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Induction of spermatogenesis by recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (puregon) in hypogonadotropic azoospermic men who failed to respond to human chorionic gonadotropin alone

Bouloux, Pierre-Marc G; Nieschlag, Eberhard; Burger, Henry G; Skakkebaek, Niels E; Wu, Frederick C W; Handelsman, David J; Baker, Gordon H W; Ochsenkuehn, Robert; Syska, Annemarie and McLachlan, Robert I, et al. (2003) In Journal of Andrology 24(4). p.604-611
Abstract
A multicenter, open-label, randomized efficacy and safety study was performed with combined human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (recFSH) (Puregon(R)) treatment to induce spermatogenesis in hypogonadotropic hypogonadal male patients. Patients were pretreated for 16 weeks with hCG to normalize testosterone levels. A total of 30 of 49 (61%) subjects had normalized testosterone levels but were still azoospermic after the hCG-alone phase. These patients were randomized into 2 treatment schemes with recFSH (2 x 225 IU recFSH per week [group A] or 3 x 150 IU recFSH per week [group B]), in combination with hCG for a period of 48 weeks. Total testosterone increased during the hCG-alone period from 1.08... (More)
A multicenter, open-label, randomized efficacy and safety study was performed with combined human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (recFSH) (Puregon(R)) treatment to induce spermatogenesis in hypogonadotropic hypogonadal male patients. Patients were pretreated for 16 weeks with hCG to normalize testosterone levels. A total of 30 of 49 (61%) subjects had normalized testosterone levels but were still azoospermic after the hCG-alone phase. These patients were randomized into 2 treatment schemes with recFSH (2 x 225 IU recFSH per week [group A] or 3 x 150 IU recFSH per week [group B]), in combination with hCG for a period of 48 weeks. Total testosterone increased during the hCG-alone period from 1.08 and 1.22 ng/mL to 6.26 and 4.52 ng/mL for groups A and B, respectively. Combined gonadotropin treatment was effective in inducing spermatogenesis (sperm count >/=1 x 10(6)/mL) in 14 of 30 subjects (47%) and this was achieved after a median duration of treatment of approximately 5.5 months. Treatment time necessary for first sperm cells to appear in the ejaculate was related to the initial testicular volume. Subjects with a history of maldescended testes (11 of 30 subjects, 37%) showed a lower mean response to treatment as indicated by the relatively lower number of subjects reaching levels of at least 1 x 10(6) sperm cells per milliliter. Combined testicular volume increased during combined gonadotropin treatment from 11.4 to 24.0 mL. Although subjects with a history of maldescended testes had a lower starting testicular volume, subjects with and without a history of maldescended testes showed approximately the same relative increase in testicular volume. Total testosterone levels showed only a minor further increase during the combined gonadotropin treatment period. In conclusion, a weekly dose of 450 IU (3 x 150 IU or 2 x 225 IU) recFSH, in addition to hCG, was able to induce spermatogenesis in many hypogonadotropic azoospermic men who failed to respond to treatment with hCG alone. (Less)
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Journal of Andrology
volume
24
issue
4
pages
604 - 611
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American Society of Andrology
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  • pmid:12826700
  • scopus:9144263548
ISSN
0196-3635
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English
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42a7c8d5-1cb6-44de-aa49-f5a20f8b3fe0 (old id 1126842)
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2008-06-02 13:49:44
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@article{42a7c8d5-1cb6-44de-aa49-f5a20f8b3fe0,
  abstract     = {A multicenter, open-label, randomized efficacy and safety study was performed with combined human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (recFSH) (Puregon(R)) treatment to induce spermatogenesis in hypogonadotropic hypogonadal male patients. Patients were pretreated for 16 weeks with hCG to normalize testosterone levels. A total of 30 of 49 (61%) subjects had normalized testosterone levels but were still azoospermic after the hCG-alone phase. These patients were randomized into 2 treatment schemes with recFSH (2 x 225 IU recFSH per week [group A] or 3 x 150 IU recFSH per week [group B]), in combination with hCG for a period of 48 weeks. Total testosterone increased during the hCG-alone period from 1.08 and 1.22 ng/mL to 6.26 and 4.52 ng/mL for groups A and B, respectively. Combined gonadotropin treatment was effective in inducing spermatogenesis (sperm count >/=1 x 10(6)/mL) in 14 of 30 subjects (47%) and this was achieved after a median duration of treatment of approximately 5.5 months. Treatment time necessary for first sperm cells to appear in the ejaculate was related to the initial testicular volume. Subjects with a history of maldescended testes (11 of 30 subjects, 37%) showed a lower mean response to treatment as indicated by the relatively lower number of subjects reaching levels of at least 1 x 10(6) sperm cells per milliliter. Combined testicular volume increased during combined gonadotropin treatment from 11.4 to 24.0 mL. Although subjects with a history of maldescended testes had a lower starting testicular volume, subjects with and without a history of maldescended testes showed approximately the same relative increase in testicular volume. Total testosterone levels showed only a minor further increase during the combined gonadotropin treatment period. In conclusion, a weekly dose of 450 IU (3 x 150 IU or 2 x 225 IU) recFSH, in addition to hCG, was able to induce spermatogenesis in many hypogonadotropic azoospermic men who failed to respond to treatment with hCG alone.},
  author       = {Bouloux, Pierre-Marc G and Nieschlag, Eberhard and Burger, Henry G and Skakkebaek, Niels E and Wu, Frederick C W and Handelsman, David J and Baker, Gordon H W and Ochsenkuehn, Robert and Syska, Annemarie and McLachlan, Robert I and Giwercman, Aleksander and Conway, Ann J and Turner, Leo and Van Kuijk, Jacqueline HM and Voortman, Gerrit},
  issn         = {0196-3635},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {604--611},
  publisher    = {American Society of Andrology},
  series       = {Journal of Andrology},
  title        = {Induction of spermatogenesis by recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (puregon) in hypogonadotropic azoospermic men who failed to respond to human chorionic gonadotropin alone},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2003},
}