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Mitochondrial permeability transition in acute neurodegeneration.

Friberg, Hans LU and Wieloch, Tadeusz LU (2002) In Biochimie 84(2-3). p.241-250
Abstract
Acute neurodegeneration in man is encountered during and following stroke, transient cardiac arrest, brain trauma, insulin-induced hypoglycemia and status epilepticus. All these severe clinical conditions are characterized by neuronal calcium overload, aberrant cell signaling, generation of free radicals and elevation of cellular free fatty acids, conditions that favor activation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP). Cyclosporin A (CsA) and its analog N-methyl-valine-4-cyclosporin A (MeValCsA) are potent blockers of the mtPTP and protect against neuronal death following excitotoxicity and oxygen glucose deprivation. Also, CsA and MeValCsA diminish cell death following cerebral ischemia, trauma, and hypoglycemia. Here... (More)
Acute neurodegeneration in man is encountered during and following stroke, transient cardiac arrest, brain trauma, insulin-induced hypoglycemia and status epilepticus. All these severe clinical conditions are characterized by neuronal calcium overload, aberrant cell signaling, generation of free radicals and elevation of cellular free fatty acids, conditions that favor activation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP). Cyclosporin A (CsA) and its analog N-methyl-valine-4-cyclosporin A (MeValCsA) are potent blockers of the mtPTP and protect against neuronal death following excitotoxicity and oxygen glucose deprivation. Also, CsA and MeValCsA diminish cell death following cerebral ischemia, trauma, and hypoglycemia. Here we present data that strongly imply the mtPT in acute neurodegeneration in vivo. Compounds that readily pass the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) and block the mtPT may be neuroprotective in stroke. (Less)
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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biochimie
volume
84
issue
2-3
pages
241 - 250
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000175648600016
  • scopus:0036479054
ISSN
1638-6183
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Experimental Brain Research (0131000120), Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care (013230022), Neurosurgery (013026000)
id
3e6cdc87-e3a4-4e50-8aa3-88991b4f0d97 (old id 108348)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12022955&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:10:48
date last changed
2020-12-15 03:01:56
@article{3e6cdc87-e3a4-4e50-8aa3-88991b4f0d97,
  abstract     = {Acute neurodegeneration in man is encountered during and following stroke, transient cardiac arrest, brain trauma, insulin-induced hypoglycemia and status epilepticus. All these severe clinical conditions are characterized by neuronal calcium overload, aberrant cell signaling, generation of free radicals and elevation of cellular free fatty acids, conditions that favor activation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP). Cyclosporin A (CsA) and its analog N-methyl-valine-4-cyclosporin A (MeValCsA) are potent blockers of the mtPTP and protect against neuronal death following excitotoxicity and oxygen glucose deprivation. Also, CsA and MeValCsA diminish cell death following cerebral ischemia, trauma, and hypoglycemia. Here we present data that strongly imply the mtPT in acute neurodegeneration in vivo. Compounds that readily pass the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) and block the mtPT may be neuroprotective in stroke.},
  author       = {Friberg, Hans and Wieloch, Tadeusz},
  issn         = {1638-6183},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2-3},
  pages        = {241--250},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biochimie},
  title        = {Mitochondrial permeability transition in acute neurodegeneration.},
  url          = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12022955&dopt=Abstract},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2002},
}