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IL-2 and IL-4 counteract budesonide inhibition of GM-CSF and IL-10, but not of IL-8, IL-12 or TNF-alpha production by human mononuclear blood cells

Larsson, Susanne LU ; Löfdahl, Claes-Göran LU and Linden, M (1999) In British Journal of Pharmacology 127(4). p.980-986
Abstract
1. The combination of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-4 reduces the inhibitory effects of glucocorticoids on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production, in agreement with the hypothesis that this combination causes glucocorticoid resistance. Whether a general cytokine resistance to glucocorticoids is induced by IL-2 and IL-4 has not been reported. 2. Mononuclear blood cells from healthy individuals were pre-treated with IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2+ IL-4 (31.3-500 U ml(-1)) for 48 h, prior to lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 ng ml(-1); 20 h) and budesonide addition. Cytokine levels in the supernatants were analysed using specific immunoassays. DNA content was analysed to estimate cell numbers. 3. GM-CSF production was totally... (More)
1. The combination of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-4 reduces the inhibitory effects of glucocorticoids on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production, in agreement with the hypothesis that this combination causes glucocorticoid resistance. Whether a general cytokine resistance to glucocorticoids is induced by IL-2 and IL-4 has not been reported. 2. Mononuclear blood cells from healthy individuals were pre-treated with IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2+ IL-4 (31.3-500 U ml(-1)) for 48 h, prior to lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 ng ml(-1); 20 h) and budesonide addition. Cytokine levels in the supernatants were analysed using specific immunoassays. DNA content was analysed to estimate cell numbers. 3. GM-CSF production was totally inhibited by budesonide at 10(-8) M in vehicle treated cultures, while IL-10 was inhibited to 33.4+/-4.3% of control. IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2 + IL-4 reduced the inhibitory effects of budesonide on GM-CSF to similar levels (23.7 6.7, 31.6+/-8.5 and 35.1+/-4.3% of control, respectively). IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2 + IL-4 also reduced the inhibitory effects of budesonide on IL-10 production (46.5+/-6.6, 55.9+/-7.3%, and 68.3+/-9.9% of control, respectively). In contrast, IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-alpha production did not become resistant to budesonide. 4. Thus, glucocorticoid resistance induced by IL-2 and IL-4 is not general at the cytokine production level. While the glucocorticoid sensitivity of GM-CSF and IL-10 production decreased, the sensitivity of IL-8, IL-12 or TNF-alpha production was unchanged. Also, the mixture of IL-2 and IL-4 is not crucial for induction of glucocorticoid resistance of GM-CSF production. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
GM-CSF, IL-4, Glucocorticoid resistance, budesonide, IL-2, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-a, mononuclear blood cells
in
British Journal of Pharmacology
volume
127
issue
4
pages
980 - 986
publisher
The British Pharmacological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:10433506
  • scopus:0344655652
ISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0702631
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1c03eab8-8c27-4adf-84e4-fa137837f290 (old id 1115336)
date added to LUP
2008-07-08 08:28:58
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:02:42
@article{1c03eab8-8c27-4adf-84e4-fa137837f290,
  abstract     = {1. The combination of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-4 reduces the inhibitory effects of glucocorticoids on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production, in agreement with the hypothesis that this combination causes glucocorticoid resistance. Whether a general cytokine resistance to glucocorticoids is induced by IL-2 and IL-4 has not been reported. 2. Mononuclear blood cells from healthy individuals were pre-treated with IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2+ IL-4 (31.3-500 U ml(-1)) for 48 h, prior to lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 ng ml(-1); 20 h) and budesonide addition. Cytokine levels in the supernatants were analysed using specific immunoassays. DNA content was analysed to estimate cell numbers. 3. GM-CSF production was totally inhibited by budesonide at 10(-8) M in vehicle treated cultures, while IL-10 was inhibited to 33.4+/-4.3% of control. IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2 + IL-4 reduced the inhibitory effects of budesonide on GM-CSF to similar levels (23.7 6.7, 31.6+/-8.5 and 35.1+/-4.3% of control, respectively). IL-2, IL-4, or IL-2 + IL-4 also reduced the inhibitory effects of budesonide on IL-10 production (46.5+/-6.6, 55.9+/-7.3%, and 68.3+/-9.9% of control, respectively). In contrast, IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-alpha production did not become resistant to budesonide. 4. Thus, glucocorticoid resistance induced by IL-2 and IL-4 is not general at the cytokine production level. While the glucocorticoid sensitivity of GM-CSF and IL-10 production decreased, the sensitivity of IL-8, IL-12 or TNF-alpha production was unchanged. Also, the mixture of IL-2 and IL-4 is not crucial for induction of glucocorticoid resistance of GM-CSF production.},
  author       = {Larsson, Susanne and Löfdahl, Claes-Göran and Linden, M},
  issn         = {1476-5381},
  keyword      = {GM-CSF,IL-4,Glucocorticoid resistance,budesonide,IL-2,IL-8,IL-10,IL-12,TNF-a,mononuclear blood
cells},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {980--986},
  publisher    = {The British Pharmacological Society},
  series       = {British Journal of Pharmacology},
  title        = {IL-2 and IL-4 counteract budesonide inhibition of GM-CSF and IL-10, but not of IL-8, IL-12 or TNF-alpha production by human mononuclear blood cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0702631},
  volume       = {127},
  year         = {1999},
}