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Environmental exposure to lead and arsenic among children living near a glassworks

Andren, P; Schütz, A; Vahter, M; Attewell, R; Johansson, L; Willers, Stefan LU and Skerfving, Staffan LU (1988) In Science of the Total Environment 77(1). p.25-34
Abstract
Concentrations of lead (Pb) in blood (B-Pb, geometric mean 34.6 micrograms l-1, n = 127) and inorganic arsenic (As) and its metabolites in urine (U-As, mean 5.1 micrograms/g creatinine, n = 35) did not differ between children living in a village close to a glassworks emitting both Pb and As and children living in a reference area. There was no significant effect on B-Pb and U-As related to parents working at the glassworks or consumption of domestically grown vegetables. Neither was there any significant effect upon B-Pb of sex, age, potentially lead-exposing hobbies, or consumption of canned foods. Boys had higher U-As than girls (5.8 vs 4.2 micrograms/g creatinine, p = 0.005), and there was a decrease with age (range 8.4-10.4 years, 27%... (More)
Concentrations of lead (Pb) in blood (B-Pb, geometric mean 34.6 micrograms l-1, n = 127) and inorganic arsenic (As) and its metabolites in urine (U-As, mean 5.1 micrograms/g creatinine, n = 35) did not differ between children living in a village close to a glassworks emitting both Pb and As and children living in a reference area. There was no significant effect on B-Pb and U-As related to parents working at the glassworks or consumption of domestically grown vegetables. Neither was there any significant effect upon B-Pb of sex, age, potentially lead-exposing hobbies, or consumption of canned foods. Boys had higher U-As than girls (5.8 vs 4.2 micrograms/g creatinine, p = 0.005), and there was a decrease with age (range 8.4-10.4 years, 27% per year, p = 0.01). Further, parental smoking habits had a significant effect on both B-Pb and U-As. In children of non-smoking parents the B-Pb was 30 micrograms l-1, in children with one parent who smoked 39 micrograms l-1 (smoking father 37, smoking mother 41 micrograms l-1) and in children with two parents who smoked 47 micrograms l-1 (p less than 0.001). The corresponding values for U-As were 4.2, 5.5, and 13 micrograms/g creatinine, respectively (p = 0.01). (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Science of the Total Environment
volume
77
issue
1
pages
25 - 34
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:3232075
  • scopus:0023698864
ISSN
1879-1026
DOI
10.1016/0048-9697(88)90311-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
386fb1a5-33aa-4b6e-9408-a2ba3cf4ef51 (old id 1104338)
date added to LUP
2008-08-08 09:04:47
date last changed
2017-02-12 03:38:22
@article{386fb1a5-33aa-4b6e-9408-a2ba3cf4ef51,
  abstract     = {Concentrations of lead (Pb) in blood (B-Pb, geometric mean 34.6 micrograms l-1, n = 127) and inorganic arsenic (As) and its metabolites in urine (U-As, mean 5.1 micrograms/g creatinine, n = 35) did not differ between children living in a village close to a glassworks emitting both Pb and As and children living in a reference area. There was no significant effect on B-Pb and U-As related to parents working at the glassworks or consumption of domestically grown vegetables. Neither was there any significant effect upon B-Pb of sex, age, potentially lead-exposing hobbies, or consumption of canned foods. Boys had higher U-As than girls (5.8 vs 4.2 micrograms/g creatinine, p = 0.005), and there was a decrease with age (range 8.4-10.4 years, 27% per year, p = 0.01). Further, parental smoking habits had a significant effect on both B-Pb and U-As. In children of non-smoking parents the B-Pb was 30 micrograms l-1, in children with one parent who smoked 39 micrograms l-1 (smoking father 37, smoking mother 41 micrograms l-1) and in children with two parents who smoked 47 micrograms l-1 (p less than 0.001). The corresponding values for U-As were 4.2, 5.5, and 13 micrograms/g creatinine, respectively (p = 0.01).},
  author       = {Andren, P and Schütz, A and Vahter, M and Attewell, R and Johansson, L and Willers, Stefan and Skerfving, Staffan},
  issn         = {1879-1026},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {25--34},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Science of the Total Environment},
  title        = {Environmental exposure to lead and arsenic among children living near a glassworks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(88)90311-7},
  volume       = {77},
  year         = {1988},
}