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Health beliefs and heart disease risk among middle-aged Swedish men. Results from screening in an urban primary care district

Troein, Margareta LU ; Råstam, Lennart LU and Selander, S (1997) In Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care 15(4). p.198-202
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between individual health beliefs and risk factors for coronary heart disease. DESIGN: Health beliefs indices, formed by factorial analysis of ratings of statements on health related matters in a questionnaire, were related to risk factors for coronary heart disease, assessed with physical examinations and self reports of medical history and habits. SETTING: An urban primary care district in Malmo, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A random sample of middle-aged men, invited to a health check-up. RESULTS: The participation rate was 453/705 (64%). "Perceived threat to health caused by illness" was positively related to previous information on high blood pressure, high plasma cholesterol, and/or diabetes (p = 0.01). In a... (More)
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between individual health beliefs and risk factors for coronary heart disease. DESIGN: Health beliefs indices, formed by factorial analysis of ratings of statements on health related matters in a questionnaire, were related to risk factors for coronary heart disease, assessed with physical examinations and self reports of medical history and habits. SETTING: An urban primary care district in Malmo, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A random sample of middle-aged men, invited to a health check-up. RESULTS: The participation rate was 453/705 (64%). "Perceived threat to health caused by illness" was positively related to previous information on high blood pressure, high plasma cholesterol, and/or diabetes (p = 0.01). In a model of logistic regression, adjusted for age, cohabitation, and previous medical history, health belief index on "threat to health" was related to low exercise habits (RR = 1.06, CI 1.01, 1.12). "Perceived control over illness" was related to high alcohol consumption (RR = 0.86, CI 0.75, 0.97), smoking (RR = 0.89, CI 0.79, 0.99), and high diastolic blood pressure (RR = 0.84, CI 0.75, 0.95). CONCLUSION: This cross-sectional study demonstrates relations between health beliefs, previous health-related experiences, and risk behaviour. To explore the causality of the former, longitudinal studies of changes in health beliefs after medical information are required. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
volume
15
issue
4
pages
198 - 202
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:9444724
  • scopus:0030679648
ISSN
0281-3432
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
47674890-777b-49c3-9017-9db13b519bf6 (old id 1111236)
date added to LUP
2008-07-17 09:55:42
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:48:48
@article{47674890-777b-49c3-9017-9db13b519bf6,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between individual health beliefs and risk factors for coronary heart disease. DESIGN: Health beliefs indices, formed by factorial analysis of ratings of statements on health related matters in a questionnaire, were related to risk factors for coronary heart disease, assessed with physical examinations and self reports of medical history and habits. SETTING: An urban primary care district in Malmo, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A random sample of middle-aged men, invited to a health check-up. RESULTS: The participation rate was 453/705 (64%). "Perceived threat to health caused by illness" was positively related to previous information on high blood pressure, high plasma cholesterol, and/or diabetes (p = 0.01). In a model of logistic regression, adjusted for age, cohabitation, and previous medical history, health belief index on "threat to health" was related to low exercise habits (RR = 1.06, CI 1.01, 1.12). "Perceived control over illness" was related to high alcohol consumption (RR = 0.86, CI 0.75, 0.97), smoking (RR = 0.89, CI 0.79, 0.99), and high diastolic blood pressure (RR = 0.84, CI 0.75, 0.95). CONCLUSION: This cross-sectional study demonstrates relations between health beliefs, previous health-related experiences, and risk behaviour. To explore the causality of the former, longitudinal studies of changes in health beliefs after medical information are required.},
  author       = {Troein, Margareta and Råstam, Lennart and Selander, S},
  issn         = {0281-3432},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {198--202},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care},
  title        = {Health beliefs and heart disease risk among middle-aged Swedish men. Results from screening in an urban primary care district},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {1997},
}