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The economics of general thromboembolic prophylaxis

Bergqvist, David; Jendteg, Stefan; Lindgren, Björn LU ; Mätzsch, Thomas LU and Persson, Ulf (1988) In World Journal of Surgery 12(3). p.349-355
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Spanish

Los efectos clínicos y económicos de cada una de 3 alternatives en la profilaxis tromboembólica (no profilaxis, profilaxis general con heparina de baja dosis, y tratamiento selectivo) fueron valorados en 3 tipos de cirugía: cirugía general (abdominal), el subgrupo de cirugía general para colelitiasis, y cirugía electiva de cadera. Los costos de las complicaciones tromboembólicas y hemorrágicas fueron calculados a partir de las cifras observadas en 28 pacientes hospitalizados en el Departmento de Cirugía. El número de predicción de complicaciones tromboembólicas, y el número de embolismos pulmonares fatales pueden ser minimizados en los 3 tipos de cirugía mediante la profilaxis general. Sin embargo, la... (More)
Abstract in Spanish

Los efectos clínicos y económicos de cada una de 3 alternatives en la profilaxis tromboembólica (no profilaxis, profilaxis general con heparina de baja dosis, y tratamiento selectivo) fueron valorados en 3 tipos de cirugía: cirugía general (abdominal), el subgrupo de cirugía general para colelitiasis, y cirugía electiva de cadera. Los costos de las complicaciones tromboembólicas y hemorrágicas fueron calculados a partir de las cifras observadas en 28 pacientes hospitalizados en el Departmento de Cirugía. El número de predicción de complicaciones tromboembólicas, y el número de embolismos pulmonares fatales pueden ser minimizados en los 3 tipos de cirugía mediante la profilaxis general. Sin embargo, la profilaxis general con heparina de baja dosis se acompaña de la más alta incidencia de complicaciones hemorrágicas.

Los costos de la atención pueden ser minimizados mediante la profilaxis general en cirugía electiva de cadera y en cirugía general abdominal, en tanto que la no profilaxis es la mejor alternativa para la cirugía de colelitiasis.

Desde el punto de vista del paciente, la profilaxis general minimiza la duración de la enfermedad tromboembólica en la cirugía general abdominal así como en la cirugía electiva de cadera. En la cirugía para colelitiasis, sin embargo, no se demuestran diferencias entre las dos alternatives principales, no profilaxis y profilaxis general.

El tratamiento selectivo significa tratamiento una vez establecido el diagnóstico de trombosis mediante algún método de tamizaje. La alternativa de tratamiento selectivo fue la menos satisfactoria de las 3 alternatives estudiadas.



Abstract in French

Les effets cliniques et financiers de 3 comportements variables: absence de prophylaxie, prophylaxie, traitement sélectif ont été évalué en fonction de trois types de chirurgie: chirurgie générale, chirurgie spéciale de la lithiase biliaire, chirurgie élective de la hanche. Les coûts des complications thrombo-emboliques et hémorragiques ont été calculés à partir des données numériques concernant 28 malades hospitalisés dans le service de chirurgie. Le nombre envisagé des complications thromboemboliques et par conséquent le nombre d'embolie pulmonaire fatale a été réduit dans les 3 types de chirurgie choisis grâce au traitement prophylactique. Cependant il convient de noter que le traitement prophylactique à l'aide de faible dose d'héparine s'accompagne de complications hémorragiques plus nombreuses.

Les coûts des soins de la chirurgie élective de la hanche et de la chirurgie générale sont réduits grâce au traitement prophylactique alors que l'absence de traitement prophylactique représente la meilleure modalité à observer dans le traitement de la chirurgie biliaire.

En ce qui concerne le point de vue du malade le traitement prophylactique réduit la durée de la maladie thromboembolique compliquant la chirurgie générale ou la chirurgie de la hanche. En revanche dans la chirurgie de la lithiase biliaire aucun inconvénient pour la santé du malade ne s'observe que le traitement prophylactique soit ou ne soit pas appliqué.

