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Occupation and survival: a 25-year follow-up study of an aging population

Iwarsson, Susanne LU ; Isacsson, Agneta LU ; Persson, Dennis LU and Scherstén, Bengt LU (1998) In American Journal of Occupational Therapy 52(1). p.65-70
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study of an elderly population cohort living in a defined Swedish rural area, the relationship between occupation and survival as a measure of objective health was investigated. The cohort has been followed for 25 years. METHOD: On the basis of the baseline socioeconomic interview from assessments performed when the participants were 67 years of age, an index of active participation in daily occupation was devised. The index was used to investigate the covariation between generic everyday occupation and long-time survival. RESULTS: For the female participants, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated differences in survival between the "less active" and "more active," and Cox regression survival analyses resulted... (More)
OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study of an elderly population cohort living in a defined Swedish rural area, the relationship between occupation and survival as a measure of objective health was investigated. The cohort has been followed for 25 years. METHOD: On the basis of the baseline socioeconomic interview from assessments performed when the participants were 67 years of age, an index of active participation in daily occupation was devised. The index was used to investigate the covariation between generic everyday occupation and long-time survival. RESULTS: For the female participants, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated differences in survival between the "less active" and "more active," and Cox regression survival analyses resulted in a significant covariance between occupation and survival. For the male participants, no such differences were found. CONCLUSION: The significant results for the women implied support for the core assumption of occupational therapy that a relationship exists between occupation and health. The lack of differences in survival among more active and less active men demonstrates the complexity of studying occupation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
American Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
52
issue
1
pages
65 - 70
publisher
American Occupational Therapy Association
external identifiers
  • pmid:9426861
  • scopus:0031612393
ISSN
0272-9490
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e7cf820e-966c-4594-9c27-7bf5c908154a (old id 1112678)
date added to LUP
2008-07-11 09:09:31
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:38:52
@article{e7cf820e-966c-4594-9c27-7bf5c908154a,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study of an elderly population cohort living in a defined Swedish rural area, the relationship between occupation and survival as a measure of objective health was investigated. The cohort has been followed for 25 years. METHOD: On the basis of the baseline socioeconomic interview from assessments performed when the participants were 67 years of age, an index of active participation in daily occupation was devised. The index was used to investigate the covariation between generic everyday occupation and long-time survival. RESULTS: For the female participants, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated differences in survival between the "less active" and "more active," and Cox regression survival analyses resulted in a significant covariance between occupation and survival. For the male participants, no such differences were found. CONCLUSION: The significant results for the women implied support for the core assumption of occupational therapy that a relationship exists between occupation and health. The lack of differences in survival among more active and less active men demonstrates the complexity of studying occupation.},
  author       = {Iwarsson, Susanne and Isacsson, Agneta and Persson, Dennis and Scherstén, Bengt},
  issn         = {0272-9490},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {65--70},
  publisher    = {American Occupational Therapy Association},
  series       = {American Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {Occupation and survival: a 25-year follow-up study of an aging population},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {1998},
}