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Regional cerebral blood flow (SPECT) during anaesthesia with isoflurane and nitrous oxide in humans

Reinstrup, Peter LU ; Ryding, Erik LU ; Algotsson, Lars LU ; Berntman, Leif and Uski, Tore LU (1997) In British Journal of Anaesthesia 78(4). p.407-411
Abstract
Nitrous oxide and isoflurane have different effects on absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF) and regional distribution of CBF in humans. In this study we examined the effects of isoflurane in combination with nitrous oxide on CBF. We studied 10 patients (two groups of five patients, ASA I) anaesthetized with 50% nitrous oxide and either 0.5 or 1.0 MAC of isoflurane during normocapnia (PaCO2 5.7 kPa) using two-dimensional CBF measurement (CBFxenon) (i.v. 133xenon washout technique) and a three-dimensional method for measurement of regional CBF (rCBF) distribution with SPECT (single photon emission computer-aided tomography with 99mTc- HMPAO). The results were compared with 1.0 MAC of isoflurane from a previous study performed in exactly the... (More)
Nitrous oxide and isoflurane have different effects on absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF) and regional distribution of CBF in humans. In this study we examined the effects of isoflurane in combination with nitrous oxide on CBF. We studied 10 patients (two groups of five patients, ASA I) anaesthetized with 50% nitrous oxide and either 0.5 or 1.0 MAC of isoflurane during normocapnia (PaCO2 5.7 kPa) using two-dimensional CBF measurement (CBFxenon) (i.v. 133xenon washout technique) and a three-dimensional method for measurement of regional CBF (rCBF) distribution with SPECT (single photon emission computer-aided tomography with 99mTc- HMPAO). The results were compared with 1.0 MAC of isoflurane from a previous study performed in exactly the same way as the present investigation. During normocapnia, anaesthesia with 50% nitrous oxide and 0.5 MAC of isoflurane resulted in a mean CBFxenon of 45 (SEM 5) ISI units. Increasing the isoflurane concentration to 1.0 MAC had no significant effect on mean CBFxenon (53 (5) ISI units). Both flow values were significantly (P = 0.01) higher than the CBFxenon value obtained when 1 MAC of isoflurane was administered alone (33 (3) ISI units). There were no significant differences in rCBF distribution regardless of whether or not isoflurane was given alone or together with nitrous oxide at 0.5 or 1 MAC. In all situations there were higher relative flows in subcortical regions (thalamus and basal ganglia, 10%) and in the pons (7-10% above average). rCBF in the cerebellum was approximately 10% greater than average. In summary, we have found that mean CBF was greater with combined nitrous oxide and isoflurane anaesthesia than previously found with isoflurane alone; however, relative flow distribution was similar. (Less)
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author
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Contribution to journal
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published
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in
British Journal of Anaesthesia
volume
78
issue
4
pages
407 - 411
publisher
Macmillan
external identifiers
  • pmid:9135362
  • scopus:0030990927
ISSN
1471-6771
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cce9d70e-0e96-4b95-b688-99bc1d5df181 (old id 1111781)
alternative location
http://bja.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/78/4/407
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 12:31:57
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:27:44
@article{cce9d70e-0e96-4b95-b688-99bc1d5df181,
  abstract     = {Nitrous oxide and isoflurane have different effects on absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF) and regional distribution of CBF in humans. In this study we examined the effects of isoflurane in combination with nitrous oxide on CBF. We studied 10 patients (two groups of five patients, ASA I) anaesthetized with 50% nitrous oxide and either 0.5 or 1.0 MAC of isoflurane during normocapnia (PaCO2 5.7 kPa) using two-dimensional CBF measurement (CBFxenon) (i.v. 133xenon washout technique) and a three-dimensional method for measurement of regional CBF (rCBF) distribution with SPECT (single photon emission computer-aided tomography with 99mTc- HMPAO). The results were compared with 1.0 MAC of isoflurane from a previous study performed in exactly the same way as the present investigation. During normocapnia, anaesthesia with 50% nitrous oxide and 0.5 MAC of isoflurane resulted in a mean CBFxenon of 45 (SEM 5) ISI units. Increasing the isoflurane concentration to 1.0 MAC had no significant effect on mean CBFxenon (53 (5) ISI units). Both flow values were significantly (P = 0.01) higher than the CBFxenon value obtained when 1 MAC of isoflurane was administered alone (33 (3) ISI units). There were no significant differences in rCBF distribution regardless of whether or not isoflurane was given alone or together with nitrous oxide at 0.5 or 1 MAC. In all situations there were higher relative flows in subcortical regions (thalamus and basal ganglia, 10%) and in the pons (7-10% above average). rCBF in the cerebellum was approximately 10% greater than average. In summary, we have found that mean CBF was greater with combined nitrous oxide and isoflurane anaesthesia than previously found with isoflurane alone; however, relative flow distribution was similar.},
  author       = {Reinstrup, Peter and Ryding, Erik and Algotsson, Lars and Berntman, Leif and Uski, Tore},
  issn         = {1471-6771},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {407--411},
  publisher    = {Macmillan},
  series       = {British Journal of Anaesthesia},
  title        = {Regional cerebral blood flow (SPECT) during anaesthesia with isoflurane and nitrous oxide in humans},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {1997},
}