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Apolipoprotein M

Luo, Guanghua; Zhang, Xiaoying; Nilsson-Ehle, Peter LU and Xu, Ning LU (2004) In Lipids in Health and Disease 3.
Abstract
Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is a 26-kDa protein that is mainly associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in human plasma, with a small proportion present in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLP) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Human apoM gene is located in p21.31 on chromosome 6 (chromosome 17, in mouse). Human apoM cDNA (734 base pairs) encodes 188-amino acid residue-long protein. It belongs to lipocalin protein superfamily. Human tissue expression array study indicates that apoM is only expressed in liver and in kidney and small amounts are found in fetal liver and kidney. In situ apoM mRNA hybridization demonstrates that apoM is exclusively expressed in the hepatocytes and in the tubule epithelial cells in kidney. Expression of... (More)
Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is a 26-kDa protein that is mainly associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in human plasma, with a small proportion present in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLP) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Human apoM gene is located in p21.31 on chromosome 6 (chromosome 17, in mouse). Human apoM cDNA (734 base pairs) encodes 188-amino acid residue-long protein. It belongs to lipocalin protein superfamily. Human tissue expression array study indicates that apoM is only expressed in liver and in kidney and small amounts are found in fetal liver and kidney. In situ apoM mRNA hybridization demonstrates that apoM is exclusively expressed in the hepatocytes and in the tubule epithelial cells in kidney. Expression of apoM could be regulated by platelet activating factor (PAF), transforming growth factors (TGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and leptin in vivo and/or in vitro. It has been demonstrated that apoM expression is dramatically decreased in apoA-I deficient mouse. Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha (HNF-1alpha) is an activator of apoM gene promoter. Deficiency of HNF-1alpha mouse shows lack of apoM expression. Mutations in HNF-1alpha (MODY3) have reduced serum apoM levels. Expression of apoM is significantly decreased in leptin deficient (ob/ob) mouse or leptin receptor deficient (db/db) mouse. ApoM concentration in plasma is positively correlated to leptin level in obese subjects. These may suggest that apoM is related to the initiation and progression of MODY3 and/or obesity. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Lipids in Health and Disease
volume
3
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • pmid:15461812
  • scopus:8844269135
ISSN
1476-511X
DOI
10.1186/1476-511X-3-21
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3f2a08dc-c286-4265-b6c7-de6c5ca0fac8 (old id 1129791)
date added to LUP
2008-06-16 16:31:23
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:05:01
@article{3f2a08dc-c286-4265-b6c7-de6c5ca0fac8,
  abstract     = {Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is a 26-kDa protein that is mainly associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in human plasma, with a small proportion present in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLP) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Human apoM gene is located in p21.31 on chromosome 6 (chromosome 17, in mouse). Human apoM cDNA (734 base pairs) encodes 188-amino acid residue-long protein. It belongs to lipocalin protein superfamily. Human tissue expression array study indicates that apoM is only expressed in liver and in kidney and small amounts are found in fetal liver and kidney. In situ apoM mRNA hybridization demonstrates that apoM is exclusively expressed in the hepatocytes and in the tubule epithelial cells in kidney. Expression of apoM could be regulated by platelet activating factor (PAF), transforming growth factors (TGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and leptin in vivo and/or in vitro. It has been demonstrated that apoM expression is dramatically decreased in apoA-I deficient mouse. Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha (HNF-1alpha) is an activator of apoM gene promoter. Deficiency of HNF-1alpha mouse shows lack of apoM expression. Mutations in HNF-1alpha (MODY3) have reduced serum apoM levels. Expression of apoM is significantly decreased in leptin deficient (ob/ob) mouse or leptin receptor deficient (db/db) mouse. ApoM concentration in plasma is positively correlated to leptin level in obese subjects. These may suggest that apoM is related to the initiation and progression of MODY3 and/or obesity.},
  articleno    = {21},
  author       = {Luo, Guanghua and Zhang, Xiaoying and Nilsson-Ehle, Peter and Xu, Ning},
  issn         = {1476-511X},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Lipids in Health and Disease},
  title        = {Apolipoprotein M},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-511X-3-21},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2004},
}