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Xenobiotic activity in serum and sperm chromatin integrity in European and inuit populations

Kruger, T; Spano, M; Long, M; Eleuteri, P; Rescia, M; Hjelmborg, PS; Manicardi, GC; Bizzaro, D; Giwercman, Aleksander LU and Toft, G, et al. (2008) In Molecular Reproduction and Development 75(4). p.669-680
Abstract
Lipophilic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitous in the environment and suspected to interfere with hormone activities and reproduction. In previous studies we demonstrated that POP exposure can affect sperm DNA integrity and differences between Inuits and Europeans in sperm DNA integrity and xenobiotic activity were observed. The aim of this study was to investigate possible relations between human sperm chromatin integrity and the xenobiotic serum activity of lipophilic POPs assessed as effects on the estrogen (ER), androgen (AR), and/or aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptors. Human sperm chromatin integrity was assessed as DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) and high DNA stainability (%HDS) using the flow cytometric sperm chromatin... (More)
Lipophilic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitous in the environment and suspected to interfere with hormone activities and reproduction. In previous studies we demonstrated that POP exposure can affect sperm DNA integrity and differences between Inuits and Europeans in sperm DNA integrity and xenobiotic activity were observed. The aim of this study was to investigate possible relations between human sperm chromatin integrity and the xenobiotic serum activity of lipophilic POPs assessed as effects on the estrogen (ER), androgen (AR), and/or aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptors. Human sperm chromatin integrity was assessed as DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) and high DNA stainability (%HDS) using the flow cytometric sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA). Xenobiotic receptor activities were determined using chemically activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) assay. The study included 53 Greenlandic Inuits and 247 Europeans (Sweden, Warsaw (Poland) and Kharkiv (Ukraine)). A heterogeneous pattern of correlations was found. For Inuits, ER and AhR activities and %DFI were inversely correlated, whereas a positive correlation between AR activity and %DFI was found for Europeans. In contrast, no correlation between receptor activities and %HDS was observed for Inuits but for Europeans positive and negative correlations were observed between ER and AR activities and %HDS, respectively. We suggest that the different patterns of xenobiotic serum activities, in combination with diet associated factors and/or genetics, might be connected to the observed differences in sperm chromatin integrity between the Inuits and Europeans. Mol. Reprod. Dev. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. (Less)
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Molecular Reproduction and Development
volume
75
issue
4
pages
669 - 680
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • pmid:18076054
  • wos:000253665400012
  • scopus:40049105202
ISSN
1040-452X
DOI
10.1002/mrd.20747
language
English
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yes
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dfc2f545-eef3-45a9-b2b3-2a1bd1ca6fb7 (old id 1141468)
date added to LUP
2008-08-06 13:58:15
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2017-09-10 03:39:58
@article{dfc2f545-eef3-45a9-b2b3-2a1bd1ca6fb7,
  abstract     = {Lipophilic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitous in the environment and suspected to interfere with hormone activities and reproduction. In previous studies we demonstrated that POP exposure can affect sperm DNA integrity and differences between Inuits and Europeans in sperm DNA integrity and xenobiotic activity were observed. The aim of this study was to investigate possible relations between human sperm chromatin integrity and the xenobiotic serum activity of lipophilic POPs assessed as effects on the estrogen (ER), androgen (AR), and/or aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptors. Human sperm chromatin integrity was assessed as DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) and high DNA stainability (%HDS) using the flow cytometric sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA). Xenobiotic receptor activities were determined using chemically activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) assay. The study included 53 Greenlandic Inuits and 247 Europeans (Sweden, Warsaw (Poland) and Kharkiv (Ukraine)). A heterogeneous pattern of correlations was found. For Inuits, ER and AhR activities and %DFI were inversely correlated, whereas a positive correlation between AR activity and %DFI was found for Europeans. In contrast, no correlation between receptor activities and %HDS was observed for Inuits but for Europeans positive and negative correlations were observed between ER and AR activities and %HDS, respectively. We suggest that the different patterns of xenobiotic serum activities, in combination with diet associated factors and/or genetics, might be connected to the observed differences in sperm chromatin integrity between the Inuits and Europeans. Mol. Reprod. Dev. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.},
  author       = {Kruger, T and Spano, M and Long, M and Eleuteri, P and Rescia, M and Hjelmborg, PS and Manicardi, GC and Bizzaro, D and Giwercman, Aleksander and Toft, G and Bonde, JP and Bonefeld-Jorgensen, EC},
  issn         = {1040-452X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {669--680},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Molecular Reproduction and Development},
  title        = {Xenobiotic activity in serum and sperm chromatin integrity in European and inuit populations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrd.20747},
  volume       = {75},
  year         = {2008},
}