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On a cholinergic motor innervation of the rat urethra

Ekström, J and Malmberg, Lars LU (1984) In Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 120(2). p.237-242
Abstract
Choline acetyltransferase activity was demonstrated in the proximal part of the male rat urethra, indicating a cholinergic innervation of this tissue. The cholinergic nerve fibres emanated evidently from the pelvic nerves, since bilateral removal of the pelvic ganglion caused a major fall in the activity of this enzyme. The muscle activity of the circular layer of the proximal urethra was recorded in vitro. The basal activity of this segment was low. The parasympathomimetics acetylcholine and methacholine, evoked rapid and marked contractile responses; the maximal responses to these drugs were 36 and 44%, respectively, of that to potassium. The corresponding figures for phenylephrine and noradrenaline were found to be 79 and 88%,... (More)
Choline acetyltransferase activity was demonstrated in the proximal part of the male rat urethra, indicating a cholinergic innervation of this tissue. The cholinergic nerve fibres emanated evidently from the pelvic nerves, since bilateral removal of the pelvic ganglion caused a major fall in the activity of this enzyme. The muscle activity of the circular layer of the proximal urethra was recorded in vitro. The basal activity of this segment was low. The parasympathomimetics acetylcholine and methacholine, evoked rapid and marked contractile responses; the maximal responses to these drugs were 36 and 44%, respectively, of that to potassium. The corresponding figures for phenylephrine and noradrenaline were found to be 79 and 88%, respectively. The responses evoked by the parasympathomimetics were unaffected by the ganglion blocker hexamethonium, the alpha-adrenoceptor blocker dihydroergotamine and the beta-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol. Atropine, however, abolished the responses completely. Following degeneration of adrenergic or cholinergic nerves of the urethra the parasympathomimetics still evoked contractions. Taken together these findings indicate that the parasympathomimetics exert their contractile effect through a direct action on muscarinic receptors. Parasympathectomy but not sympathectomy (caused by 6-hydroxydopamine treatment) gave rise to a supersensitivity to methacholine, as judged by a leftward shift of the dose-response curve for this drug, the ED50-value being ten times less than that of the controls. The observations seem to suggest that the proximal urethra normally is under the influence of cholinergic activity beside that of adrenergic activity previously demonstrated. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
volume
120
issue
2
pages
237 - 242
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:6711339
  • scopus:0021345452
ISSN
0001-6772
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9c9697b2-4aa6-42b1-90ef-c9a4032e2d6f (old id 1103278)
date added to LUP
2008-08-12 15:34:19
date last changed
2017-02-22 11:44:33
@article{9c9697b2-4aa6-42b1-90ef-c9a4032e2d6f,
  abstract     = {Choline acetyltransferase activity was demonstrated in the proximal part of the male rat urethra, indicating a cholinergic innervation of this tissue. The cholinergic nerve fibres emanated evidently from the pelvic nerves, since bilateral removal of the pelvic ganglion caused a major fall in the activity of this enzyme. The muscle activity of the circular layer of the proximal urethra was recorded in vitro. The basal activity of this segment was low. The parasympathomimetics acetylcholine and methacholine, evoked rapid and marked contractile responses; the maximal responses to these drugs were 36 and 44%, respectively, of that to potassium. The corresponding figures for phenylephrine and noradrenaline were found to be 79 and 88%, respectively. The responses evoked by the parasympathomimetics were unaffected by the ganglion blocker hexamethonium, the alpha-adrenoceptor blocker dihydroergotamine and the beta-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol. Atropine, however, abolished the responses completely. Following degeneration of adrenergic or cholinergic nerves of the urethra the parasympathomimetics still evoked contractions. Taken together these findings indicate that the parasympathomimetics exert their contractile effect through a direct action on muscarinic receptors. Parasympathectomy but not sympathectomy (caused by 6-hydroxydopamine treatment) gave rise to a supersensitivity to methacholine, as judged by a leftward shift of the dose-response curve for this drug, the ED50-value being ten times less than that of the controls. The observations seem to suggest that the proximal urethra normally is under the influence of cholinergic activity beside that of adrenergic activity previously demonstrated.},
  author       = {Ekström, J and Malmberg, Lars},
  issn         = {0001-6772},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {237--242},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Physiologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {On a cholinergic motor innervation of the rat urethra},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {1984},
}