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Plasma exudation, hyperaemia, and epithelial permeability in rats with oxazolone-induced colitis: modulatory effects of budesonide

Ekstrom, G M and Andersson, Sven LU (2000) In Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 35(2). p.190-197
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Oxazolone-induced colitis in the rat is an immune-driven model of human colitis. The aim of the present study was to measure the changes in the absorptive and exudative permeabilites, oedema formation, and local blood flow in this model during the development of inflammation. We also assessed the effects of acute (<1 h), topical glucocorticosteroid (GCS) treatment on these factors. METHODS: Colitis was induced by local instillation of oxazolone in previously sensitized animals. Calculating the 40-min plasma-equivalent extravascular volume quantitated the plasma exudation rate. This was determined by using labelled albumin as marker for total tissue content of plasma and Evans blue content as marker for the intravascular... (More)
BACKGROUND: Oxazolone-induced colitis in the rat is an immune-driven model of human colitis. The aim of the present study was to measure the changes in the absorptive and exudative permeabilites, oedema formation, and local blood flow in this model during the development of inflammation. We also assessed the effects of acute (<1 h), topical glucocorticosteroid (GCS) treatment on these factors. METHODS: Colitis was induced by local instillation of oxazolone in previously sensitized animals. Calculating the 40-min plasma-equivalent extravascular volume quantitated the plasma exudation rate. This was determined by using labelled albumin as marker for total tissue content of plasma and Evans blue content as marker for the intravascular volume. Absorptive permeability was simultaneously measured as uptake of rectally administered (51Cr)-labelled ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). In separate experiments regional blood flows were measured by means of the labelled microsphere method. RESULTS: At both 3 and 24 h after challenge marked enhancements of both exudative and absorptive permeabilities were found. At 24 h there was also an increase in local blood flow. GCS treatment abolished all of the hyperaemia and the main part of the exudative response but had no significant effect on the absorptive permeability. CONCLUSIONS: In this model immunologic mechanisms induce permeability and blood flow changes similar to those in the human disease. It seems suitable for the study of GCS and other anti-inflammatory or immune-modulating drugs. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
volume
35
issue
2
pages
190 - 197
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:10720119
  • scopus:0033995923
ISSN
1502-7708
DOI
10.1080/003655200750024380
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
9a82d4c4-1b8c-4c05-b3ff-b2a10a04f9d6 (old id 1118386)
date added to LUP
2008-06-16 14:37:24
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:48:47
@article{9a82d4c4-1b8c-4c05-b3ff-b2a10a04f9d6,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Oxazolone-induced colitis in the rat is an immune-driven model of human colitis. The aim of the present study was to measure the changes in the absorptive and exudative permeabilites, oedema formation, and local blood flow in this model during the development of inflammation. We also assessed the effects of acute (&lt;1 h), topical glucocorticosteroid (GCS) treatment on these factors. METHODS: Colitis was induced by local instillation of oxazolone in previously sensitized animals. Calculating the 40-min plasma-equivalent extravascular volume quantitated the plasma exudation rate. This was determined by using labelled albumin as marker for total tissue content of plasma and Evans blue content as marker for the intravascular volume. Absorptive permeability was simultaneously measured as uptake of rectally administered (51Cr)-labelled ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). In separate experiments regional blood flows were measured by means of the labelled microsphere method. RESULTS: At both 3 and 24 h after challenge marked enhancements of both exudative and absorptive permeabilities were found. At 24 h there was also an increase in local blood flow. GCS treatment abolished all of the hyperaemia and the main part of the exudative response but had no significant effect on the absorptive permeability. CONCLUSIONS: In this model immunologic mechanisms induce permeability and blood flow changes similar to those in the human disease. It seems suitable for the study of GCS and other anti-inflammatory or immune-modulating drugs.},
  author       = {Ekstrom, G M and Andersson, Sven},
  issn         = {1502-7708},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {190--197},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology},
  title        = {Plasma exudation, hyperaemia, and epithelial permeability in rats with oxazolone-induced colitis: modulatory effects of budesonide},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/003655200750024380},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2000},
}