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NANC transmitters in the female pig urethra--localization and modulation of release via alpha 2-adrenoceptors and potassium channels

Werkström, Viktoria LU ; Persson, Katarina LU and Andersson, Karl-Erik LU (1997) In British Journal of Pharmacology 121(8). p.1605-1612
Abstract
1. To investigate further the release, localization and identity of a non-nitrergic mediator of smooth muscle relaxation in the female pig urethra, we studied the effects of drugs acting at alpha 2-adrenoceptors or K+ channels, the effects of capsaicin and chemical sympathectomy, and the actions of several transmitter candidates. 2. Electrical field stimulation (EFS; frequencies above 12 Hz) of spontaneously contracted smooth muscle strips from the female pig urethra evoked long-lasting, frequency-dependent relaxations in the presence of prazosin, scopolamine, and NG-nitro-L-arginine. Treatment with the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist UK-14 304 markedly reduced the relaxations evoked by EFS at all frequencies tested (16-30 Hz). The... (More)
1. To investigate further the release, localization and identity of a non-nitrergic mediator of smooth muscle relaxation in the female pig urethra, we studied the effects of drugs acting at alpha 2-adrenoceptors or K+ channels, the effects of capsaicin and chemical sympathectomy, and the actions of several transmitter candidates. 2. Electrical field stimulation (EFS; frequencies above 12 Hz) of spontaneously contracted smooth muscle strips from the female pig urethra evoked long-lasting, frequency-dependent relaxations in the presence of prazosin, scopolamine, and NG-nitro-L-arginine. Treatment with the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist UK-14 304 markedly reduced the relaxations evoked by EFS at all frequencies tested (16-30 Hz). The inhibitory effect of UK-14 304 was completely antagonized by the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine. The muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist, pirenzepine, or exogenously administered carbachol, did not have any effects on the electrically evoked relaxations. 3. Inhibition of high conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels by iberiotoxin or charybdotoxin significantly enhanced the relaxations evoked by EFS at all frequencies. However, inhibition of voltage-sensitive K+ channels with 4-aminopyridine or dendrotoxin-1, treatment with the ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker, glibenclamide, or treatment with the high and low conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channel blockers, tetraethylammonium chloride and apamin, had no effect on the relaxations evoked by EFS. 4. Electrically evoked relaxations were not affected by adrenergic denervation with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) at any frequency. However, treatment with 6-OHDA abolished prazosin-sensitive electrically induced contractions, and a long-lasting relaxation was revealed. Treatment with capsaicin, believed to damage selectively a subpopulation of primary afferent fibres, did not affect basal tone or relaxations evoked by EFS. 5. Exogenously applied vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP)-27, PACAP-38, adenosine, ATP and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine caused relaxations of the urethral preparations, whereas prostaglandin E2 and calcitonin gene-related peptide had no effects. VIP 10-28, alpha, beta-methylene-ATP, reactive blue-2, suramin or indomethacin did not reduce the electrically-evoked relaxations at any frequency. However, the relaxations were slightly reduced by trypsin or alpha-chymotrypsin. 6. The present results suggest that the release of the unknown mediator in the female pig urethra can be modulated via alpha 2-adrenoceptors and high conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels. Furthermore, the mediator does not appear to be localized to or released from adrenergic or capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerve-endings. The identity of the transmitter remains to be established. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
alpha-Adrenoceptors, capsaicin, neurotransmission, non-adrenergic non-cholinergic, potassium channels, presynaptic, relaxation, smooth muscle, urethra, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
in
British Journal of Pharmacology
volume
121
issue
8
pages
1605 - 1612
publisher
The British Pharmacological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:9283693
  • scopus:0030759361
ISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0701308
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6f64a6f4-67f9-4f8a-ba8d-57d46ebcd731 (old id 1111687)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 10:47:44
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:40:50
@article{6f64a6f4-67f9-4f8a-ba8d-57d46ebcd731,
  abstract     = {1. To investigate further the release, localization and identity of a non-nitrergic mediator of smooth muscle relaxation in the female pig urethra, we studied the effects of drugs acting at alpha 2-adrenoceptors or K+ channels, the effects of capsaicin and chemical sympathectomy, and the actions of several transmitter candidates. 2. Electrical field stimulation (EFS; frequencies above 12 Hz) of spontaneously contracted smooth muscle strips from the female pig urethra evoked long-lasting, frequency-dependent relaxations in the presence of prazosin, scopolamine, and NG-nitro-L-arginine. Treatment with the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist UK-14 304 markedly reduced the relaxations evoked by EFS at all frequencies tested (16-30 Hz). The inhibitory effect of UK-14 304 was completely antagonized by the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine. The muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist, pirenzepine, or exogenously administered carbachol, did not have any effects on the electrically evoked relaxations. 3. Inhibition of high conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels by iberiotoxin or charybdotoxin significantly enhanced the relaxations evoked by EFS at all frequencies. However, inhibition of voltage-sensitive K+ channels with 4-aminopyridine or dendrotoxin-1, treatment with the ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker, glibenclamide, or treatment with the high and low conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channel blockers, tetraethylammonium chloride and apamin, had no effect on the relaxations evoked by EFS. 4. Electrically evoked relaxations were not affected by adrenergic denervation with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) at any frequency. However, treatment with 6-OHDA abolished prazosin-sensitive electrically induced contractions, and a long-lasting relaxation was revealed. Treatment with capsaicin, believed to damage selectively a subpopulation of primary afferent fibres, did not affect basal tone or relaxations evoked by EFS. 5. Exogenously applied vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP)-27, PACAP-38, adenosine, ATP and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine caused relaxations of the urethral preparations, whereas prostaglandin E2 and calcitonin gene-related peptide had no effects. VIP 10-28, alpha, beta-methylene-ATP, reactive blue-2, suramin or indomethacin did not reduce the electrically-evoked relaxations at any frequency. However, the relaxations were slightly reduced by trypsin or alpha-chymotrypsin. 6. The present results suggest that the release of the unknown mediator in the female pig urethra can be modulated via alpha 2-adrenoceptors and high conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels. Furthermore, the mediator does not appear to be localized to or released from adrenergic or capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerve-endings. The identity of the transmitter remains to be established.},
  author       = {Werkström, Viktoria and Persson, Katarina and Andersson, Karl-Erik},
  issn         = {1476-5381},
  keyword      = {alpha-Adrenoceptors,capsaicin,neurotransmission,non-adrenergic non-cholinergic,potassium channels,presynaptic,relaxation,smooth muscle,urethra,vasoactive intestinal polypeptide},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1605--1612},
  publisher    = {The British Pharmacological Society},
  series       = {British Journal of Pharmacology},
  title        = {NANC transmitters in the female pig urethra--localization and modulation of release via alpha 2-adrenoceptors and potassium channels},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0701308},
  volume       = {121},
  year         = {1997},
}