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Do pre-, early, and mid-pregnancy life events influence gestational length?

Sjöström, Karin LU ; Thelin, T.; Valentin, Lil LU and Marsal, Karel LU (1999) In Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 20(3). p.170-176
Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine whether the frequency and quality of reported life events during the 6 months before pregnancy to mid-pregnancy influence gestational age at birth. Seventy nulliparous women were studied at 12 and 25 gestational weeks with a 64-item self-rated life event questionnaire developed for obstetric groups. Life events were categorised into eight psychosocial areas according to the diagnostic and statistic manual (DSM-III-R). The women rated each experienced event as strainful or not strainful. Gestational age was determined by ultrasound biometry before 20 gestational weeks. The number of life events during the following periods was recorded from 6 months before pregnancy to 12 gestational weeks, from 12... (More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the frequency and quality of reported life events during the 6 months before pregnancy to mid-pregnancy influence gestational age at birth. Seventy nulliparous women were studied at 12 and 25 gestational weeks with a 64-item self-rated life event questionnaire developed for obstetric groups. Life events were categorised into eight psychosocial areas according to the diagnostic and statistic manual (DSM-III-R). The women rated each experienced event as strainful or not strainful. Gestational age was determined by ultrasound biometry before 20 gestational weeks. The number of life events during the following periods was recorded from 6 months before pregnancy to 12 gestational weeks, from 12 gestational weeks to 25 gestational weeks, from 6 months before pregnancy to 25 gestational weeks. No significant relationships were found between the number of reported life events and pregnancy duration. Life events in different psychosocial areas also did not influence gestational age at birth. A non-significant relationship (p = 0.06) was found between pregnancy duration and the number of strainful events reported from 6 months before pregnancy to 25 gestational weeks, shorter pregnancy duration being found in women reporting many strainful events. Our findings suggest that life events in general do not influence pregnancy duration. However, if they are perceived as strainful, pregnancy length tends to decrease. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Pregnancy, Stress, Duration, Life events, Premature delivery, Risk factor, Human, Female
in
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology
volume
20
issue
3
pages
170 - 176
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:0032844339
ISSN
0167-482X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7a1e821f-4129-46d1-869d-9880c9051a30 (old id 1115563)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10497761
date added to LUP
2008-07-09 11:08:34
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:18:35
@article{7a1e821f-4129-46d1-869d-9880c9051a30,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to determine whether the frequency and quality of reported life events during the 6 months before pregnancy to mid-pregnancy influence gestational age at birth. Seventy nulliparous women were studied at 12 and 25 gestational weeks with a 64-item self-rated life event questionnaire developed for obstetric groups. Life events were categorised into eight psychosocial areas according to the diagnostic and statistic manual (DSM-III-R). The women rated each experienced event as strainful or not strainful. Gestational age was determined by ultrasound biometry before 20 gestational weeks. The number of life events during the following periods was recorded from 6 months before pregnancy to 12 gestational weeks, from 12 gestational weeks to 25 gestational weeks, from 6 months before pregnancy to 25 gestational weeks. No significant relationships were found between the number of reported life events and pregnancy duration. Life events in different psychosocial areas also did not influence gestational age at birth. A non-significant relationship (p = 0.06) was found between pregnancy duration and the number of strainful events reported from 6 months before pregnancy to 25 gestational weeks, shorter pregnancy duration being found in women reporting many strainful events. Our findings suggest that life events in general do not influence pregnancy duration. However, if they are perceived as strainful, pregnancy length tends to decrease.},
  author       = {Sjöström, Karin and Thelin, T. and Valentin, Lil and Marsal, Karel},
  issn         = {0167-482X},
  keyword      = {Pregnancy,Stress,Duration,Life events,Premature delivery,Risk factor,Human,Female},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {170--176},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology},
  title        = {Do pre-, early, and mid-pregnancy life events influence gestational length?},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {1999},
}