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Effects of Metal-Binding Loop Mutations on Ligand Binding to Calcium- and Integrin-Binding Protein 1. Evolution of the EF-Hand?

Yamniuk, Aaron; Gifford, Jessica; Linse, Sara LU and Vogel, Hans (2008) In Biochemistry 47(6). p.1696-1707
Abstract
Calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is a ubiquitous, multifunctional regulatory protein consisting of four helix-loop-helix EF-hand motifs. Neither EF-I nor EF-II binds divalent metal ions; however, EF-III is a mixed Mg2+/Ca2+-binding site, and EF-IV is a higher-affinity Ca2+-specific site. Through the generation of several CIB1 mutant proteins, we have investigated the importance of the last (-Z) metal-coordinating position of EF-III (D127) and EF-IV (E172) with respect to the binding of CIB1 to Mg2+, Ca2+, and its biological target, the cytoplasmic domain of the platelet alphaIIb integrin. A D127N mutant had reduced Mg2+ and Ca2+ affinity at EF-III but retained affinity for the alphaIIb domain. A D127E mutant had increased... (More)
Calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is a ubiquitous, multifunctional regulatory protein consisting of four helix-loop-helix EF-hand motifs. Neither EF-I nor EF-II binds divalent metal ions; however, EF-III is a mixed Mg2+/Ca2+-binding site, and EF-IV is a higher-affinity Ca2+-specific site. Through the generation of several CIB1 mutant proteins, we have investigated the importance of the last (-Z) metal-coordinating position of EF-III (D127) and EF-IV (E172) with respect to the binding of CIB1 to Mg2+, Ca2+, and its biological target, the cytoplasmic domain of the platelet alphaIIb integrin. A D127N mutant had reduced Mg2+ and Ca2+ affinity at EF-III but retained affinity for the alphaIIb domain. A D127E mutant had increased Mg2+ and Ca2+ affinity at EF-III, but unexpectedly, the affinity for the alphaIIb domain was too low for binding to be observed. E172Q and E172D mutants showed no and weak Mg2+ binding at EF-IV, respectively, and each mutant had reduced Ca2+ affinity at EF-IV and showed moderate metal-dependent differences in affinity for the alphaIIb domain. Finally, a D127Q mutant bound Mg2+ and Ca2+ in a manner similar to that of D127N, but like that of D127E, the affinity for the alphaIIb domain was reduced below the detection limit. These data, combined with a NMR-based structural comparison of the Mg2+- and Ca2+-loaded CIB1-alphaIIb peptide complexes, suggest that the D127E and D127Q mutations have a disruptive effect on alphaIIb binding since they expand the metal-binding loop and change the alpha-helix positions in EF-III. Conversely, upon replacement of the ancestral Glu with Asp at the -Z position of EF-III, CIB1 gained affinity for alphaIIb, and the Ca2+ affinity of CIB1 shifted into a range where the protein is able to act as an intracellular Ca2+ sensor. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biochemistry
volume
47
issue
6
pages
1696 - 1707
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:18197701
  • wos:000252940600024
  • scopus:38949178847
ISSN
0006-2960
DOI
10.1021/bi701494m
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4b9b7f5c-86b7-40d3-9412-a7d91a2f6a1c (old id 1021344)
date added to LUP
2008-02-19 14:57:12
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:04:11
@article{4b9b7f5c-86b7-40d3-9412-a7d91a2f6a1c,
  abstract     = {Calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is a ubiquitous, multifunctional regulatory protein consisting of four helix-loop-helix EF-hand motifs. Neither EF-I nor EF-II binds divalent metal ions; however, EF-III is a mixed Mg2+/Ca2+-binding site, and EF-IV is a higher-affinity Ca2+-specific site. Through the generation of several CIB1 mutant proteins, we have investigated the importance of the last (-Z) metal-coordinating position of EF-III (D127) and EF-IV (E172) with respect to the binding of CIB1 to Mg2+, Ca2+, and its biological target, the cytoplasmic domain of the platelet alphaIIb integrin. A D127N mutant had reduced Mg2+ and Ca2+ affinity at EF-III but retained affinity for the alphaIIb domain. A D127E mutant had increased Mg2+ and Ca2+ affinity at EF-III, but unexpectedly, the affinity for the alphaIIb domain was too low for binding to be observed. E172Q and E172D mutants showed no and weak Mg2+ binding at EF-IV, respectively, and each mutant had reduced Ca2+ affinity at EF-IV and showed moderate metal-dependent differences in affinity for the alphaIIb domain. Finally, a D127Q mutant bound Mg2+ and Ca2+ in a manner similar to that of D127N, but like that of D127E, the affinity for the alphaIIb domain was reduced below the detection limit. These data, combined with a NMR-based structural comparison of the Mg2+- and Ca2+-loaded CIB1-alphaIIb peptide complexes, suggest that the D127E and D127Q mutations have a disruptive effect on alphaIIb binding since they expand the metal-binding loop and change the alpha-helix positions in EF-III. Conversely, upon replacement of the ancestral Glu with Asp at the -Z position of EF-III, CIB1 gained affinity for alphaIIb, and the Ca2+ affinity of CIB1 shifted into a range where the protein is able to act as an intracellular Ca2+ sensor.},
  author       = {Yamniuk, Aaron and Gifford, Jessica and Linse, Sara and Vogel, Hans},
  issn         = {0006-2960},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1696--1707},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Biochemistry},
  title        = {Effects of Metal-Binding Loop Mutations on Ligand Binding to Calcium- and Integrin-Binding Protein 1. Evolution of the EF-Hand?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi701494m},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2008},
}