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Long-term prognostic factors after thrombolysis for lower limb ischemia.

Kuoppala, Monica LU ; Franzén, Sofia LU ; Lindblad, Bengt LU and Acosta, Stefan LU (2008) In Journal of Vascular Surgery 47(6). p.1243-1250
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed prognostic factors regarding long-term outcome for amputation and death among patients who underwent intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia. METHODS: Consecutive patients with intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia treated at the Department of Vascular Diseases, University Hospital of Malmö, between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2005, were retrospectively reviewed. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors for amputation and death. RESULTS: A total of 220 intra-arterial thrombolysis procedures were performed in 195 patients (46% women). Median age was 73 years. Complete and partial thrombolysis was obtained in 41% and 38%,... (More)
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed prognostic factors regarding long-term outcome for amputation and death among patients who underwent intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia. METHODS: Consecutive patients with intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia treated at the Department of Vascular Diseases, University Hospital of Malmö, between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2005, were retrospectively reviewed. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors for amputation and death. RESULTS: A total of 220 intra-arterial thrombolysis procedures were performed in 195 patients (46% women). Median age was 73 years. Complete and partial thrombolysis was obtained in 41% and 38%, respectively. Hemorrhagic complications were documented in 33%, but only 6% (13 of 220) were interrupted. The amputation rate was 26% and mortality was 35% during a median follow-up of 32 months. Degree of lysis (hazard ratio [HR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.4-9.7; P < .001), motor deficit at admission (HR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.8-8.7; P = .001), foot ulcers (HR, 7.2; 95% CI, 2.2-23.4; P = .001), and ischemic heart disease (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .024) remained as independent factors associated with amputation. Renal insufficiency (HR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.4-4.2; P = .003), ischemic heart disease (HR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2-3.7; P = .007), cerebrovascular disease (HR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.2-4.0; P = .009), foot ulcers (HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.2-8.6; P = .019), and acute lower limb ischemia (HR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1-10.1; P = .028) remained as independent factors associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombolysis is successful, with few major complications in most patients with lower limb ischemia. Patients with ischemic heart disease and foot ulcers are at higher long-term risk for both amputation and death. A lesser degree of lysis and motor deficit were associated with higher amputation rates. The presence of such negative prognostic factors may help clinicians to deny further invasive vascular treatment. Renal insufficiency, cerebrovascular disease, and acute lower limb ischemia were associated with increased mortality. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Vascular Surgery
volume
47
issue
6
pages
1243 - 1250
publisher
Mosby
external identifiers
  • wos:000256389900017
  • pmid:18514841
  • scopus:44349093729
ISSN
1097-6809
DOI
10.1016/j.jvs.2008.01.053
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6eeb10e6-90aa-4af3-98be-fcf509b6e856 (old id 1169376)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18514841?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-07-02 11:08:00
date last changed
2017-05-21 04:04:44
@article{6eeb10e6-90aa-4af3-98be-fcf509b6e856,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: This study assessed prognostic factors regarding long-term outcome for amputation and death among patients who underwent intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia. METHODS: Consecutive patients with intra-arterial thrombolysis due to lower limb ischemia treated at the Department of Vascular Diseases, University Hospital of Malmö, between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2005, were retrospectively reviewed. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors for amputation and death. RESULTS: A total of 220 intra-arterial thrombolysis procedures were performed in 195 patients (46% women). Median age was 73 years. Complete and partial thrombolysis was obtained in 41% and 38%, respectively. Hemorrhagic complications were documented in 33%, but only 6% (13 of 220) were interrupted. The amputation rate was 26% and mortality was 35% during a median follow-up of 32 months. Degree of lysis (hazard ratio [HR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.4-9.7; P &lt; .001), motor deficit at admission (HR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.8-8.7; P = .001), foot ulcers (HR, 7.2; 95% CI, 2.2-23.4; P = .001), and ischemic heart disease (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.1-4.8; P = .024) remained as independent factors associated with amputation. Renal insufficiency (HR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.4-4.2; P = .003), ischemic heart disease (HR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2-3.7; P = .007), cerebrovascular disease (HR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.2-4.0; P = .009), foot ulcers (HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.2-8.6; P = .019), and acute lower limb ischemia (HR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1-10.1; P = .028) remained as independent factors associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombolysis is successful, with few major complications in most patients with lower limb ischemia. Patients with ischemic heart disease and foot ulcers are at higher long-term risk for both amputation and death. A lesser degree of lysis and motor deficit were associated with higher amputation rates. The presence of such negative prognostic factors may help clinicians to deny further invasive vascular treatment. Renal insufficiency, cerebrovascular disease, and acute lower limb ischemia were associated with increased mortality.},
  author       = {Kuoppala, Monica and Franzén, Sofia and Lindblad, Bengt and Acosta, Stefan},
  issn         = {1097-6809},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1243--1250},
  publisher    = {Mosby},
  series       = {Journal of Vascular Surgery},
  title        = {Long-term prognostic factors after thrombolysis for lower limb ischemia.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2008.01.053},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2008},
}