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Organ culture: a new model for vascular endothelium dysfunction.

Alm, Rikard LU ; Edvinsson, Lars LU and Malmsjö, Malin LU (2002) In BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2(1).
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Endothelium dysfunction is believed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the suitability of organ culture as a model for endothelium dysfunction. METHODS: The isometric tension was recorded in isolated segments of the rat mesenteric artery branch, before and after organ culture for 20 h. Vasodilatation was expressed as % of preconstriction with U46619. The acetylcholine (ACh) induced nitric oxide (NO) mediated dilatation was studied in the presence of 10 &mgr;M indomethacin, 50 nM charybdotoxin and 1 &mgr;M apamin. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factor (EDHF) was studied in the presence of 0.1 mM L-NOARG and indomethacin. Prostaglandins were... (More)
BACKGROUND: Endothelium dysfunction is believed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the suitability of organ culture as a model for endothelium dysfunction. METHODS: The isometric tension was recorded in isolated segments of the rat mesenteric artery branch, before and after organ culture for 20 h. Vasodilatation was expressed as % of preconstriction with U46619. The acetylcholine (ACh) induced nitric oxide (NO) mediated dilatation was studied in the presence of 10 &mgr;M indomethacin, 50 nM charybdotoxin and 1 &mgr;M apamin. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factor (EDHF) was studied in the presence of 0.1 mM L-NOARG and indomethacin. Prostaglandins were studied in the presence of L-NOARG, charybdotoxin and apamin. RESULTS: The ACh-induced NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatations decreased significantly during organ culture (NO: 84% in control and 36% in cultured; prostaglandins: 48% in control and 16% in cultured). Notably, the total ACh-dilatation was not changed. This might be explained by the finding that EDHF alone stimulated a full dilatation even after organ culture (83% in control and 80% in cultured). EDHF may thereby compensate for the loss in NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatation. Dilatations induced by forskolin or sodium nitroprusside did not change after organ culture, indicating intact smooth muscle cell function. CONCLUSIONS: Organ culture induces a loss in NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatation, which is compensated for by EDHF. This shift in mediator profile resembles that in endothelium dysfunction. Organ culture provides an easily accessible model where the molecular changes that take place, when endothelium dysfunction is developed, can be examined over time. (Less)
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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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2
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BioMed Central
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1471-2261
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English
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@article{c622cb06-6600-4b7e-a88e-69f0274261ee,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Endothelium dysfunction is believed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the suitability of organ culture as a model for endothelium dysfunction. METHODS: The isometric tension was recorded in isolated segments of the rat mesenteric artery branch, before and after organ culture for 20 h. Vasodilatation was expressed as % of preconstriction with U46619. The acetylcholine (ACh) induced nitric oxide (NO) mediated dilatation was studied in the presence of 10 &mgr;M indomethacin, 50 nM charybdotoxin and 1 &mgr;M apamin. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factor (EDHF) was studied in the presence of 0.1 mM L-NOARG and indomethacin. Prostaglandins were studied in the presence of L-NOARG, charybdotoxin and apamin. RESULTS: The ACh-induced NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatations decreased significantly during organ culture (NO: 84% in control and 36% in cultured; prostaglandins: 48% in control and 16% in cultured). Notably, the total ACh-dilatation was not changed. This might be explained by the finding that EDHF alone stimulated a full dilatation even after organ culture (83% in control and 80% in cultured). EDHF may thereby compensate for the loss in NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatation. Dilatations induced by forskolin or sodium nitroprusside did not change after organ culture, indicating intact smooth muscle cell function. CONCLUSIONS: Organ culture induces a loss in NO and prostaglandin-mediated dilatation, which is compensated for by EDHF. This shift in mediator profile resembles that in endothelium dysfunction. Organ culture provides an easily accessible model where the molecular changes that take place, when endothelium dysfunction is developed, can be examined over time.},
  author       = {Alm, Rikard and Edvinsson, Lars and Malmsjö, Malin},
  issn         = {1471-2261},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Cardiovascular Disorders},
  title        = {Organ culture: a new model for vascular endothelium dysfunction.},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2002},
}