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Motives for suicide attempts. The views of the patients.

Skogman, Katarina LU and Öjehagen, Agneta LU (2003) In Archives of Suicide Research 7(3). p.193-206
Abstract
This study was designed to investigate the motives patients give for attempting suicide and the associations between these motives and diagnosis, various psychiatric features, suicidal intent and socio-demographic characteristics. The Motives for Parasuicide Questionnaire (MPQ), comprising 14 suggested motives, was presented to 53 patients at a psychiatric ward that specialized in suicide attempters. Escape motives were very common, whereas interpersonal motives were rare. Patients with substance abuse, anxiety, or personality disorders more often chose communicating motives and mentioned higher numbers of motives than those with mood or adjustment disorders. Hopelessness was positively associated with a stated wish to die and with escape... (More)
This study was designed to investigate the motives patients give for attempting suicide and the associations between these motives and diagnosis, various psychiatric features, suicidal intent and socio-demographic characteristics. The Motives for Parasuicide Questionnaire (MPQ), comprising 14 suggested motives, was presented to 53 patients at a psychiatric ward that specialized in suicide attempters. Escape motives were very common, whereas interpersonal motives were rare. Patients with substance abuse, anxiety, or personality disorders more often chose communicating motives and mentioned higher numbers of motives than those with mood or adjustment disorders. Hopelessness was positively associated with a stated wish to die and with escape motives, and negatively correlated to communicating/unclear motives. Suicidal intent was related to some motives. The psychiatric disorder or mental state seems to be more important than socio-demographic characteristics for the choice of motives. Further studies are required to investigate the associations between psychiatric features and motives, as well as the clinical usefulness of such assessments. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Hopelessness, Motives, Psychiatric Disorder, Suicidal Intent, Suicide Attempt
in
Archives of Suicide Research
volume
7
issue
3
pages
193 - 206
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:0038159368
ISSN
1543-6136
DOI
10.1080/13811110301558
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5e208812-052d-49cc-a869-4b70e5bd0da4 (old id 1127019)
date added to LUP
2008-06-10 12:30:50
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:59:06
@article{5e208812-052d-49cc-a869-4b70e5bd0da4,
  abstract     = {This study was designed to investigate the motives patients give for attempting suicide and the associations between these motives and diagnosis, various psychiatric features, suicidal intent and socio-demographic characteristics. The Motives for Parasuicide Questionnaire (MPQ), comprising 14 suggested motives, was presented to 53 patients at a psychiatric ward that specialized in suicide attempters. Escape motives were very common, whereas interpersonal motives were rare. Patients with substance abuse, anxiety, or personality disorders more often chose communicating motives and mentioned higher numbers of motives than those with mood or adjustment disorders. Hopelessness was positively associated with a stated wish to die and with escape motives, and negatively correlated to communicating/unclear motives. Suicidal intent was related to some motives. The psychiatric disorder or mental state seems to be more important than socio-demographic characteristics for the choice of motives. Further studies are required to investigate the associations between psychiatric features and motives, as well as the clinical usefulness of such assessments.},
  author       = {Skogman, Katarina and Öjehagen, Agneta},
  issn         = {1543-6136},
  keyword      = {Hopelessness,Motives,Psychiatric Disorder,Suicidal Intent,Suicide Attempt},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {193--206},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Archives of Suicide Research},
  title        = {Motives for suicide attempts. The views of the patients.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13811110301558},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2003},
}