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Central and mixed venous blood oxygen correlate well during acute normovolemic hemodilution in anesthetized pigs

Schou, Henning LU ; Perez de Sá, Valéria LU and Larsson, A (1998) In Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 42(2). p.172-177
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and oxygen tension (PcvO2), obtained from the superior vena cava, correlate well with mixed venous (pulmonary arterial) oxygen saturation (SvO2) and tension (pvO2) when the hematocrit is normal. The present study was undertaken to assess whether extreme hemodilution affects this relation. METHODS: We compared mixed and central venous blood during graded arterial desaturation (inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO2) between 1.0 and 0.10) in 10 hemodiluted pigs, and in 10 pigs with normal hematocrit (control), during fentanyl-ketamine-pancuronium anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: Arterial oxygen saturation decreased from 100% at FIO2 = 1.0 to 44 +/- 12% at FIO2 = 0.10 (mean +/-... (More)
BACKGROUND: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and oxygen tension (PcvO2), obtained from the superior vena cava, correlate well with mixed venous (pulmonary arterial) oxygen saturation (SvO2) and tension (pvO2) when the hematocrit is normal. The present study was undertaken to assess whether extreme hemodilution affects this relation. METHODS: We compared mixed and central venous blood during graded arterial desaturation (inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO2) between 1.0 and 0.10) in 10 hemodiluted pigs, and in 10 pigs with normal hematocrit (control), during fentanyl-ketamine-pancuronium anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: Arterial oxygen saturation decreased from 100% at FIO2 = 1.0 to 44 +/- 12% at FIO2 = 0.10 (mean +/- SD). Venous oxygen saturation ranged from 3.5% to 97.3%. The regression coefficient between SvO2 and ScvO2 was 0.97 (R2 = 0.93, bias -2.4 +/- 5.8%) in the hemodiluted and 0.99 (R2 = 0.97, bias -3.0 +/- 5.0%) in the control group. Venous oxygen tension values ranged from 0.5 kPa to 9.5 kPa, and the regression coefficient for oxygen tension was 0.94 (R2 = 0.89, bias -0.20 +/- 0.47 kPa) in the hemodiluted and 0.99 (R2 = 0.97, bias -0.43 +/- 0.48 kPa) in the control group. The regression coefficient for pH was 0.95 in the hemodiluted and 0.98 in the control animals. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that also during hemodilution monitoring of central venous blood oxygen may be as useful as monitoring of mixed venous blood oxygen. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
volume
42
issue
2
pages
172 - 177
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:9509198
  • scopus:0031889126
ISSN
0001-5172
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
57ae335c-9ecd-4754-9eec-ddc7b82669cf (old id 1113394)
date added to LUP
2008-07-15 08:56:46
date last changed
2017-08-27 04:14:52
@article{57ae335c-9ecd-4754-9eec-ddc7b82669cf,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and oxygen tension (PcvO2), obtained from the superior vena cava, correlate well with mixed venous (pulmonary arterial) oxygen saturation (SvO2) and tension (pvO2) when the hematocrit is normal. The present study was undertaken to assess whether extreme hemodilution affects this relation. METHODS: We compared mixed and central venous blood during graded arterial desaturation (inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO2) between 1.0 and 0.10) in 10 hemodiluted pigs, and in 10 pigs with normal hematocrit (control), during fentanyl-ketamine-pancuronium anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: Arterial oxygen saturation decreased from 100% at FIO2 = 1.0 to 44 +/- 12% at FIO2 = 0.10 (mean +/- SD). Venous oxygen saturation ranged from 3.5% to 97.3%. The regression coefficient between SvO2 and ScvO2 was 0.97 (R2 = 0.93, bias -2.4 +/- 5.8%) in the hemodiluted and 0.99 (R2 = 0.97, bias -3.0 +/- 5.0%) in the control group. Venous oxygen tension values ranged from 0.5 kPa to 9.5 kPa, and the regression coefficient for oxygen tension was 0.94 (R2 = 0.89, bias -0.20 +/- 0.47 kPa) in the hemodiluted and 0.99 (R2 = 0.97, bias -0.43 +/- 0.48 kPa) in the control group. The regression coefficient for pH was 0.95 in the hemodiluted and 0.98 in the control animals. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that also during hemodilution monitoring of central venous blood oxygen may be as useful as monitoring of mixed venous blood oxygen.},
  author       = {Schou, Henning and Perez de Sá, Valéria and Larsson, A},
  issn         = {0001-5172},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {172--177},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Central and mixed venous blood oxygen correlate well during acute normovolemic hemodilution in anesthetized pigs},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {1998},
}