Advanced

Sequential administration of GDNF into the substantia nigra and striatum promotes dopamine neuron survival and axonal sprouting but not striatal reinnervation or functional recovery in the partial 6-OHDA lesion model

Rosenblad, C; Kirik, Deniz LU and Björklund, Anders LU (2000) In Experimental Neurology 161(2). p.503-516
Abstract
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has prominent survival-promoting effects on lesioned nigrostriatal dopamine neurons, but understanding of the conditions under which functional recovery can be obtained remains to be acquired. We report here the time course of nigrostriatal axon degeneration in the partial lesion model of Parkinson's disease and the morphological and functional effects of sequential administration of GDNF in the substantia nigra (SN) and striatum during the first 5 weeks postlesion. By 1 day postlesion, the nigrostriatal axons had retracted back to the level of the caudal globus pallidus. Over the next 6 days axonal retraction progressed down to the SN, and during the following 7 weeks 74% of tyrosine... (More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has prominent survival-promoting effects on lesioned nigrostriatal dopamine neurons, but understanding of the conditions under which functional recovery can be obtained remains to be acquired. We report here the time course of nigrostriatal axon degeneration in the partial lesion model of Parkinson's disease and the morphological and functional effects of sequential administration of GDNF in the substantia nigra (SN) and striatum during the first 5 weeks postlesion. By 1 day postlesion, the nigrostriatal axons had retracted back to the level of the caudal globus pallidus. Over the next 6 days axonal retraction progressed down to the SN, and during the following 7 weeks 74% of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH(+)) and 84% of retrogradely labeled nigral neurons were lost, with a more pronounced loss in the rostral part of the SN. GDNF administration protected 70 and 72% of the nigral TH(+) and retrogradely labeled cell bodies, respectively, but did not prevent the die-back of the lesioned nigrostriatal axons. Although clear signs of sprouting were observed close to the injection site in the striatum as well as in the globus pallidus, the overall DA innervation of the striatum [as measured by [(3)H]-N-[1-(2-benzo(b)thiopenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine-binding autoradiography] was not improved by the GDNF treatment. Moreover, the lesion-induced deficits in forelimb akinesia and drug-induced rotation were not attenuated. We conclude that functional recovery in the partial lesion model depends not only on preservation of the nigral cell bodies, but more critically on the ability of GDNF to promote significant reinnervation of the denervated striatum. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Experimental Neurology
volume
161
issue
2
pages
503 - 516
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:10686072
  • scopus:0034097605
ISSN
0014-4886
DOI
10.1006/exnr.1999.7296
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c751548f-e449-4346-b270-6bdb48402655 (old id 1118217)
date added to LUP
2008-06-18 13:21:59
date last changed
2017-04-30 08:31:26
@article{c751548f-e449-4346-b270-6bdb48402655,
  abstract     = {Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has prominent survival-promoting effects on lesioned nigrostriatal dopamine neurons, but understanding of the conditions under which functional recovery can be obtained remains to be acquired. We report here the time course of nigrostriatal axon degeneration in the partial lesion model of Parkinson's disease and the morphological and functional effects of sequential administration of GDNF in the substantia nigra (SN) and striatum during the first 5 weeks postlesion. By 1 day postlesion, the nigrostriatal axons had retracted back to the level of the caudal globus pallidus. Over the next 6 days axonal retraction progressed down to the SN, and during the following 7 weeks 74% of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH(+)) and 84% of retrogradely labeled nigral neurons were lost, with a more pronounced loss in the rostral part of the SN. GDNF administration protected 70 and 72% of the nigral TH(+) and retrogradely labeled cell bodies, respectively, but did not prevent the die-back of the lesioned nigrostriatal axons. Although clear signs of sprouting were observed close to the injection site in the striatum as well as in the globus pallidus, the overall DA innervation of the striatum [as measured by [(3)H]-N-[1-(2-benzo(b)thiopenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine-binding autoradiography] was not improved by the GDNF treatment. Moreover, the lesion-induced deficits in forelimb akinesia and drug-induced rotation were not attenuated. We conclude that functional recovery in the partial lesion model depends not only on preservation of the nigral cell bodies, but more critically on the ability of GDNF to promote significant reinnervation of the denervated striatum.},
  author       = {Rosenblad, C and Kirik, Deniz and Björklund, Anders},
  issn         = {0014-4886},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {503--516},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Experimental Neurology},
  title        = {Sequential administration of GDNF into the substantia nigra and striatum promotes dopamine neuron survival and axonal sprouting but not striatal reinnervation or functional recovery in the partial 6-OHDA lesion model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/exnr.1999.7296},
  volume       = {161},
  year         = {2000},
}