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College students' drinking patterns: trajectories of AUDIT scores during the first four years at university.

Johnsson, Kent LU ; Leifman, Anders and Berglund, Mats LU (2008) In European Addiction Research 14(1). p.11-18
Abstract
AIMS: Changes in AUDIT score trajectories were examined in a student population during their first 4 years at a university, including high-risk consumers and a subsample of low-risk consumers. METHOD: 359 students were selected for the present study, comprising all high-risk consumers (the 27% with highest scores, i.e. 11 for males and 7 for females) and a randomized sample of low-risk consumers (n = 177 and 182, respectively). The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) was used as screening instrument. Trajectory analyses were made using a semiparametric group-based model. RESULTS: In the low-AUDIT group, five distinct trajectories were identified: three stable non-risky consumption groups (83%) and two increasing groups (17%;... (More)
AIMS: Changes in AUDIT score trajectories were examined in a student population during their first 4 years at a university, including high-risk consumers and a subsample of low-risk consumers. METHOD: 359 students were selected for the present study, comprising all high-risk consumers (the 27% with highest scores, i.e. 11 for males and 7 for females) and a randomized sample of low-risk consumers (n = 177 and 182, respectively). The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) was used as screening instrument. Trajectory analyses were made using a semiparametric group-based model. RESULTS: In the low-AUDIT group, five distinct trajectories were identified: three stable non-risky consumption groups (83%) and two increasing groups (17%; from non-risky to risky). In the high-AUDIT group, three groups were identified: two stable high groups (58%) and one decreasing group (from risky to non-risky consumption; 41%). In the integrated model, stable risky consumption comprised 16% of the total sample, decreasing consumption 11%, increasing consumption comprised 13% and stable non-risky consumption 60% of the sample. Gender influenced the trajectories. CONCLUSION: The pattern of changes in risk consumption is similar to that found in corresponding US studies. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Addiction Research
volume
14
issue
1
pages
11 - 18
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • pmid:18182768
  • wos:000252384000002
  • scopus:38049025349
ISSN
1421-9891
DOI
10.1159/000110406
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fe9c8de0-9aa4-49a2-b59d-a07db70ee719 (old id 1021530)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18182768?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-02-12 11:15:46
date last changed
2017-06-11 04:40:06
@article{fe9c8de0-9aa4-49a2-b59d-a07db70ee719,
  abstract     = {AIMS: Changes in AUDIT score trajectories were examined in a student population during their first 4 years at a university, including high-risk consumers and a subsample of low-risk consumers. METHOD: 359 students were selected for the present study, comprising all high-risk consumers (the 27% with highest scores, i.e. 11 for males and 7 for females) and a randomized sample of low-risk consumers (n = 177 and 182, respectively). The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) was used as screening instrument. Trajectory analyses were made using a semiparametric group-based model. RESULTS: In the low-AUDIT group, five distinct trajectories were identified: three stable non-risky consumption groups (83%) and two increasing groups (17%; from non-risky to risky). In the high-AUDIT group, three groups were identified: two stable high groups (58%) and one decreasing group (from risky to non-risky consumption; 41%). In the integrated model, stable risky consumption comprised 16% of the total sample, decreasing consumption 11%, increasing consumption comprised 13% and stable non-risky consumption 60% of the sample. Gender influenced the trajectories. CONCLUSION: The pattern of changes in risk consumption is similar to that found in corresponding US studies.},
  author       = {Johnsson, Kent and Leifman, Anders and Berglund, Mats},
  issn         = {1421-9891},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {11--18},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {European Addiction Research},
  title        = {College students' drinking patterns: trajectories of AUDIT scores during the first four years at university.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000110406},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2008},
}