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Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men

Månsson, Nils-Ove LU ; Råstam, Lennart LU ; Eriksson, Karl-Fredrik LU and Israelsson, Bo LU (1998) In International Journal of Epidemiology 27(6). p.1019-1025
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension... (More)
BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
socioeconomic status, screening, risk factors, occupation, Disability pension, early retirement
in
International Journal of Epidemiology
volume
27
issue
6
pages
1019 - 1025
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:10024197
  • scopus:0032413829
ISSN
1464-3685
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e6e7a970-4fbc-4fd9-950e-d0e64be90743 (old id 1112682)
alternative location
http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/27/6/1019
date added to LUP
2008-07-11 09:07:12
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:50:16
@article{e6e7a970-4fbc-4fd9-950e-d0e64be90743,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.},
  author       = {Månsson, Nils-Ove and Råstam, Lennart and Eriksson, Karl-Fredrik and Israelsson, Bo},
  issn         = {1464-3685},
  keyword      = {socioeconomic status,screening,risk factors,occupation,Disability pension,early retirement},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1019--1025},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {International Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {1998},
}