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Sexually transmitted diseases in Swedish women with experience of casual sex with men of foreign nationalities within Sweden

Arvidson, Maria; Hellberg, Dan and Mårdh, Per-Anders LU (1995) In Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 74(10). p.794-798
Abstract
BACKGROUND. This study was performed in women who had attended the clinic for contraceptive advice to determine whether a history of casual sex with a foreign male, previously unknown to them (SFM) in their home country (Sweden), constituted an increased risk for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) as compared to women without such an experience (COMP). METHODS. Of 996 women enrolled, and who were subjected to a structured deep-interview performed by midwives, 595 (59.7%) stated that they had experienced casual sex within Sweden with for them a previously unknown Swedish male (SSM). RESULTS. A history of SFM was reported by 120 (12.0%) women. A history of chlamydial infection (26.0%) and gonorrhea (13.0%) were more common in the... (More)
BACKGROUND. This study was performed in women who had attended the clinic for contraceptive advice to determine whether a history of casual sex with a foreign male, previously unknown to them (SFM) in their home country (Sweden), constituted an increased risk for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) as compared to women without such an experience (COMP). METHODS. Of 996 women enrolled, and who were subjected to a structured deep-interview performed by midwives, 595 (59.7%) stated that they had experienced casual sex within Sweden with for them a previously unknown Swedish male (SSM). RESULTS. A history of SFM was reported by 120 (12.0%) women. A history of chlamydial infection (26.0%) and gonorrhea (13.0%) were more common in the SFM women than in either the COMP (16.0% and 3.0%) or the SSM (19.0% and 4.0%) groups. Genital warts (8.0%) and bacterial vaginosis (23.0%) were found more often in the SFM group as compared to both the COMP (3.0% and 12.0%) and the SSM (4.0% and 13.0%) group. Women in the SFM group more often had a current genital chlamydial infection (13.0%) than those in the COMP group (8.0%). When adjustment was made for markers of sexual risk taking, only genital warts remained significantly (p = 0.05) associated with SFM as compared to both SSM and COMP. CONCLUSIONS. To conclude, the study shows that women with experience of SFM had, more often, a history of one or more STDs and were more often carriers of STD agents than those lacking experience of SFM and/or SSM. However, there was no such difference when comparing the SFM and SSM women when making adjustments for sexual risk behavior. Thus a sexual risky lifestyle is more important than the origin of the sex partner for acquiring STDs with possible exception of HIV/AIDS in the society studied. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
casual sex, sexual risk behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, travelling
in
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
volume
74
issue
10
pages
794 - 798
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:8533562
  • scopus:0029562990
ISSN
1600-0412
DOI
10.3109/00016349509021199
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
a251683f-5a10-4068-931d-8027e19b29bf (old id 1109647)
date added to LUP
2008-07-29 12:12:01
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:55:05
@article{a251683f-5a10-4068-931d-8027e19b29bf,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND. This study was performed in women who had attended the clinic for contraceptive advice to determine whether a history of casual sex with a foreign male, previously unknown to them (SFM) in their home country (Sweden), constituted an increased risk for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) as compared to women without such an experience (COMP). METHODS. Of 996 women enrolled, and who were subjected to a structured deep-interview performed by midwives, 595 (59.7%) stated that they had experienced casual sex within Sweden with for them a previously unknown Swedish male (SSM). RESULTS. A history of SFM was reported by 120 (12.0%) women. A history of chlamydial infection (26.0%) and gonorrhea (13.0%) were more common in the SFM women than in either the COMP (16.0% and 3.0%) or the SSM (19.0% and 4.0%) groups. Genital warts (8.0%) and bacterial vaginosis (23.0%) were found more often in the SFM group as compared to both the COMP (3.0% and 12.0%) and the SSM (4.0% and 13.0%) group. Women in the SFM group more often had a current genital chlamydial infection (13.0%) than those in the COMP group (8.0%). When adjustment was made for markers of sexual risk taking, only genital warts remained significantly (p = 0.05) associated with SFM as compared to both SSM and COMP. CONCLUSIONS. To conclude, the study shows that women with experience of SFM had, more often, a history of one or more STDs and were more often carriers of STD agents than those lacking experience of SFM and/or SSM. However, there was no such difference when comparing the SFM and SSM women when making adjustments for sexual risk behavior. Thus a sexual risky lifestyle is more important than the origin of the sex partner for acquiring STDs with possible exception of HIV/AIDS in the society studied.},
  author       = {Arvidson, Maria and Hellberg, Dan and Mårdh, Per-Anders},
  issn         = {1600-0412},
  keyword      = {casual sex,sexual risk behavior,sexually transmitted diseases,travelling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {794--798},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Sexually transmitted diseases in Swedish women with experience of casual sex with men of foreign nationalities within Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016349509021199},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {1995},
}