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Increased levels of plasma homocysteine are associated with nephropathy, but not severe retinopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus

Hultberg, Björn LU ; Agardh, Elisabet LU ; Andersson, A ; Brattström, L ; Isaksson, Anders LU ; Israelsson, Bodil LU and Agardh, Carl-David LU (1991) In Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation 51(3). p.277-282
Abstract
The reactive vascular-injuring amino acid homocysteine was measured in plasma samples from 79 well-characterized type 1 diabetic patients and 46 control subjects. Patients with proliferative retinopathy had higher homocysteine levels (15.0 +/- 6.3 mumols l-1; mean +/- SD, p less than 0.001; n = 42) than those with progressive retinopathy during a two-year period (10.4 +/- 1.6 mumols l-1; n = 12), no or minimal retinopathy (10.7 +/- 4.3 mumols l-1; n = 25), and the control subjects (11.0 +/- 3.4 mumols l-1). Within the group of patients with proliferative retinopathy increased homocysteine levels were confined to those patients that had serum creatinine levels greater than 115 mumols l-1 and/or an albumin:creatinine clearance ratio greater... (More)
The reactive vascular-injuring amino acid homocysteine was measured in plasma samples from 79 well-characterized type 1 diabetic patients and 46 control subjects. Patients with proliferative retinopathy had higher homocysteine levels (15.0 +/- 6.3 mumols l-1; mean +/- SD, p less than 0.001; n = 42) than those with progressive retinopathy during a two-year period (10.4 +/- 1.6 mumols l-1; n = 12), no or minimal retinopathy (10.7 +/- 4.3 mumols l-1; n = 25), and the control subjects (11.0 +/- 3.4 mumols l-1). Within the group of patients with proliferative retinopathy increased homocysteine levels were confined to those patients that had serum creatinine levels greater than 115 mumols l-1 and/or an albumin:creatinine clearance ratio greater than or equal to 0.02 x 10(-3) (17.0 +/- 5.9 mumols l-1; n = 23), whereas those with no or only minimal nephropathy had levels (12.1 +/- 5.5 mumols l-1; n = 18) that were not different from the control group. We conclude that neither type 1 diabetes mellitus nor diabetic retinopathy per se is associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels. In contrast, homocysteine accumulates, probably owing to reduced glomerular filtration, in diabetic patients with advanced nephropathy. This suggests that homocysteine might contribute to the accelerated development of macroangiopathy seen especially in this subgroup of diabetic patients. (Less)
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author
; ; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
diabetes mellitus, Homocysteine, renal insufficiency, retinopath
in
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
volume
51
issue
3
pages
277 - 282
publisher
Informa Healthcare
external identifiers
  • pmid:1882179
  • scopus:0025911079
  • pmid:1882179
ISSN
1502-7686
DOI
10.3109/00365519109091615
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Unit on Vascular Diabetic Complications (013241510), Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology (013250300)
id
a9a3713d-6a36-463f-a269-34c0004c325a (old id 1105885)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:33:23
date last changed
2020-09-06 04:39:25
@article{a9a3713d-6a36-463f-a269-34c0004c325a,
  abstract     = {The reactive vascular-injuring amino acid homocysteine was measured in plasma samples from 79 well-characterized type 1 diabetic patients and 46 control subjects. Patients with proliferative retinopathy had higher homocysteine levels (15.0 +/- 6.3 mumols l-1; mean +/- SD, p less than 0.001; n = 42) than those with progressive retinopathy during a two-year period (10.4 +/- 1.6 mumols l-1; n = 12), no or minimal retinopathy (10.7 +/- 4.3 mumols l-1; n = 25), and the control subjects (11.0 +/- 3.4 mumols l-1). Within the group of patients with proliferative retinopathy increased homocysteine levels were confined to those patients that had serum creatinine levels greater than 115 mumols l-1 and/or an albumin:creatinine clearance ratio greater than or equal to 0.02 x 10(-3) (17.0 +/- 5.9 mumols l-1; n = 23), whereas those with no or only minimal nephropathy had levels (12.1 +/- 5.5 mumols l-1; n = 18) that were not different from the control group. We conclude that neither type 1 diabetes mellitus nor diabetic retinopathy per se is associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels. In contrast, homocysteine accumulates, probably owing to reduced glomerular filtration, in diabetic patients with advanced nephropathy. This suggests that homocysteine might contribute to the accelerated development of macroangiopathy seen especially in this subgroup of diabetic patients.},
  author       = {Hultberg, Björn and Agardh, Elisabet and Andersson, A and Brattström, L and Isaksson, Anders and Israelsson, Bodil and Agardh, Carl-David},
  issn         = {1502-7686},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {277--282},
  publisher    = {Informa Healthcare},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation},
  title        = {Increased levels of plasma homocysteine are associated with nephropathy, but not severe retinopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365519109091615},
  doi          = {10.3109/00365519109091615},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {1991},
}