Advanced

Blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries during menstruation

Sladkevicius, Povilas LU ; Valentin, Lil LU and Marsal, Karel LU (1994) In Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 4(5). p.421-427
Abstract
Eleven healthy women with regular menstrual cycles were examined with a combination of two-dimensional real-time ultrasound and color and spectral Doppler techniques on the 7th day after follicular rupture, and on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th days of menstrual bleeding. Both uterine arteries, arteries in the stroma and hila of both ovaries, in the wall of the largest follicle of the non-dominant ovary and in the wall of the corpus luteum were examined with the Doppler technique. The pulsatility index (PI) and the time-averaged maximum velocity were calculated. In the uterine arteries, the PI was highest on the first day of menstrual bleeding (median PI 3.2 for the dominant and 3.0 for the non-dominant uterine artery), after which it decreased... (More)
Eleven healthy women with regular menstrual cycles were examined with a combination of two-dimensional real-time ultrasound and color and spectral Doppler techniques on the 7th day after follicular rupture, and on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th days of menstrual bleeding. Both uterine arteries, arteries in the stroma and hila of both ovaries, in the wall of the largest follicle of the non-dominant ovary and in the wall of the corpus luteum were examined with the Doppler technique. The pulsatility index (PI) and the time-averaged maximum velocity were calculated. In the uterine arteries, the PI was highest on the first day of menstrual bleeding (median PI 3.2 for the dominant and 3.0 for the non-dominant uterine artery), after which it decreased to its lowest values on the second day (median PI 2.1 and 1.8, respectively) and third day (median PI 2.2 and 2.1, respectively). The time-averaged maximum velocity reached its highest value on the second and third days of menstruation. The corpus luteum was still visible on the first day of menstrual bleeding in all women, and on the second day in five. It was indistinguishable on the third and fourth days of menstruation in all women. In the dominant ovary, the time-averaged maximum velocity of flow in the arteries in the ovarian hilum decreased during menstrual bleeding and was lower during menstruation than in the preceding luteal phase. In the non-dominant ovary, neither the PI nor the time-averaged maximum velocity manifested any consistent changes during the period studied. We conclude that substantial changes in PI and time-averaged maximum velocity occur in the uterine arteries and in the arteries of the dominant ovary during menstruation. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Doppler velocimetry, blood flow velocity, menstrual cycle, menstruation
in
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
volume
4
issue
5
pages
421 - 427
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • pmid:12797153
  • scopus:84989103758
ISSN
1469-0705
DOI
10.1046/j.1469-0705.1994.04050421.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5b184506-0c5a-4a51-b547-01e67bbaa3d3 (old id 1108445)
date added to LUP
2008-07-24 09:17:56
date last changed
2017-01-08 05:08:42
@article{5b184506-0c5a-4a51-b547-01e67bbaa3d3,
  abstract     = {Eleven healthy women with regular menstrual cycles were examined with a combination of two-dimensional real-time ultrasound and color and spectral Doppler techniques on the 7th day after follicular rupture, and on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th days of menstrual bleeding. Both uterine arteries, arteries in the stroma and hila of both ovaries, in the wall of the largest follicle of the non-dominant ovary and in the wall of the corpus luteum were examined with the Doppler technique. The pulsatility index (PI) and the time-averaged maximum velocity were calculated. In the uterine arteries, the PI was highest on the first day of menstrual bleeding (median PI 3.2 for the dominant and 3.0 for the non-dominant uterine artery), after which it decreased to its lowest values on the second day (median PI 2.1 and 1.8, respectively) and third day (median PI 2.2 and 2.1, respectively). The time-averaged maximum velocity reached its highest value on the second and third days of menstruation. The corpus luteum was still visible on the first day of menstrual bleeding in all women, and on the second day in five. It was indistinguishable on the third and fourth days of menstruation in all women. In the dominant ovary, the time-averaged maximum velocity of flow in the arteries in the ovarian hilum decreased during menstrual bleeding and was lower during menstruation than in the preceding luteal phase. In the non-dominant ovary, neither the PI nor the time-averaged maximum velocity manifested any consistent changes during the period studied. We conclude that substantial changes in PI and time-averaged maximum velocity occur in the uterine arteries and in the arteries of the dominant ovary during menstruation.},
  author       = {Sladkevicius, Povilas and Valentin, Lil and Marsal, Karel},
  issn         = {1469-0705},
  keyword      = {Doppler velocimetry,blood flow velocity,menstrual cycle,menstruation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {421--427},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology},
  title        = {Blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries during menstruation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1994.04050421.x},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {1994},
}