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Hearing thresholds in four-year-old children with weak or no transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions

Grenner, Jan LU ; Tideholm, Bo LU ; Hinriksdottir, Ingibjörg and Carlborg, Björn LU (1997) In Scandinavian Audiology 26(2). p.107-111
Abstract
Play audiometry is part of the general developmental screening covering 4-year-old children in the city of Malmo (Sweden). In an open study, 10% of the cohort was tested with transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), using the ILO88 system. The aim was to reveal a hearing loss exceeding 25 dB HL in 4-year-old children. As the first step in determining whether emissions can be used as an efficient method of screening for hearing loss, 295 children were tested with TEOAEs. Audiometry was performed in 160 children. Audiometry was not performed if the TEOAEs were strong (> or = 10 dB SPL) in both ears. In the group with TEOAEs of 8.8dB SPL or greater, all ears tested with audiometry had a pure-tone average (PTA) of 25 dB HL or... (More)
Play audiometry is part of the general developmental screening covering 4-year-old children in the city of Malmo (Sweden). In an open study, 10% of the cohort was tested with transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), using the ILO88 system. The aim was to reveal a hearing loss exceeding 25 dB HL in 4-year-old children. As the first step in determining whether emissions can be used as an efficient method of screening for hearing loss, 295 children were tested with TEOAEs. Audiometry was performed in 160 children. Audiometry was not performed if the TEOAEs were strong (> or = 10 dB SPL) in both ears. In the group with TEOAEs of 8.8dB SPL or greater, all ears tested with audiometry had a pure-tone average (PTA) of 25 dB HL or better. Twenty-one percent of the ears had TEOAEs < or = 0 dB SPL. Only 9% of the ears had a hearing threshold exceeding 25 dB HL (PTA). In conclusions, the number of pathological TEOAE results was much larger than the number of pathological audiograms, making TEOAEs too sensitive to use as a single screening test, but the method may be used as first-line screening. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Hearing loss, otoacoustic emissions, screening
in
Scandinavian Audiology
volume
26
issue
2
pages
107 - 111
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:9187003
  • scopus:0030971131
ISSN
0105-0397
DOI
10.3109/01050399709074982
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
85b53f21-6da4-4ed0-8317-997a44665e55 (old id 1111830)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 13:58:59
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:40:34
@article{85b53f21-6da4-4ed0-8317-997a44665e55,
  abstract     = {Play audiometry is part of the general developmental screening covering 4-year-old children in the city of Malmo (Sweden). In an open study, 10% of the cohort was tested with transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), using the ILO88 system. The aim was to reveal a hearing loss exceeding 25 dB HL in 4-year-old children. As the first step in determining whether emissions can be used as an efficient method of screening for hearing loss, 295 children were tested with TEOAEs. Audiometry was performed in 160 children. Audiometry was not performed if the TEOAEs were strong (&gt; or = 10 dB SPL) in both ears. In the group with TEOAEs of 8.8dB SPL or greater, all ears tested with audiometry had a pure-tone average (PTA) of 25 dB HL or better. Twenty-one percent of the ears had TEOAEs &lt; or = 0 dB SPL. Only 9% of the ears had a hearing threshold exceeding 25 dB HL (PTA). In conclusions, the number of pathological TEOAE results was much larger than the number of pathological audiograms, making TEOAEs too sensitive to use as a single screening test, but the method may be used as first-line screening.},
  author       = {Grenner, Jan and Tideholm, Bo and Hinriksdottir, Ingibjörg and Carlborg, Björn},
  issn         = {0105-0397},
  keyword      = {Hearing loss,otoacoustic emissions,screening},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {107--111},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Audiology},
  title        = {Hearing thresholds in four-year-old children with weak or no transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01050399709074982},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {1997},
}