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Similar rates of exponential decrease in serum concentrations of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin, and human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) in prostate cancer patients treated with GnRH-analogues

Björk, Thomas LU ; Schalken, Jack; Wittjes, Wim; Ljungberg, Bengt LU and Lilja, Hans LU (2001) In The Prostate 47(1). p.14-20
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Our recently reported finding of rapid bi-exponential elimination of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after radical retropubic prostatectomy in patients with moderately elevated PSA levels, which contrasted a very slow, linear elimination of PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), prompted us to study whether these elimination rates were applicable for patients selected for castration treatment with very high pretreatment concentrations of PSA in serum. In addition, serum concentrations of hK2, the activator of proPSA, were measured. METHODS: Pretreatment serum was obtained from 21 previously untreated prostate cancer patients due for hormonal treatment with a GnRH-analog. Samples were also collected during... (More)
BACKGROUND: Our recently reported finding of rapid bi-exponential elimination of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after radical retropubic prostatectomy in patients with moderately elevated PSA levels, which contrasted a very slow, linear elimination of PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), prompted us to study whether these elimination rates were applicable for patients selected for castration treatment with very high pretreatment concentrations of PSA in serum. In addition, serum concentrations of hK2, the activator of proPSA, were measured. METHODS: Pretreatment serum was obtained from 21 previously untreated prostate cancer patients due for hormonal treatment with a GnRH-analog. Samples were also collected during treatment up to a minimum of 24 weeks at 2-week intervals and analyzed with immunofluorometric assays for free PSA (PSA-F), PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT), total PSA (PSA-T), and human kallikrein 2 (hK2). For pharmaco-kinetic analysis the serum concentrations of hK2 and PSA forms for each patient were plotted against time both before and after logarithmic transformation and the half-lives were calculated as ln2/k. RESULTS: Median pretreatment serum concentrations were 322 ng/ml (range, 1.9-2210) for PSA-T, 27.8 ng/ml (range, 1.14-259) for PSA-F, and 207 ng/ml (range, 0.8-2080) for PSA-ACT. All patients had castrate levels of serum testosterone (< 2.5 nmol/l) in less than 21 days after initiation of GnRH-analog treatment. It was possible to evaluate data from 19/21 patients which showed an exponential decrease of all PSA concentrations in serum, with mean half-lives of 12.9 days (range, 7.3-30) for PSA-T, 15.5 days (range, 7.7-37.5) for PSA-F, and 12.3 days (range, 6.6-30) for PSA-ACT. Median pretreatment percent free PSA (PSA-F/PSA-T) was 12% compared to 18% at nadir. The median pretreatment level of hK2 was 3.5 ng/ml (range, 0.29-30.3). There was an exponential decrease in hK2 concentrations in serum after initiation of hormonal treatment with a mean half-life of 18.7 days (range, 7.5-37.5). CONCLUSIONS: For the majority of patients with hormonally treated prostate cancer the serum concentrations of PSA-T, PSA-F, PSA-ACT, and hK2 decreased slowly in parallel and mono-exponentially after initiation of treatment. Mean half-lives were between 12 and 19 days. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
prostate-specific antigen, prostate cancer, hormonal treatment, GnRH-analogues
in
The Prostate
volume
47
issue
1
pages
14 - 20
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • pmid:11304725
  • scopus:0035313073
ISSN
0270-4137
DOI
10.1002/pros.1042
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
98b4d804-4d39-4ff5-8c99-d9bfb9994598 (old id 1120758)
date added to LUP
2008-06-25 10:32:17
date last changed
2018-01-07 06:17:55
@article{98b4d804-4d39-4ff5-8c99-d9bfb9994598,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Our recently reported finding of rapid bi-exponential elimination of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after radical retropubic prostatectomy in patients with moderately elevated PSA levels, which contrasted a very slow, linear elimination of PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), prompted us to study whether these elimination rates were applicable for patients selected for castration treatment with very high pretreatment concentrations of PSA in serum. In addition, serum concentrations of hK2, the activator of proPSA, were measured. METHODS: Pretreatment serum was obtained from 21 previously untreated prostate cancer patients due for hormonal treatment with a GnRH-analog. Samples were also collected during treatment up to a minimum of 24 weeks at 2-week intervals and analyzed with immunofluorometric assays for free PSA (PSA-F), PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT), total PSA (PSA-T), and human kallikrein 2 (hK2). For pharmaco-kinetic analysis the serum concentrations of hK2 and PSA forms for each patient were plotted against time both before and after logarithmic transformation and the half-lives were calculated as ln2/k. RESULTS: Median pretreatment serum concentrations were 322 ng/ml (range, 1.9-2210) for PSA-T, 27.8 ng/ml (range, 1.14-259) for PSA-F, and 207 ng/ml (range, 0.8-2080) for PSA-ACT. All patients had castrate levels of serum testosterone (&lt; 2.5 nmol/l) in less than 21 days after initiation of GnRH-analog treatment. It was possible to evaluate data from 19/21 patients which showed an exponential decrease of all PSA concentrations in serum, with mean half-lives of 12.9 days (range, 7.3-30) for PSA-T, 15.5 days (range, 7.7-37.5) for PSA-F, and 12.3 days (range, 6.6-30) for PSA-ACT. Median pretreatment percent free PSA (PSA-F/PSA-T) was 12% compared to 18% at nadir. The median pretreatment level of hK2 was 3.5 ng/ml (range, 0.29-30.3). There was an exponential decrease in hK2 concentrations in serum after initiation of hormonal treatment with a mean half-life of 18.7 days (range, 7.5-37.5). CONCLUSIONS: For the majority of patients with hormonally treated prostate cancer the serum concentrations of PSA-T, PSA-F, PSA-ACT, and hK2 decreased slowly in parallel and mono-exponentially after initiation of treatment. Mean half-lives were between 12 and 19 days.},
  author       = {Björk, Thomas and Schalken, Jack and Wittjes, Wim and Ljungberg, Bengt and Lilja, Hans},
  issn         = {0270-4137},
  keyword      = {prostate-specific antigen,prostate cancer,hormonal treatment,GnRH-analogues},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {14--20},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {The Prostate},
  title        = {Similar rates of exponential decrease in serum concentrations of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA complexed to alpha-1-antichymotrypsin, and human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) in prostate cancer patients treated with GnRH-analogues},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pros.1042},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2001},
}