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Performance of simultaneous emission-transmission systems for attenuation-corrected SPEct: a method for validation applied to two camera systems

Almquist, H; Norrgren, K; Palmer, J; Jonson, Björn LU and Wollmer, Per LU (2001) In Nuclear Medicine Communications 22(7). p.759-766
Abstract
Several commercially available systems for attenuation correction in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) based on a transmission scan have been introduced that vary in performance. A test procedure for attenuation correction in SPECT is described and applied to two principally different gamma camera systems (the Siemens Multispect 3 triple-headed system [3HS] and the ADAC Genesys Vertex double-headed system [2HS]). The test procedure was based on geometrically well-defined phantoms. A torso phantom was used to illustrate the attenuation correction methods. The test procedure can be used without detailed knowledge of or access to the algorithms used for attenuation correction. The influence on the transmission measurement of... (More)
Several commercially available systems for attenuation correction in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) based on a transmission scan have been introduced that vary in performance. A test procedure for attenuation correction in SPECT is described and applied to two principally different gamma camera systems (the Siemens Multispect 3 triple-headed system [3HS] and the ADAC Genesys Vertex double-headed system [2HS]). The test procedure was based on geometrically well-defined phantoms. A torso phantom was used to illustrate the attenuation correction methods. The test procedure can be used without detailed knowledge of or access to the algorithms used for attenuation correction. The influence on the transmission measurement of radioactivity in a phantom was higher for the 2HS than for the 3HS. The 3HS produced satisfactory attenuation maps and corrected emission count rates to a constant value independent of phantom density and size. With the 2HS, there was a progressive decrease in the correction of emission count rates with increasing phantom density, and about 30% lower corrected count rates in the large compared with the small phantom. A decrease in measured attenuation coefficients in the vicinity of an emission source was demonstrated in large but not small phantoms. A likely explanation is erroneous correction of downscatter into the transmission energy window. This study demonstrates the need for independent evaluation of systems for attenuation correction in SPECT. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nuclear Medicine Communications
volume
22
issue
7
pages
759 - 766
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:11453048
  • scopus:0034963587
ISSN
1473-5628
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
833e510d-d1f9-49d0-86d0-f13dd7da2092 (old id 1121266)
date added to LUP
2008-06-23 14:50:17
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:13:15
@article{833e510d-d1f9-49d0-86d0-f13dd7da2092,
  abstract     = {Several commercially available systems for attenuation correction in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) based on a transmission scan have been introduced that vary in performance. A test procedure for attenuation correction in SPECT is described and applied to two principally different gamma camera systems (the Siemens Multispect 3 triple-headed system [3HS] and the ADAC Genesys Vertex double-headed system [2HS]). The test procedure was based on geometrically well-defined phantoms. A torso phantom was used to illustrate the attenuation correction methods. The test procedure can be used without detailed knowledge of or access to the algorithms used for attenuation correction. The influence on the transmission measurement of radioactivity in a phantom was higher for the 2HS than for the 3HS. The 3HS produced satisfactory attenuation maps and corrected emission count rates to a constant value independent of phantom density and size. With the 2HS, there was a progressive decrease in the correction of emission count rates with increasing phantom density, and about 30% lower corrected count rates in the large compared with the small phantom. A decrease in measured attenuation coefficients in the vicinity of an emission source was demonstrated in large but not small phantoms. A likely explanation is erroneous correction of downscatter into the transmission energy window. This study demonstrates the need for independent evaluation of systems for attenuation correction in SPECT.},
  author       = {Almquist, H and Norrgren, K and Palmer, J and Jonson, Björn and Wollmer, Per},
  issn         = {1473-5628},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {759--766},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Nuclear Medicine Communications},
  title        = {Performance of simultaneous emission-transmission systems for attenuation-corrected SPEct: a method for validation applied to two camera systems},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2001},
}