Le traitement sélectif qui répond au traitement institué après que le diagnostic ait été posé par des méthodes de dépistage est la moins satisfaisante des trois attitudes envisagées. (Less)
Abstract
The clinical and economic effects of each of 3 alternatives—no prophylaxis, general prophylaxis, and selective treatment—have been assessed in conjunction with 3 types of surgery—general surgery, the subset surgery for cholelithiasis, and elective hip surgery. The costs of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications have been calculated from the figures for 28 patients hospitalized at the Department of Surgery, Malmö General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. The anticipated number of thromboembolic complications—and thus even the number of fatal pulmonary embolisms—can be minimized in all 3 types of surgery by means of general prophylaxis. General prophylaxis with low-dose heparin is, however, accompanied by the greatest incidence of hemorrhagic... (More)
The clinical and economic effects of each of 3 alternatives—no prophylaxis, general prophylaxis, and selective treatment—have been assessed in conjunction with 3 types of surgery—general surgery, the subset surgery for cholelithiasis, and elective hip surgery. The costs of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications have been calculated from the figures for 28 patients hospitalized at the Department of Surgery, Malmö General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. The anticipated number of thromboembolic complications—and thus even the number of fatal pulmonary embolisms—can be minimized in all 3 types of surgery by means of general prophylaxis. General prophylaxis with low-dose heparin is, however, accompanied by the greatest incidence of hemorrhagic complications.

Health care costs are minimized with general prophylaxis in elective hip and general surgery, while no prophylaxis is the best alternative in surgery for cholelithiasis.

From the patient's point of view, general prophylaxis minimizes the duration of thromboembolic disease in general surgery as well as in elective hip surgery. In surgery for cholelithiasis, however, no differences in health loss for the individual are shown between the 2 main alternatives, no prophylaxis and general prophylaxis.

Selective treatment means treatment after diagnosis of thrombosis with some screening method. The alternative selective treatment was the least satisfactory of those 3 studied. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
World Journal of Surgery
volume
12
issue
3
pages
349 - 355
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:3400247
  • scopus:0023899502
ISSN
1432-2323
DOI
10.1007/BF01655669
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
97364ba6-32d5-4334-9b01-708a2c81a011 (old id 1104208)
date added to LUP
2008-08-07 12:08:42
date last changed
2017-08-27 05:39:49
@article{97364ba6-32d5-4334-9b01-708a2c81a011,
  abstract     = {The clinical and economic effects of each of 3 alternatives—no prophylaxis, general prophylaxis, and selective treatment—have been assessed in conjunction with 3 types of surgery—general surgery, the subset surgery for cholelithiasis, and elective hip surgery. The costs of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications have been calculated from the figures for 28 patients hospitalized at the Department of Surgery, Malmö General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. The anticipated number of thromboembolic complications—and thus even the number of fatal pulmonary embolisms—can be minimized in all 3 types of surgery by means of general prophylaxis. General prophylaxis with low-dose heparin is, however, accompanied by the greatest incidence of hemorrhagic complications.<br/><br>
Health care costs are minimized with general prophylaxis in elective hip and general surgery, while no prophylaxis is the best alternative in surgery for cholelithiasis.<br/><br>
From the patient's point of view, general prophylaxis minimizes the duration of thromboembolic disease in general surgery as well as in elective hip surgery. In surgery for cholelithiasis, however, no differences in health loss for the individual are shown between the 2 main alternatives, no prophylaxis and general prophylaxis.<br/><br>
Selective treatment means treatment after diagnosis of thrombosis with some screening method. The alternative selective treatment was the least satisfactory of those 3 studied.},
  author       = {Bergqvist, David and Jendteg, Stefan and Lindgren, Björn and Mätzsch, Thomas and Persson, Ulf},
  issn         = {1432-2323},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {349--355},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {World Journal of Surgery},
  title        = {The economics of general thromboembolic prophylaxis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01655669},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {1988},
}