Advanced

The effect of the non-ionic contrast medium iohexol on glomerular and tubular function in diabetic patients

Apelqvist, J; Torffvit, O and Agardh, Carl-David LU (1996) In Diabetic Medicine 13(5). p.487-492
Abstract
The effect of the non-ionic contrast medium iohexol (Omnipaque) on renal function was investigated in diabetic patients with signs of peripheral ischaemia. Forty-six patients, 70 +/- 11 years (mean +/- SD) old, age at diabetes diagnosis 53 +/- 17 years, and with varying degrees of diabetic nephropathy were studied before 1, 2, and 30 days after aortobifemoral arteriography. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, urinary excretion of immunoglobulin G, albumin collagen IV (NC1), kappa and lambda chains, alpha-1 microglobulin and Tamm-Horsfall protein were evaluated. Within 1 month before and 30 days after arteriography, the glomerular filtration rate was measured by clearance of iohexol. The acute effect of the radiocontrast medium was an... (More)
The effect of the non-ionic contrast medium iohexol (Omnipaque) on renal function was investigated in diabetic patients with signs of peripheral ischaemia. Forty-six patients, 70 +/- 11 years (mean +/- SD) old, age at diabetes diagnosis 53 +/- 17 years, and with varying degrees of diabetic nephropathy were studied before 1, 2, and 30 days after aortobifemoral arteriography. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, urinary excretion of immunoglobulin G, albumin collagen IV (NC1), kappa and lambda chains, alpha-1 microglobulin and Tamm-Horsfall protein were evaluated. Within 1 month before and 30 days after arteriography, the glomerular filtration rate was measured by clearance of iohexol. The acute effect of the radiocontrast medium was an increase in the serum creatinine level in 41 (89%) patients, with a more than 25% increase in 12 (26%) patients. The excretion rates of immunoglobulin G and albumin decreased, whereas the proximal and distal tubular function and the excretion of collagen IV did not change. The increment in serum creatinine was associated with the preangiographic renal function (p < 0.05), a history of heart failure (p < 0.01), but not with age, duration and type of diabetes, gender, systolic or diastolic blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc) or blood glucose levels. The increase of serum creatinine was associated with a pre-existing proximal tubular dysfunction and a worsening of distal tubular function. No changes in the parameters measured persisted 30 days after angiography. In summary, a transient increment in serum creatinine level after arteriography occurred in 89% of diabetic patients. It was associated with the preangiographic renal function, a history of heart failure and signs of preexisting proximal tubular dysfunction and worsening of distal tubular function. However, these changes were reversible. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Diabetic Medicine
volume
13
issue
5
pages
487 - 492
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:8737033
  • scopus:0029971931
ISSN
1464-5491
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fe882970-3516-49ea-9676-24481049acd4 (old id 1110225)
date added to LUP
2008-07-21 10:19:26
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:08:33
@article{fe882970-3516-49ea-9676-24481049acd4,
  abstract     = {The effect of the non-ionic contrast medium iohexol (Omnipaque) on renal function was investigated in diabetic patients with signs of peripheral ischaemia. Forty-six patients, 70 +/- 11 years (mean +/- SD) old, age at diabetes diagnosis 53 +/- 17 years, and with varying degrees of diabetic nephropathy were studied before 1, 2, and 30 days after aortobifemoral arteriography. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, urinary excretion of immunoglobulin G, albumin collagen IV (NC1), kappa and lambda chains, alpha-1 microglobulin and Tamm-Horsfall protein were evaluated. Within 1 month before and 30 days after arteriography, the glomerular filtration rate was measured by clearance of iohexol. The acute effect of the radiocontrast medium was an increase in the serum creatinine level in 41 (89%) patients, with a more than 25% increase in 12 (26%) patients. The excretion rates of immunoglobulin G and albumin decreased, whereas the proximal and distal tubular function and the excretion of collagen IV did not change. The increment in serum creatinine was associated with the preangiographic renal function (p &lt; 0.05), a history of heart failure (p &lt; 0.01), but not with age, duration and type of diabetes, gender, systolic or diastolic blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc) or blood glucose levels. The increase of serum creatinine was associated with a pre-existing proximal tubular dysfunction and a worsening of distal tubular function. No changes in the parameters measured persisted 30 days after angiography. In summary, a transient increment in serum creatinine level after arteriography occurred in 89% of diabetic patients. It was associated with the preangiographic renal function, a history of heart failure and signs of preexisting proximal tubular dysfunction and worsening of distal tubular function. However, these changes were reversible.},
  author       = {Apelqvist, J and Torffvit, O and Agardh, Carl-David},
  issn         = {1464-5491},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {487--492},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Diabetic Medicine},
  title        = {The effect of the non-ionic contrast medium iohexol on glomerular and tubular function in diabetic patients},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {1996},
}