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Influence of activated charcoal, porcine gastric mucin and beta-cyclodextrin on the morphology and growth of intestinal and gastric Helicobacter spp.

Taneera, Jalal LU ; Moran, Anthony P; Hynes, Sean LU ; Nilsson, Hans-Olof LU ; Abu Al-Soud, Waleed LU and Wadström, Torkel LU (2002) In Microbiology1994-01-01+01:00 148(3). p.677-684
Abstract
Bile-tolerant Helicobacter spp. are emerging human and animal pathogens. However, due to their fastidious nature, which requires nutrient-rich complex media to grow, infection with these bacteria may be underestimated. The accumulation of toxic metabolites in cultures may be one of the main obstacles for successful culture of these organisms. The present study examined various potential growth-enhancing substances for Helicobacter spp. and, furthermore, how they may affect spiral to coccoid conversion. Five Helicobacter spp. were cultured on agar and in broth media supplemented with activated charcoal, beta-cyclodextrin, or porcine gastric mucin. Growth was determined by estimating the numbers of colony-forming units and colony diameter,... (More)
Bile-tolerant Helicobacter spp. are emerging human and animal pathogens. However, due to their fastidious nature, which requires nutrient-rich complex media to grow, infection with these bacteria may be underestimated. The accumulation of toxic metabolites in cultures may be one of the main obstacles for successful culture of these organisms. The present study examined various potential growth-enhancing substances for Helicobacter spp. and, furthermore, how they may affect spiral to coccoid conversion. Five Helicobacter spp. were cultured on agar and in broth media supplemented with activated charcoal, beta-cyclodextrin, or porcine gastric mucin. Growth was determined by estimating the numbers of colony-forming units and colony diameter, as well as bacterial cell mass. Coccoid transformation was estimated every 24 h by both Gram and acridine-orange staining. Activated charcoal was superior in supporting growth and increased cell mass on agar and in broth media. beta-Cyclodextrin delayed spiral to coccoid conversion by Helicobacter pylori and Helicobacter canis, whereas activated charcoal delayed the conversion to coccoid forms of Helicobacter hepaticus and Helicobacter bilis. The progression to coccoid forms by Helicobacter pullorum on agar media was not influenced by any growth supplement. The spiral to coccoid conversion was more rapid in broth media than on agar media. The growth enhancement observed is probably related to the capacity of activated charcoal to remove toxic compounds in culture media. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
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organization
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Contribution to journal
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published
subject
keywords
Microscopy, Intestines/*microbiology, Human, Helicobacter pylori/*growth & development/isolation & purification/*ultrastructure, Gastric Mucin, Cyclodextrins, Culture Media, Microbial, Colony Count, Charcoal, Animal, Bacteriological Techniques, Electron, Stomach/*microbiology, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Swine
in
Microbiology1994-01-01+01:00
volume
148
issue
3
pages
677 - 684
publisher
MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
external identifiers
  • wos:000174327900007
  • pmid:11882701
ISSN
1465-2080
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a8e7eee0-7f4d-409c-abd9-b540213089bb (old id 106215)
alternative location
http://mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/148/3/677
date added to LUP
2007-07-10 14:25:29
date last changed
2016-04-15 20:01:57
@article{a8e7eee0-7f4d-409c-abd9-b540213089bb,
  abstract     = {Bile-tolerant Helicobacter spp. are emerging human and animal pathogens. However, due to their fastidious nature, which requires nutrient-rich complex media to grow, infection with these bacteria may be underestimated. The accumulation of toxic metabolites in cultures may be one of the main obstacles for successful culture of these organisms. The present study examined various potential growth-enhancing substances for Helicobacter spp. and, furthermore, how they may affect spiral to coccoid conversion. Five Helicobacter spp. were cultured on agar and in broth media supplemented with activated charcoal, beta-cyclodextrin, or porcine gastric mucin. Growth was determined by estimating the numbers of colony-forming units and colony diameter, as well as bacterial cell mass. Coccoid transformation was estimated every 24 h by both Gram and acridine-orange staining. Activated charcoal was superior in supporting growth and increased cell mass on agar and in broth media. beta-Cyclodextrin delayed spiral to coccoid conversion by Helicobacter pylori and Helicobacter canis, whereas activated charcoal delayed the conversion to coccoid forms of Helicobacter hepaticus and Helicobacter bilis. The progression to coccoid forms by Helicobacter pullorum on agar media was not influenced by any growth supplement. The spiral to coccoid conversion was more rapid in broth media than on agar media. The growth enhancement observed is probably related to the capacity of activated charcoal to remove toxic compounds in culture media.},
  author       = {Taneera, Jalal and Moran, Anthony P and Hynes, Sean and Nilsson, Hans-Olof and Abu Al-Soud, Waleed and Wadström, Torkel},
  issn         = {1465-2080},
  keyword      = {Microscopy,Intestines/*microbiology,Human,Helicobacter pylori/*growth & development/isolation & purification/*ultrastructure,Gastric Mucin,Cyclodextrins,Culture Media,Microbial,Colony Count,Charcoal,Animal,Bacteriological Techniques,Electron,Stomach/*microbiology,Support,Non-U.S. Gov't,Swine},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {677--684},
  publisher    = {MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica},
  series       = {Microbiology1994-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Influence of activated charcoal, porcine gastric mucin and beta-cyclodextrin on the morphology and growth of intestinal and gastric Helicobacter spp.},
  volume       = {148},
  year         = {2002},
}