Advanced

The use of beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists in the treatment of bronchial asthma

Svedmyr, N and Löfdahl, Claes-Göran LU (1996) In Pharmacology and Toxicology 78(1). p.3-11
Abstract
All guidelines recommend short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists as the first-line drugs in acute asthma attacks and inhaled corticosteroids as the drugs of choice when regular daily treatment is needed. Short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists are not effective in reducing nocturnal awakenings because of their short duration of action. In addition there has been an intense debate about the regular use of these drugs. This debate is reviewed. They should only be used on "as needed basis". The Swedish guidelines for the treatment of asthma were the first to recommend the new long-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists at relatively early stage of the illness (800 micrograms daily of inhaled corticosteroids). Two... (More)
All guidelines recommend short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists as the first-line drugs in acute asthma attacks and inhaled corticosteroids as the drugs of choice when regular daily treatment is needed. Short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists are not effective in reducing nocturnal awakenings because of their short duration of action. In addition there has been an intense debate about the regular use of these drugs. This debate is reviewed. They should only be used on "as needed basis". The Swedish guidelines for the treatment of asthma were the first to recommend the new long-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists at relatively early stage of the illness (800 micrograms daily of inhaled corticosteroids). Two recently completed large multicentre studies with salmeterol in asthmatics support this opinion. Both studies showed a better asthma control with a combination of a low inhaled steroid dose and salmeterol compared to a doubling of the steroid dose. In most asthmatic patients, still symptomatic on inhaled steroids doses 400 to 800 micrograms daily, a test of the addition of inhaled salmeterol is recommended. The steroid dose can be kept low and safe. However, asthmatic patients with either frequent or severe exacerbations should primarily have their steroid dose increased. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Pharmacology and Toxicology
volume
78
issue
1
pages
3 - 11
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:8685084
  • scopus:0030061480
ISSN
1600-0773
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2dcb4b10-93c1-4d66-923c-e8d6ff1e5410 (old id 1110648)
date added to LUP
2008-07-30 09:01:39
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:05:30
@article{2dcb4b10-93c1-4d66-923c-e8d6ff1e5410,
  abstract     = {All guidelines recommend short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists as the first-line drugs in acute asthma attacks and inhaled corticosteroids as the drugs of choice when regular daily treatment is needed. Short-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists are not effective in reducing nocturnal awakenings because of their short duration of action. In addition there has been an intense debate about the regular use of these drugs. This debate is reviewed. They should only be used on "as needed basis". The Swedish guidelines for the treatment of asthma were the first to recommend the new long-acting inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists at relatively early stage of the illness (800 micrograms daily of inhaled corticosteroids). Two recently completed large multicentre studies with salmeterol in asthmatics support this opinion. Both studies showed a better asthma control with a combination of a low inhaled steroid dose and salmeterol compared to a doubling of the steroid dose. In most asthmatic patients, still symptomatic on inhaled steroids doses 400 to 800 micrograms daily, a test of the addition of inhaled salmeterol is recommended. The steroid dose can be kept low and safe. However, asthmatic patients with either frequent or severe exacerbations should primarily have their steroid dose increased.},
  author       = {Svedmyr, N and Löfdahl, Claes-Göran},
  issn         = {1600-0773},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {3--11},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Pharmacology and Toxicology},
  title        = {The use of beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists in the treatment of bronchial asthma},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {1996},
}