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Spectacle use after routine cataract surgery and vision-related activity limitation

Farhoudi, Daniel B.; Behndig, Anders; Mollazadegan, Kaziwe; Montan, Per; Lundström, Mats LU and Kugelberg, Maria (2018) In Acta Ophthalmologica
Abstract

Purpose: To explore the relationship between acquisition of new spectacles after routine cataract surgery and vision-related activity limitation (VRAL) postoperatively. Methods: This cohort study with intervention (survey) included 1329 patients in Sweden who had undergone a second-eye cataract surgery during March 2013. Data from the Swedish National Cataract Register were used, including evaluations of VRAL through the Catquest-9SF questionnaire before and 3 months after cataract surgery. Five months after the second-eye surgery, patients completed another five-item questionnaire about spectacle use preoperatively and postoperatively including an item on surgeons' advice about the need for spectacles. These responses were linked to... (More)

Purpose: To explore the relationship between acquisition of new spectacles after routine cataract surgery and vision-related activity limitation (VRAL) postoperatively. Methods: This cohort study with intervention (survey) included 1329 patients in Sweden who had undergone a second-eye cataract surgery during March 2013. Data from the Swedish National Cataract Register were used, including evaluations of VRAL through the Catquest-9SF questionnaire before and 3 months after cataract surgery. Five months after the second-eye surgery, patients completed another five-item questionnaire about spectacle use preoperatively and postoperatively including an item on surgeons' advice about the need for spectacles. These responses were linked to the Rasch-analysed Catquest-9SF data to identify correlations with VRAL. Results: A total of 1239 patients finally participated in the study after excluding those who did not fulfil the inclusion criteria. Patients who were advised about the need for spectacles postoperatively (n = 387) had a greater (p = 0.039) improvement in the postoperative VRAL compared to patients who were not advised (n = 691). Patients who obtained new spectacles postoperatively (n = 512) also had greater improvement (p = 0.032) compared to those who did not (n = 724). Conclusion: The average improvements in the VRAL after surgery were significantly higher for patients who obtained new distance spectacles postoperatively and for patients who were informed about the need for spectacles by their practitioners.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Cataract surgery, PROM, Self-assessed visual function, Spectacle use, Vision-related activity limitation
in
Acta Ophthalmologica
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042175840
ISSN
1755-375X
DOI
10.1111/aos.13708
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0f7547d5-813e-44a0-b9e0-5ed0cfe32777
date added to LUP
2018-03-09 09:29:50
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:30:27
@article{0f7547d5-813e-44a0-b9e0-5ed0cfe32777,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: To explore the relationship between acquisition of new spectacles after routine cataract surgery and vision-related activity limitation (VRAL) postoperatively. Methods: This cohort study with intervention (survey) included 1329 patients in Sweden who had undergone a second-eye cataract surgery during March 2013. Data from the Swedish National Cataract Register were used, including evaluations of VRAL through the Catquest-9SF questionnaire before and 3 months after cataract surgery. Five months after the second-eye surgery, patients completed another five-item questionnaire about spectacle use preoperatively and postoperatively including an item on surgeons' advice about the need for spectacles. These responses were linked to the Rasch-analysed Catquest-9SF data to identify correlations with VRAL. Results: A total of 1239 patients finally participated in the study after excluding those who did not fulfil the inclusion criteria. Patients who were advised about the need for spectacles postoperatively (n = 387) had a greater (p = 0.039) improvement in the postoperative VRAL compared to patients who were not advised (n = 691). Patients who obtained new spectacles postoperatively (n = 512) also had greater improvement (p = 0.032) compared to those who did not (n = 724). Conclusion: The average improvements in the VRAL after surgery were significantly higher for patients who obtained new distance spectacles postoperatively and for patients who were informed about the need for spectacles by their practitioners.</p>},
  author       = {Farhoudi, Daniel B. and Behndig, Anders and Mollazadegan, Kaziwe and Montan, Per and Lundström, Mats and Kugelberg, Maria},
  issn         = {1755-375X},
  keyword      = {Cataract surgery,PROM,Self-assessed visual function,Spectacle use,Vision-related activity limitation},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Ophthalmologica},
  title        = {Spectacle use after routine cataract surgery and vision-related activity limitation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.13708},
  year         = {2018},
}