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The prevalence of retinopathy and associated medical risk factors in type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus

Agardh, Elisabet LU ; Torffvit, Ole LU and Agardh, Carl-David LU (1989) In Journal of Internal Medicine 226(1). p.47-52
Abstract
The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and the associated medical risk factors, such as age at onset and duration of diabetes, metabolic control, blood pressure, albumin clearance and serum creatinine, were studied in 501 patients with type I diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of retinopathy, characterized as simplex, maculopathy, preproliferative, and proliferative, was 60.5%. Patients with retinopathy were younger at the onset of diabetes, and had a longer duration of disease. In patients with more than 10 years of diabetes, proliferative retinopathy was more frequent if onset was before they were 15 years old, despite the fact that the duration of diabetes did not differ. Patients with severe retinopathy had worse metabolic control, and... (More)
The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and the associated medical risk factors, such as age at onset and duration of diabetes, metabolic control, blood pressure, albumin clearance and serum creatinine, were studied in 501 patients with type I diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of retinopathy, characterized as simplex, maculopathy, preproliferative, and proliferative, was 60.5%. Patients with retinopathy were younger at the onset of diabetes, and had a longer duration of disease. In patients with more than 10 years of diabetes, proliferative retinopathy was more frequent if onset was before they were 15 years old, despite the fact that the duration of diabetes did not differ. Patients with severe retinopathy had worse metabolic control, and were more frequently treated for hypertension. In addition, the systolic blood pressure was elevated in all groups of patients with any type of retinopathy, whereas the diastolic blood pressure was elevated only in patients with more severe forms. Patients with severe retinopathy also had higher levels of albumin clearance. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Internal Medicine
volume
226
issue
1
pages
47 - 52
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:2754382
  • scopus:0024316163
ISSN
1365-2796
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b8199598-bb22-4f90-98bf-fe7ec50065b9 (old id 1104565)
date added to LUP
2008-08-06 10:58:29
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:24:06
@article{b8199598-bb22-4f90-98bf-fe7ec50065b9,
  abstract     = {The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and the associated medical risk factors, such as age at onset and duration of diabetes, metabolic control, blood pressure, albumin clearance and serum creatinine, were studied in 501 patients with type I diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of retinopathy, characterized as simplex, maculopathy, preproliferative, and proliferative, was 60.5%. Patients with retinopathy were younger at the onset of diabetes, and had a longer duration of disease. In patients with more than 10 years of diabetes, proliferative retinopathy was more frequent if onset was before they were 15 years old, despite the fact that the duration of diabetes did not differ. Patients with severe retinopathy had worse metabolic control, and were more frequently treated for hypertension. In addition, the systolic blood pressure was elevated in all groups of patients with any type of retinopathy, whereas the diastolic blood pressure was elevated only in patients with more severe forms. Patients with severe retinopathy also had higher levels of albumin clearance.},
  author       = {Agardh, Elisabet and Torffvit, Ole and Agardh, Carl-David},
  issn         = {1365-2796},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {47--52},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Internal Medicine},
  title        = {The prevalence of retinopathy and associated medical risk factors in type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus},
  volume       = {226},
  year         = {1989},
}