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The interglobular domain of cartilage aggrecan is cleaved by PUMP, gelatinases, and cathepsin B

Fosang, Amanda J; Neame, Peter J; Last, Karena; Hardingham, Tim E; Murphy, Gillian and Hamilton, John A (1992) In Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(27). p.19470-19474
Abstract
The action of three matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 72- and 95-kDa gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and PUMP (MMP-7), and a cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B, were investigated on aggrecan the major proteoglycan of cartilage. All the enzymes cleaved aggrecan although the activity of the 95-kDa gelatinase was very low. Specific cleavage sites were investigated following incubation with a purified aggrecan G1-G2 domain fragment (150 kDa). Both gelatinases produced 110-kDa G2 and 56-kDa G1 products by a single cleavage at an Asn-Phe bond within the interglobular domain close to the G1 domain. This was similar to the action of stromelysin (MMP-3) (Fosang, A. J., Neame, P. J., Hardingham, T. E., Murphy, G., and Hamilton, J. A. (1991) J. Biol.... (More)
The action of three matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 72- and 95-kDa gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and PUMP (MMP-7), and a cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B, were investigated on aggrecan the major proteoglycan of cartilage. All the enzymes cleaved aggrecan although the activity of the 95-kDa gelatinase was very low. Specific cleavage sites were investigated following incubation with a purified aggrecan G1-G2 domain fragment (150 kDa). Both gelatinases produced 110-kDa G2 and 56-kDa G1 products by a single cleavage at an Asn-Phe bond within the interglobular domain close to the G1 domain. This was similar to the action of stromelysin (MMP-3) (Fosang, A. J., Neame, P. J., Hardingham, T. E., Murphy, G., and Hamilton, J. A. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 15579-15582). Cathepsin B also produced two fragments from a single cleavage at a Gly-Val bond only three amino acids C-terminal to the metalloproteinase cleavage site. PUMP cleaved at the metalloproteinase Asn-Phe site, but in addition produced a low yield of a smaller G2 fragment (56 kDa) corresponding to cleavage between Asp441 and Leu442 (human sequence), within the interglobular domain, close to the G2 domain. The apparent difference in size between the two G2 fragments released by PUMP (110 and 56 kDa) was much greater than predicted from the peptide length between the cleavage sites (100 amino acids). However, keratanase digestion greatly reduced the size of the 110-kDa G2 fragment, while producing only a small reduction in size of the 56-kDa product, showing that there was approximately 30-40 kDa of keratan sulfate attached to the interglobular domain between the PUMP cleavage sites. This new structural information on aggrecan may account for the previously observed stiffness of the interglobular domains when viewed by rotary shadowing electron microscopy (Paulsson, M., Morgelin, M., Wiedemann, H., Beardmore-Gray, M., Dunham, D. G., Hardingham, T. E., Heinegard, D., Timpl, R., and Engel, J. (1987) Biochem. J. 245, 763-772). These results show that in spite of a high keratan sulfate content the interglobular domain provides important sites for cleavage by different proteinases, including several members of the matrix metalloproteinase family. (Less)
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Journal of Biological Chemistry
volume
267
issue
27
pages
19470 - 19474
publisher
ASBMB
external identifiers
  • pmid:1326552
  • scopus:0026701977
ISSN
1083-351X
language
English
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no
id
4d62fd4b-f951-45ab-a84b-55a85070c159 (old id 1106677)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1326552
http://www.jbc.org/content/267/27/19470.long
date added to LUP
2013-10-17 15:48:12
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2017-09-17 04:52:14
@article{4d62fd4b-f951-45ab-a84b-55a85070c159,
  abstract     = {The action of three matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 72- and 95-kDa gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and PUMP (MMP-7), and a cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B, were investigated on aggrecan the major proteoglycan of cartilage. All the enzymes cleaved aggrecan although the activity of the 95-kDa gelatinase was very low. Specific cleavage sites were investigated following incubation with a purified aggrecan G1-G2 domain fragment (150 kDa). Both gelatinases produced 110-kDa G2 and 56-kDa G1 products by a single cleavage at an Asn-Phe bond within the interglobular domain close to the G1 domain. This was similar to the action of stromelysin (MMP-3) (Fosang, A. J., Neame, P. J., Hardingham, T. E., Murphy, G., and Hamilton, J. A. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 15579-15582). Cathepsin B also produced two fragments from a single cleavage at a Gly-Val bond only three amino acids C-terminal to the metalloproteinase cleavage site. PUMP cleaved at the metalloproteinase Asn-Phe site, but in addition produced a low yield of a smaller G2 fragment (56 kDa) corresponding to cleavage between Asp441 and Leu442 (human sequence), within the interglobular domain, close to the G2 domain. The apparent difference in size between the two G2 fragments released by PUMP (110 and 56 kDa) was much greater than predicted from the peptide length between the cleavage sites (100 amino acids). However, keratanase digestion greatly reduced the size of the 110-kDa G2 fragment, while producing only a small reduction in size of the 56-kDa product, showing that there was approximately 30-40 kDa of keratan sulfate attached to the interglobular domain between the PUMP cleavage sites. This new structural information on aggrecan may account for the previously observed stiffness of the interglobular domains when viewed by rotary shadowing electron microscopy (Paulsson, M., Morgelin, M., Wiedemann, H., Beardmore-Gray, M., Dunham, D. G., Hardingham, T. E., Heinegard, D., Timpl, R., and Engel, J. (1987) Biochem. J. 245, 763-772). These results show that in spite of a high keratan sulfate content the interglobular domain provides important sites for cleavage by different proteinases, including several members of the matrix metalloproteinase family.},
  author       = {Fosang, Amanda J and Neame, Peter J and Last, Karena and Hardingham, Tim E and Murphy, Gillian and Hamilton, John A},
  issn         = {1083-351X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {27},
  pages        = {19470--19474},
  publisher    = {ASBMB},
  series       = {Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  title        = {The interglobular domain of cartilage aggrecan is cleaved by PUMP, gelatinases, and cathepsin B},
  volume       = {267},
  year         = {1992},
}