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Enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacyglycerols in rat adipose tissue

Tornqvist, H; Nilsson-Ehle, Peter LU and Belfrage, P (1978) In Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 530(3). p.474-486
Abstract
Acetone-ether preparations of epididymal fat pads from fasted or fed rats contained two enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacylglycerols. The enzymes were identified as monoacylglycerol lipase (Tornqvist, H. and Belfrage, P., (1976) J. Biol Chem. 251, 813--819) and lipoprotein lipase by their apparent pI values after electrofocusing in non-ionic detergent, selective inhibition properties, substrate specificity and positional specificity. It was estimated that monoacylglycerol lipase accounted for about 90% of the total monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity in acetone-ether preparations from fasted and 70% from fed rats. Its enzyme activity did not change with the nutritional state in contrast to that of lipoprotein lipase.... (More)
Acetone-ether preparations of epididymal fat pads from fasted or fed rats contained two enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacylglycerols. The enzymes were identified as monoacylglycerol lipase (Tornqvist, H. and Belfrage, P., (1976) J. Biol Chem. 251, 813--819) and lipoprotein lipase by their apparent pI values after electrofocusing in non-ionic detergent, selective inhibition properties, substrate specificity and positional specificity. It was estimated that monoacylglycerol lipase accounted for about 90% of the total monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity in acetone-ether preparations from fasted and 70% from fed rats. Its enzyme activity did not change with the nutritional state in contrast to that of lipoprotein lipase. The latter enzyme hydrolyzed 2-monoacylglycerols at a much lower rate than the 1(3)-isomers. Monoacylglycerol lipase was located almost entirely in the adipocytes, thus most of the enzyme activity towards monoacylglycerols in the adipose tissue was found in this site. Fractionated sucrose homogenates of rat epididymal fat pads also contained a third enzyme with monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity, identified as hormone-sensitive lipase by its pI, selective inhibition properties and substrate specificity. It was estimated that hormone-sensitive lipase accounted for less than 20% of the total activity against monoacylglycerols in these tissue preparations from fasted rats. Over-all quantitative estimations emphasized the dominant role of monoacylglycerol lipase over the other two enzymes in the hydrolysis of monoacylglycerols. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
volume
530
issue
3
pages
474 - 486
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:698245
  • scopus:0018135686
ISSN
0006-3002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
63d02b6e-ed2f-4966-8934-005f10507c16 (old id 1102702)
date added to LUP
2008-08-14 11:07:32
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:18:24
@article{63d02b6e-ed2f-4966-8934-005f10507c16,
  abstract     = {Acetone-ether preparations of epididymal fat pads from fasted or fed rats contained two enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacylglycerols. The enzymes were identified as monoacylglycerol lipase (Tornqvist, H. and Belfrage, P., (1976) J. Biol Chem. 251, 813--819) and lipoprotein lipase by their apparent pI values after electrofocusing in non-ionic detergent, selective inhibition properties, substrate specificity and positional specificity. It was estimated that monoacylglycerol lipase accounted for about 90% of the total monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity in acetone-ether preparations from fasted and 70% from fed rats. Its enzyme activity did not change with the nutritional state in contrast to that of lipoprotein lipase. The latter enzyme hydrolyzed 2-monoacylglycerols at a much lower rate than the 1(3)-isomers. Monoacylglycerol lipase was located almost entirely in the adipocytes, thus most of the enzyme activity towards monoacylglycerols in the adipose tissue was found in this site. Fractionated sucrose homogenates of rat epididymal fat pads also contained a third enzyme with monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity, identified as hormone-sensitive lipase by its pI, selective inhibition properties and substrate specificity. It was estimated that hormone-sensitive lipase accounted for less than 20% of the total activity against monoacylglycerols in these tissue preparations from fasted rats. Over-all quantitative estimations emphasized the dominant role of monoacylglycerol lipase over the other two enzymes in the hydrolysis of monoacylglycerols.},
  author       = {Tornqvist, H and Nilsson-Ehle, Peter and Belfrage, P},
  issn         = {0006-3002},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {474--486},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biochimica et Biophysica Acta},
  title        = {Enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacyglycerols in rat adipose tissue},
  volume       = {530},
  year         = {1978},
}