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Childhood Obesity

Flodmark, Carl-Erik LU (1997) In Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2(2). p.283-295
Abstract
Prevention of obesity should have the highest priority and be started as early in life as possible in high-risk families. This article covers the most promising areas of today's research aimed at finding better ways of treating obesity in the future and an overview of the treatment choices available today. The cause of obesity is genetic in approximately 40-50 percent of adults and probably to a higher degree in children. This means that it is possible to remain overweight without a calorie intake that exceeds that of those individuals of normal weight who lack the genetic susceptibility of obesity. Treatment is recommended from 10 years of age with a hypocaloric diet (1500 kcal) and a reduced fat content (30 energy-percent). Exercise is... (More)
Prevention of obesity should have the highest priority and be started as early in life as possible in high-risk families. This article covers the most promising areas of today's research aimed at finding better ways of treating obesity in the future and an overview of the treatment choices available today. The cause of obesity is genetic in approximately 40-50 percent of adults and probably to a higher degree in children. This means that it is possible to remain overweight without a calorie intake that exceeds that of those individuals of normal weight who lack the genetic susceptibility of obesity. Treatment is recommended from 10 years of age with a hypocaloric diet (1500 kcal) and a reduced fat content (30 energy-percent). Exercise is often obtained naturally by the child before this age. It is helpful to try to replace a sedentary lifestyle including television-viewing with moderate physical activities such as walking. In introducing these changes in lifestyle family therapy has been effective. Other strategies such as behavioural therapy has also been tried individually or in groups or at school with short-term benefits only. Cognitive therapy in childhood obesity gives no advantages over behavioural therapy. No reports on psychodynamic therapy have been published. Surgery is used only in rare inborn metabolic diseases. Although the treatment of children seems to give better results than does treating adults, further development of therapy for obesity is needed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
childhood obesity, family therapy, review, treatment
in
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
volume
2
issue
2
pages
283 - 295
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:0030938789
ISSN
1359-1045
DOI
10.1177/1359104597022008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
768af7e4-7c89-47bb-b85c-12f5a5af2735 (old id 1112305)
date added to LUP
2008-07-22 09:11:06
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:36:19
@article{768af7e4-7c89-47bb-b85c-12f5a5af2735,
  abstract     = {Prevention of obesity should have the highest priority and be started as early in life as possible in high-risk families. This article covers the most promising areas of today's research aimed at finding better ways of treating obesity in the future and an overview of the treatment choices available today. The cause of obesity is genetic in approximately 40-50 percent of adults and probably to a higher degree in children. This means that it is possible to remain overweight without a calorie intake that exceeds that of those individuals of normal weight who lack the genetic susceptibility of obesity. Treatment is recommended from 10 years of age with a hypocaloric diet (1500 kcal) and a reduced fat content (30 energy-percent). Exercise is often obtained naturally by the child before this age. It is helpful to try to replace a sedentary lifestyle including television-viewing with moderate physical activities such as walking. In introducing these changes in lifestyle family therapy has been effective. Other strategies such as behavioural therapy has also been tried individually or in groups or at school with short-term benefits only. Cognitive therapy in childhood obesity gives no advantages over behavioural therapy. No reports on psychodynamic therapy have been published. Surgery is used only in rare inborn metabolic diseases. Although the treatment of children seems to give better results than does treating adults, further development of therapy for obesity is needed.},
  author       = {Flodmark, Carl-Erik},
  issn         = {1359-1045},
  keyword      = {childhood obesity,family therapy,review,treatment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {283--295},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry},
  title        = {Childhood Obesity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359104597022008},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {1997},
}