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Comparison of two leukapheresis programs for computerized collection of blood progenitor cells on a new cell separator

Schwella, N; Movassaghi, K; Scheding, Stefan LU ; Ahrens, N and Salama, A (2003) In Transfusion 43(1). p.58-64
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) can be collected on various cell separators. Two leukapheresis programs (LP-MNC and LP-PBSC-Lym) were evaluated for computerized collection of PBPCs on a new cell separator. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Leukapheresis assisted by the LP-MNC or LP-PBSC-Lym software was performed for the harvesting of PBPCs in 52 oncology patients after chemotherapy plus G-CSF treatment and in 18 healthy subjects after G-CSF mobilization alone. RESULTS: A total of 38 components from 33 donors via LP-MNC and 43 components from 37 donors via LP-PBSC-Lym were collected with a median of one (range, one to two) standard-volume leukapheresis procedures (9.2-13.3 L) per donor. There were no significant differences... (More)
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) can be collected on various cell separators. Two leukapheresis programs (LP-MNC and LP-PBSC-Lym) were evaluated for computerized collection of PBPCs on a new cell separator. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Leukapheresis assisted by the LP-MNC or LP-PBSC-Lym software was performed for the harvesting of PBPCs in 52 oncology patients after chemotherapy plus G-CSF treatment and in 18 healthy subjects after G-CSF mobilization alone. RESULTS: A total of 38 components from 33 donors via LP-MNC and 43 components from 37 donors via LP-PBSC-Lym were collected with a median of one (range, one to two) standard-volume leukapheresis procedures (9.2-13.3 L) per donor. There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning median counts of WBCs, CD34+ cells, CD34+ cell yields per harvest, and CD34+ cell yields of cumulative harvests. The blood cell counts after leukapheresis revealed that the LP-MNC resulted in significantly higher platelet loss than LP-PBSC-Lym (p = 0.024): 35.9 percent (range, 19.2%-66.1%) versus 29.7 percent (11.6%-52.3%). Regarding the CD34+ cell collection efficiency, the LP-MNC program was significantly better than the LP-PBSC-Lym program (p < 0.001): 77.5 percent (range, 35.5%-98.9%) versus 58.3 percent (range, 20.4%-98.9%). However, concentrates collected by the LP-PBSC-Lym program had significantly higher percentages of MNCs (p < 0.001) and CD34+ cells (p = 0.028) than harvests with the LP-MNC program: 90 percent (range, 69%-99%) versus 70 percent (range, 35%-98%) and 1.2 percent (range, 0.2%-7.3%) versus 0.7 percent (range, 0.2%-6.0%), respectively. No leukapheresis-related serious adverse events were seen, and time for hematopoietic engraftment was equivalent to data published in the literature. CONCLUSION: The LP-MNC program shows a significantly better CD34+ cell collection efficiency than the LP-PBSC-Lym program. However, collections with the LP-MNC program result in PBPC components with a lower MNC and CD34+ cell concentrations and a higher apheresis-related loss of patient's platelets. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Transfusion
volume
43
issue
1
pages
58 - 64
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:12519431
  • scopus:0037224957
ISSN
1537-2995
DOI
10.1046/j.1537-2995.2003.00276.x
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
f91ae022-da6b-46bf-8a5c-cae0d27b039e (old id 1126354)
date added to LUP
2008-06-11 12:41:50
date last changed
2018-01-07 09:01:41
@article{f91ae022-da6b-46bf-8a5c-cae0d27b039e,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) can be collected on various cell separators. Two leukapheresis programs (LP-MNC and LP-PBSC-Lym) were evaluated for computerized collection of PBPCs on a new cell separator. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Leukapheresis assisted by the LP-MNC or LP-PBSC-Lym software was performed for the harvesting of PBPCs in 52 oncology patients after chemotherapy plus G-CSF treatment and in 18 healthy subjects after G-CSF mobilization alone. RESULTS: A total of 38 components from 33 donors via LP-MNC and 43 components from 37 donors via LP-PBSC-Lym were collected with a median of one (range, one to two) standard-volume leukapheresis procedures (9.2-13.3 L) per donor. There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning median counts of WBCs, CD34+ cells, CD34+ cell yields per harvest, and CD34+ cell yields of cumulative harvests. The blood cell counts after leukapheresis revealed that the LP-MNC resulted in significantly higher platelet loss than LP-PBSC-Lym (p = 0.024): 35.9 percent (range, 19.2%-66.1%) versus 29.7 percent (11.6%-52.3%). Regarding the CD34+ cell collection efficiency, the LP-MNC program was significantly better than the LP-PBSC-Lym program (p &lt; 0.001): 77.5 percent (range, 35.5%-98.9%) versus 58.3 percent (range, 20.4%-98.9%). However, concentrates collected by the LP-PBSC-Lym program had significantly higher percentages of MNCs (p &lt; 0.001) and CD34+ cells (p = 0.028) than harvests with the LP-MNC program: 90 percent (range, 69%-99%) versus 70 percent (range, 35%-98%) and 1.2 percent (range, 0.2%-7.3%) versus 0.7 percent (range, 0.2%-6.0%), respectively. No leukapheresis-related serious adverse events were seen, and time for hematopoietic engraftment was equivalent to data published in the literature. CONCLUSION: The LP-MNC program shows a significantly better CD34+ cell collection efficiency than the LP-PBSC-Lym program. However, collections with the LP-MNC program result in PBPC components with a lower MNC and CD34+ cell concentrations and a higher apheresis-related loss of patient's platelets.},
  author       = {Schwella, N and Movassaghi, K and Scheding, Stefan and Ahrens, N and Salama, A},
  issn         = {1537-2995},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {58--64},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Transfusion},
  title        = {Comparison of two leukapheresis programs for computerized collection of blood progenitor cells on a new cell separator},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1537-2995.2003.00276.x},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2003},
}