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The importance of early diagnosis of treatable diabetic retinopathy for the four-year visual outcome in older-onset diabetes mellitus

Agardh, Elisabet LU ; Agardh, Carl-David LU ; Hansson-Lundblad, C and Cavallin-Sjoberg, U (1996) In Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica1998-01-01+01:002008-01-01+01:00 74(2). p.166-170
Abstract
The four-year visual outcome was retrospectively studied in patients with older-onset diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in need of laser treatment. Visual acuity in 53 patients examined by ophthalmologists who referred the patients for an evaluation of retinopathy before laser treatment, was compared to that of 47 patients examined by ophthalmologists who also performed the photocoagulation. The number of eyes that became blind (visual acuity < or = 6/60) during the four-year period was higher (23/90 vs 9/91; p < 0.01) among referred patients, whereas the number of retinal examinations per patient during the three-year period prior to laser treatment did not differ between the two groups. Among referred patients, 13% had not... (More)
The four-year visual outcome was retrospectively studied in patients with older-onset diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in need of laser treatment. Visual acuity in 53 patients examined by ophthalmologists who referred the patients for an evaluation of retinopathy before laser treatment, was compared to that of 47 patients examined by ophthalmologists who also performed the photocoagulation. The number of eyes that became blind (visual acuity < or = 6/60) during the four-year period was higher (23/90 vs 9/91; p < 0.01) among referred patients, whereas the number of retinal examinations per patient during the three-year period prior to laser treatment did not differ between the two groups. Among referred patients, 13% had not been ophthalmologically examined before the treatment-requiring retinopathy was found. Corresponding figure for those examined at the laser centre was 23%. Severe macular oedema in regularly examined patients was more common among referred patients (9/30 vs 1/32; p < 0.01). The results indicate that screening for diabetic retinopathy in older-onset diabetes was not performed satisfactorily. In addition, laser treatment was delayed in older-onset diabetic patients controlled by ophthalmologists who referred patients for photocoagulation, resulting in an increased incidence of legally blind eyes. The study also stresses the importance of carrying out knowledge of when and how to diagnose early sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy to ophthalmologists referring patients for laser treatment. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica1998-01-01+01:002008-01-01+01:00
volume
74
issue
2
pages
166 - 170
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:8739684
  • scopus:0029871165
ISSN
1395-3907
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3c5f3c4e-a293-4949-bcb8-d57110bdaf46 (old id 1110338)
date added to LUP
2008-07-21 09:05:00
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:40:32
@article{3c5f3c4e-a293-4949-bcb8-d57110bdaf46,
  abstract     = {The four-year visual outcome was retrospectively studied in patients with older-onset diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in need of laser treatment. Visual acuity in 53 patients examined by ophthalmologists who referred the patients for an evaluation of retinopathy before laser treatment, was compared to that of 47 patients examined by ophthalmologists who also performed the photocoagulation. The number of eyes that became blind (visual acuity &lt; or = 6/60) during the four-year period was higher (23/90 vs 9/91; p &lt; 0.01) among referred patients, whereas the number of retinal examinations per patient during the three-year period prior to laser treatment did not differ between the two groups. Among referred patients, 13% had not been ophthalmologically examined before the treatment-requiring retinopathy was found. Corresponding figure for those examined at the laser centre was 23%. Severe macular oedema in regularly examined patients was more common among referred patients (9/30 vs 1/32; p &lt; 0.01). The results indicate that screening for diabetic retinopathy in older-onset diabetes was not performed satisfactorily. In addition, laser treatment was delayed in older-onset diabetic patients controlled by ophthalmologists who referred patients for photocoagulation, resulting in an increased incidence of legally blind eyes. The study also stresses the importance of carrying out knowledge of when and how to diagnose early sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy to ophthalmologists referring patients for laser treatment.},
  author       = {Agardh, Elisabet and Agardh, Carl-David and Hansson-Lundblad, C and Cavallin-Sjoberg, U},
  issn         = {1395-3907},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {166--170},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica1998-01-01+01:002008-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {The importance of early diagnosis of treatable diabetic retinopathy for the four-year visual outcome in older-onset diabetes mellitus},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {1996},
}