Advanced

Screening a combinatorial peptide library to develop a human glandular kallikrein 2-activated prodrug as targeted therapy for prostate cancer

Janssen, Samuel; Jakobsen, Carsten M; Rosen, D Marc; Ricklis, Rebecca M; Reineke, Ulrich; Christensen, Soeren B; Lilja, Hans LU and Denmeade, Samuel R (2004) In Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 3(11). p.1439-1450
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer cells secrete the unique protease human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) that represents a target for proteolytic activation of cytotoxic prodrugs. The objective of this study was to identify hK2-selective peptide substrates that could be coupled to a cytotoxic analogue of thapsigargin, a potent inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase pump that induces cell proliferation-independent apoptosis through dysregulation of intracellular calcium levels. METHODS: To identify peptide sequence requirements for hK2, a combination of membrane-bound peptides (SPOT analysis) and combinatorial chemistry using fluorescence-quenched peptide substrates was used. Peptide substrates were then coupled to... (More)
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer cells secrete the unique protease human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) that represents a target for proteolytic activation of cytotoxic prodrugs. The objective of this study was to identify hK2-selective peptide substrates that could be coupled to a cytotoxic analogue of thapsigargin, a potent inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase pump that induces cell proliferation-independent apoptosis through dysregulation of intracellular calcium levels. METHODS: To identify peptide sequence requirements for hK2, a combination of membrane-bound peptides (SPOT analysis) and combinatorial chemistry using fluorescence-quenched peptide substrates was used. Peptide substrates were then coupled to 8-O-(12[L-leucinoylamino]dodecanoyl)-8-O-debutanoylthapsigargin (L12ADT), a potent analogue of thapsigargin, to produce a prodrug that was then characterized for hK2 hydrolysis, plasma stability, and in vitro cytotoxicity. RESULTS: Both techniques indicated that a peptide with two arginines NH2-terminal of the scissile bond produced the highest rates of hydrolysis. A lead peptide substrate with the sequence Gly-Lys-Ala-Phe-Arg-Arg (GKAFRR) was hydrolyzed by hK2 with a Km of 26.5 micromol/L, kcat of 1.09 s(-1), and a kcat/Km ratio of 41,132 s(-1) mol/L(-1). The GKAFRR-L12ADT prodrug was rapidly hydrolyzed by hK2 and was stable in plasma, whereas the GKAFRR-L peptide substrate was unstable in human plasma. The hK2-activated thapsigargin prodrug was not activated by cathepsin B, cathepsin D, and urokinase but was an excellent substrate for plasmin. The GKAFRR-L12ADT was selectively cytotoxic in vitro to cancer cells in the presence of enzymatically active hK2. CONCLUSION: The hK2-activated thapsigargin prodrug represents potential novel targeted therapy for prostate cancer. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
volume
3
issue
11
pages
1439 - 1450
publisher
American Association for Cancer Research
external identifiers
  • pmid:15542783
  • scopus:9444268199
ISSN
1538-8514
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
ac5ed4bc-bf29-4013-ab8a-69d879ef6115 (old id 1130045)
date added to LUP
2008-06-16 11:40:37
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:37:02
@article{ac5ed4bc-bf29-4013-ab8a-69d879ef6115,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer cells secrete the unique protease human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) that represents a target for proteolytic activation of cytotoxic prodrugs. The objective of this study was to identify hK2-selective peptide substrates that could be coupled to a cytotoxic analogue of thapsigargin, a potent inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase pump that induces cell proliferation-independent apoptosis through dysregulation of intracellular calcium levels. METHODS: To identify peptide sequence requirements for hK2, a combination of membrane-bound peptides (SPOT analysis) and combinatorial chemistry using fluorescence-quenched peptide substrates was used. Peptide substrates were then coupled to 8-O-(12[L-leucinoylamino]dodecanoyl)-8-O-debutanoylthapsigargin (L12ADT), a potent analogue of thapsigargin, to produce a prodrug that was then characterized for hK2 hydrolysis, plasma stability, and in vitro cytotoxicity. RESULTS: Both techniques indicated that a peptide with two arginines NH2-terminal of the scissile bond produced the highest rates of hydrolysis. A lead peptide substrate with the sequence Gly-Lys-Ala-Phe-Arg-Arg (GKAFRR) was hydrolyzed by hK2 with a Km of 26.5 micromol/L, kcat of 1.09 s(-1), and a kcat/Km ratio of 41,132 s(-1) mol/L(-1). The GKAFRR-L12ADT prodrug was rapidly hydrolyzed by hK2 and was stable in plasma, whereas the GKAFRR-L peptide substrate was unstable in human plasma. The hK2-activated thapsigargin prodrug was not activated by cathepsin B, cathepsin D, and urokinase but was an excellent substrate for plasmin. The GKAFRR-L12ADT was selectively cytotoxic in vitro to cancer cells in the presence of enzymatically active hK2. CONCLUSION: The hK2-activated thapsigargin prodrug represents potential novel targeted therapy for prostate cancer.},
  author       = {Janssen, Samuel and Jakobsen, Carsten M and Rosen, D Marc and Ricklis, Rebecca M and Reineke, Ulrich and Christensen, Soeren B and Lilja, Hans and Denmeade, Samuel R},
  issn         = {1538-8514},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1439--1450},
  publisher    = {American Association for Cancer Research},
  series       = {Molecular Cancer Therapeutics},
  title        = {Screening a combinatorial peptide library to develop a human glandular kallikrein 2-activated prodrug as targeted therapy for prostate cancer},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2004},
}