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Fv structure of monoclonal antibody II-481 against herpes simplex virus Fc gamma-binding glycoprotein gE contains immunodominant complementarity determining region epitopes that react with human immunoglobulin M rheumatoid factors

Johansson, Hugo LU ; Malone, C; Swietnicki, W; Dunn, B M and Williams, R C Jr (1994) In Journal of Experimental Medicine 180(5). p.1873-1888
Abstract
Human immunoglobulin M (IgM) rheumatoid factors (RFs) show primary direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity with Fab rather than Fc fragments of monoclonal antibody (mAb) II-481 directed against the Fc gamma-binding site of herpes simplex virus glycoprotein gE. This preferential anti-Fab specificity suggests that RFs react with antigen-binding portions of mAb II-481 as anti-idiotypic antibodies directed at the combining site regions of mAb reacting with the Fc gamma-binding region of gE. Analysis of this idiotype-anti-idiotype reaction employed polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of the variable heavy and light (VH and VL) regions of mAb II-481. When VH and VL regions of mAb II-481 were synthesized as... (More)
Human immunoglobulin M (IgM) rheumatoid factors (RFs) show primary direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity with Fab rather than Fc fragments of monoclonal antibody (mAb) II-481 directed against the Fc gamma-binding site of herpes simplex virus glycoprotein gE. This preferential anti-Fab specificity suggests that RFs react with antigen-binding portions of mAb II-481 as anti-idiotypic antibodies directed at the combining site regions of mAb reacting with the Fc gamma-binding region of gE. Analysis of this idiotype-anti-idiotype reaction employed polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of the variable heavy and light (VH and VL) regions of mAb II-481. When VH and VL regions of mAb II-481 were synthesized as overlapping 7-mer peptides on polypropylene pins, a panel of 10 polyclonal and 6 monoclonal human IgM RFs reacted primarily with epitopes within the three solvent-exposed mAb II-481 complementarity determining regions (CDRs). Preincubation of single CDR heptamer peptides with IgM RFs in free solution, resulted in 63-100% inhibition of RF binding to mAb II-481 on the ELISA plate, confirming the antigenic importance of linear CDR regions for RF reactivity. Combinations of two or three CDR peptides frequently produced 94-100% inhibition of RF binding to whole mAb II-481. Control peptides, singly or in combination, showed no inhibition. Computer modeling suggested that the RF-reactive mAb II-481 Fv region and a previously demonstrated RF-reactive CH3 epitope displayed considerable three-dimensional similarities in conformation. These studies may provide insight into limited shape homologies possibly involved in an RF anti-idiotypic reaction. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Experimental Medicine
volume
180
issue
5
pages
1873 - 1888
publisher
Rockefeller University Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:7964464
  • scopus:0028152944
ISSN
1540-9538
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
7a1d677a-ed65-4854-9670-a106bb0d33cc (old id 1107909)
alternative location
http://www.jem.org/cgi/reprint/180/5/1873
date added to LUP
2008-07-23 09:46:21
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:03:19
@article{7a1d677a-ed65-4854-9670-a106bb0d33cc,
  abstract     = {Human immunoglobulin M (IgM) rheumatoid factors (RFs) show primary direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity with Fab rather than Fc fragments of monoclonal antibody (mAb) II-481 directed against the Fc gamma-binding site of herpes simplex virus glycoprotein gE. This preferential anti-Fab specificity suggests that RFs react with antigen-binding portions of mAb II-481 as anti-idiotypic antibodies directed at the combining site regions of mAb reacting with the Fc gamma-binding region of gE. Analysis of this idiotype-anti-idiotype reaction employed polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of the variable heavy and light (VH and VL) regions of mAb II-481. When VH and VL regions of mAb II-481 were synthesized as overlapping 7-mer peptides on polypropylene pins, a panel of 10 polyclonal and 6 monoclonal human IgM RFs reacted primarily with epitopes within the three solvent-exposed mAb II-481 complementarity determining regions (CDRs). Preincubation of single CDR heptamer peptides with IgM RFs in free solution, resulted in 63-100% inhibition of RF binding to mAb II-481 on the ELISA plate, confirming the antigenic importance of linear CDR regions for RF reactivity. Combinations of two or three CDR peptides frequently produced 94-100% inhibition of RF binding to whole mAb II-481. Control peptides, singly or in combination, showed no inhibition. Computer modeling suggested that the RF-reactive mAb II-481 Fv region and a previously demonstrated RF-reactive CH3 epitope displayed considerable three-dimensional similarities in conformation. These studies may provide insight into limited shape homologies possibly involved in an RF anti-idiotypic reaction.},
  author       = {Johansson, Hugo and Malone, C and Swietnicki, W and Dunn, B M and Williams, R C Jr},
  issn         = {1540-9538},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1873--1888},
  publisher    = {Rockefeller University Press},
  series       = {Journal of Experimental Medicine},
  title        = {Fv structure of monoclonal antibody II-481 against herpes simplex virus Fc gamma-binding glycoprotein gE contains immunodominant complementarity determining region epitopes that react with human immunoglobulin M rheumatoid factors},
  volume       = {180},
  year         = {1994},
}