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Conceptual and perceptual factors in the picture superiority effect

Stenberg, Georg LU (2006) In European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 18(6). p.813-847
Abstract
The picture superiority effect, i.e. better memory for pictures than for corresponding words, has been variously ascribed to a conceptual or a perceptual processing advantage. The present study aimed to disentangle perceptual and conceptual contributions. Pictures and words were tested for recognition in both their original formats and translated into participants´ second language. Multinomial Processing Tree (Batchelder & Riefer, 1999) and MINERVA (Hintzman, 1984) models were fitted to the data, and parameters corresponding to perceptual and conceptual recognition were estimated. Over three experiments, orienting tasks were varied, with neutral (Exp 1), semantic (Exp. 2), and perceptual (Exp. 3) instructions, and the encoding... (More)
The picture superiority effect, i.e. better memory for pictures than for corresponding words, has been variously ascribed to a conceptual or a perceptual processing advantage. The present study aimed to disentangle perceptual and conceptual contributions. Pictures and words were tested for recognition in both their original formats and translated into participants´ second language. Multinomial Processing Tree (Batchelder & Riefer, 1999) and MINERVA (Hintzman, 1984) models were fitted to the data, and parameters corresponding to perceptual and conceptual recognition were estimated. Over three experiments, orienting tasks were varied, with neutral (Exp 1), semantic (Exp. 2), and perceptual (Exp. 3) instructions, and the encoding manipulations were used to validate the parameters. Results indicate that there is picture superiority in both conceptual and perceptual memory, but conceptual processing makes a stronger contribution to the advantage of pictures over words in recognition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
volume
18
issue
6
pages
813 - 847
publisher
Psychology Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:33748787408
ISSN
1464-0635
DOI
10.1080/09541440500412361
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a646387f-d7f1-47ea-88f9-8106c66b92e8 (old id 1136443)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:16:07
date last changed
2020-12-08 01:56:59
@article{a646387f-d7f1-47ea-88f9-8106c66b92e8,
  abstract     = {The picture superiority effect, i.e. better memory for pictures than for corresponding words, has been variously ascribed to a conceptual or a perceptual processing advantage. The present study aimed to disentangle perceptual and conceptual contributions. Pictures and words were tested for recognition in both their original formats and translated into participants´ second language. Multinomial Processing Tree (Batchelder & Riefer, 1999) and MINERVA (Hintzman, 1984) models were fitted to the data, and parameters corresponding to perceptual and conceptual recognition were estimated. Over three experiments, orienting tasks were varied, with neutral (Exp 1), semantic (Exp. 2), and perceptual (Exp. 3) instructions, and the encoding manipulations were used to validate the parameters. Results indicate that there is picture superiority in both conceptual and perceptual memory, but conceptual processing makes a stronger contribution to the advantage of pictures over words in recognition.},
  author       = {Stenberg, Georg},
  issn         = {1464-0635},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {813--847},
  publisher    = {Psychology Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Cognitive Psychology},
  title        = {Conceptual and perceptual factors in the picture superiority effect},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09541440500412361},
  doi          = {10.1080/09541440500412361},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2006},
}