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Transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound examinations of the uterus and ovaries in healthy postmenopausal women

Sladkevicius, Povilas LU ; Valentin, Lil LU and Marsal, Karel LU (1995) In Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 6(2). p.81-90
Abstract
The aim of this study was to elicit reference data representative of normal findings at transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound examination of the uterus and ovaries in postmenopausal women. A total of 144 asymptomatic postmenopausal women with normal findings at clinical gynecological examination were included in the study. They underwent transvaginal sonography including Doppler measurements of blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries. Ninety-eight (68%) women had a normal uterus and normal or non-visible ovaries at ultrasound examination, 23 (16%) had small uterine myomas but normal or non-visible adnexa, 19 (13%) had small adnexal cysts but a normal uterus, and four (3%) had both small myomas and small adnexal... (More)
The aim of this study was to elicit reference data representative of normal findings at transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound examination of the uterus and ovaries in postmenopausal women. A total of 144 asymptomatic postmenopausal women with normal findings at clinical gynecological examination were included in the study. They underwent transvaginal sonography including Doppler measurements of blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries. Ninety-eight (68%) women had a normal uterus and normal or non-visible ovaries at ultrasound examination, 23 (16%) had small uterine myomas but normal or non-visible adnexa, 19 (13%) had small adnexal cysts but a normal uterus, and four (3%) had both small myomas and small adnexal cysts. The median time-averaged maximum velocity (TAMXV) and pulsatility index (PI) values for the right and left uterine artery of normal uteri (n = 117) were 10.4 cm/s (range 2.2-43.0) and 10.6 cm/s (2.9-30.8), and 2.33 (0.97-5.13) and 2.35 (0.98-4.58), respectively. Median volumes of the normal right (n = 93) and left ovaries (n = 90) were 1.3 cm3 (0.4-3.7) and 1.2 cm3 (0.4-3.0), respectively, and median TAMXV and PI values for the stromal arteries in the normal right (n = 53) and left ovaries (n = 54) were 2.1 cm/s (1.3-4.6) and 2.3 cm/s (1.1-7.3), and 1.31 (0.65-2.61) and 1.26 (0.63-1.85), respectively. Our results provide a basis for gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound studies of pathological conditions in the female pelvis after the menopause. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ovary, uterine arteries, uterus, ovarian arteries, ultrasound, Doppler velocimetry
in
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
volume
6
issue
2
pages
81 - 90
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:0029348186
ISSN
1469-0705
DOI
10.1046/j.1469-0705.1995.06020081.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ed498b89-ff58-48a3-8d2c-7aba8e00b750 (old id 1109516)
date added to LUP
2008-07-28 16:19:42
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:31:43
@article{ed498b89-ff58-48a3-8d2c-7aba8e00b750,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to elicit reference data representative of normal findings at transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound examination of the uterus and ovaries in postmenopausal women. A total of 144 asymptomatic postmenopausal women with normal findings at clinical gynecological examination were included in the study. They underwent transvaginal sonography including Doppler measurements of blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries. Ninety-eight (68%) women had a normal uterus and normal or non-visible ovaries at ultrasound examination, 23 (16%) had small uterine myomas but normal or non-visible adnexa, 19 (13%) had small adnexal cysts but a normal uterus, and four (3%) had both small myomas and small adnexal cysts. The median time-averaged maximum velocity (TAMXV) and pulsatility index (PI) values for the right and left uterine artery of normal uteri (n = 117) were 10.4 cm/s (range 2.2-43.0) and 10.6 cm/s (2.9-30.8), and 2.33 (0.97-5.13) and 2.35 (0.98-4.58), respectively. Median volumes of the normal right (n = 93) and left ovaries (n = 90) were 1.3 cm3 (0.4-3.7) and 1.2 cm3 (0.4-3.0), respectively, and median TAMXV and PI values for the stromal arteries in the normal right (n = 53) and left ovaries (n = 54) were 2.1 cm/s (1.3-4.6) and 2.3 cm/s (1.1-7.3), and 1.31 (0.65-2.61) and 1.26 (0.63-1.85), respectively. Our results provide a basis for gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound studies of pathological conditions in the female pelvis after the menopause.},
  author       = {Sladkevicius, Povilas and Valentin, Lil and Marsal, Karel},
  issn         = {1469-0705},
  keyword      = {ovary,uterine arteries,uterus,ovarian arteries,ultrasound,Doppler velocimetry},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {81--90},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology},
  title        = {Transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound examinations of the uterus and ovaries in healthy postmenopausal women},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1995.06020081.x},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {1995},
}