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The Bronze Age landscape of the Bjare peninsula, southern Sweden, and its relationship to burial mounds

Hannon, Gina E; Bradshaw, Richard. H W; Nord, Jenny LU and Gustafsson, Mats (2008) In Journal of Archaeological Science 35(3). p.623-632
Abstract
Palaeoecological analyses from a small fen deposit, combined with pollen analysis from buried soil profiles under prehistoric burial mounds, have been used to investigate the timing and vegetation change associated with the Holocene development of a cultural landscape in southern Sweden. Traditional pollen analysis is complemented with plant macrofossil analysis and soil pollen analysis from within and in close proximity to the burial mounds in the coastal Bjare peninsula, well known for its high density of well-preserved Bronze Age monuments. The vegetation development is linked to the construction of the burial mounds. A marked increase of cultural impact on the landscape is recorded during the Neolithic-Bronze Age transition and... (More)
Palaeoecological analyses from a small fen deposit, combined with pollen analysis from buried soil profiles under prehistoric burial mounds, have been used to investigate the timing and vegetation change associated with the Holocene development of a cultural landscape in southern Sweden. Traditional pollen analysis is complemented with plant macrofossil analysis and soil pollen analysis from within and in close proximity to the burial mounds in the coastal Bjare peninsula, well known for its high density of well-preserved Bronze Age monuments. The vegetation development is linked to the construction of the burial mounds. A marked increase of cultural impact on the landscape is recorded during the Neolithic-Bronze Age transition and estimates of landscape openness suggest that by the onset of the Bronze Age, forest cover was only 20-40%, falling to 10% in the immediate vicinity of the burial mounds themselves. The coastal strip appears to have been affected by human activity to a greater extent and at an earlier date than sites from further inland in southern Sweden and the Bronze Age burial mounds were most likely designed to be visible in a largely deforested landscape. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
pollen, Bronze Age landscape, deforestation, plant macrofossils
in
Journal of Archaeological Science
volume
35
issue
3
pages
623 - 632
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000253743900010
  • scopus:38349179167
ISSN
1095-9238
DOI
10.1016/j.jas.2007.05.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d0a65ecf-33fa-4411-963b-4f79e7c1d41a (old id 1186012)
date added to LUP
2008-09-03 12:08:52
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:28:07
@article{d0a65ecf-33fa-4411-963b-4f79e7c1d41a,
  abstract     = {Palaeoecological analyses from a small fen deposit, combined with pollen analysis from buried soil profiles under prehistoric burial mounds, have been used to investigate the timing and vegetation change associated with the Holocene development of a cultural landscape in southern Sweden. Traditional pollen analysis is complemented with plant macrofossil analysis and soil pollen analysis from within and in close proximity to the burial mounds in the coastal Bjare peninsula, well known for its high density of well-preserved Bronze Age monuments. The vegetation development is linked to the construction of the burial mounds. A marked increase of cultural impact on the landscape is recorded during the Neolithic-Bronze Age transition and estimates of landscape openness suggest that by the onset of the Bronze Age, forest cover was only 20-40%, falling to 10% in the immediate vicinity of the burial mounds themselves. The coastal strip appears to have been affected by human activity to a greater extent and at an earlier date than sites from further inland in southern Sweden and the Bronze Age burial mounds were most likely designed to be visible in a largely deforested landscape.},
  author       = {Hannon, Gina E and Bradshaw, Richard. H W and Nord, Jenny and Gustafsson, Mats},
  issn         = {1095-9238},
  keyword      = {pollen,Bronze Age landscape,deforestation,plant macrofossils},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {623--632},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Archaeological Science},
  title        = {The Bronze Age landscape of the Bjare peninsula, southern Sweden, and its relationship to burial mounds},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.05.009},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2008},
}