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A comparison of the expression of lymphocyte activation markers in blood, bronchial biopsies and bronchoalveolar lavage: evidence for an enrichment of activated T lymphocytes in the bronchoalveolar space

Ekberg-Jansson, A; Arva, E; Nilsson, O; Löfdahl, Claes-Göran LU and Andersson, B (1999) In Respiratory Medicine 93(8). p.563-570
Abstract
In this study healthy never-smoking subjects (n = 18) were recruited from a population study. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), blood lymphocytes and bronchial biopsies, analysed both in the epithelium and lamina propria, were stained for T and B lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells and different subpopulations of T lymphocytes. In BAL, significantly higher proportions of T lymphocytes (CD3), T lymphocyte activation markers; HLA-DR, CD26+, CD49a+, CD54+ and CD69+, helper T (CD3+4+) and memory helper T lymphocytes (CD4+45RO+29+) and memory T lymphocytes (CD3+45RO+) were found, compared to blood. However, the proportion of IL-2 receptor-positive T lymphocytes (CD25+) was lower in BAL than in blood. A previously described higher ratio of... (More)
In this study healthy never-smoking subjects (n = 18) were recruited from a population study. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), blood lymphocytes and bronchial biopsies, analysed both in the epithelium and lamina propria, were stained for T and B lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells and different subpopulations of T lymphocytes. In BAL, significantly higher proportions of T lymphocytes (CD3), T lymphocyte activation markers; HLA-DR, CD26+, CD49a+, CD54+ and CD69+, helper T (CD3+4+) and memory helper T lymphocytes (CD4+45RO+29+) and memory T lymphocytes (CD3+45RO+) were found, compared to blood. However, the proportion of IL-2 receptor-positive T lymphocytes (CD25+) was lower in BAL than in blood. A previously described higher ratio of CD3+4+/CD3+8+ in BAL than in blood (3.4 vs 1.7; P = 0.001) was confirmed. In bronchial biopsies, we found significantly higher numbers of CD8+ cell profiles per mm2 in the epithelial compared to the lamina propria compartment. We conclude that healthy never-smoking men have higher levels of activated memory T lymphocytes in BAL than in blood, and that the T-cell subpopulations differ in the epithelial compared to the lamina propria compartment in the bronchial mucosa and these compartments should be analysed separately. It is reasonable to think that there is a gradient from blood to the airway lumen where T cells are recruited from blood to take part in the defense towards damaging agents. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Respiratory Medicine
volume
93
issue
8
pages
563 - 570
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:10542990
  • scopus:0032865569
ISSN
1532-3064
DOI
10.1016/S0954-6111(99)90156-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e6043022-4de7-4bd0-bf1f-96f21040952f (old id 1115331)
date added to LUP
2008-07-08 08:25:13
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:42:46
@article{e6043022-4de7-4bd0-bf1f-96f21040952f,
  abstract     = {In this study healthy never-smoking subjects (n = 18) were recruited from a population study. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), blood lymphocytes and bronchial biopsies, analysed both in the epithelium and lamina propria, were stained for T and B lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells and different subpopulations of T lymphocytes. In BAL, significantly higher proportions of T lymphocytes (CD3), T lymphocyte activation markers; HLA-DR, CD26+, CD49a+, CD54+ and CD69+, helper T (CD3+4+) and memory helper T lymphocytes (CD4+45RO+29+) and memory T lymphocytes (CD3+45RO+) were found, compared to blood. However, the proportion of IL-2 receptor-positive T lymphocytes (CD25+) was lower in BAL than in blood. A previously described higher ratio of CD3+4+/CD3+8+ in BAL than in blood (3.4 vs 1.7; P = 0.001) was confirmed. In bronchial biopsies, we found significantly higher numbers of CD8+ cell profiles per mm2 in the epithelial compared to the lamina propria compartment. We conclude that healthy never-smoking men have higher levels of activated memory T lymphocytes in BAL than in blood, and that the T-cell subpopulations differ in the epithelial compared to the lamina propria compartment in the bronchial mucosa and these compartments should be analysed separately. It is reasonable to think that there is a gradient from blood to the airway lumen where T cells are recruited from blood to take part in the defense towards damaging agents.},
  author       = {Ekberg-Jansson, A and Arva, E and Nilsson, O and Löfdahl, Claes-Göran and Andersson, B},
  issn         = {1532-3064},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {563--570},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Respiratory Medicine},
  title        = {A comparison of the expression of lymphocyte activation markers in blood, bronchial biopsies and bronchoalveolar lavage: evidence for an enrichment of activated T lymphocytes in the bronchoalveolar space},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0954-6111(99)90156-7},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {1999},
}