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The effect of irradiation, annealing temperature, and artificial aging on the oxidation, mechanical properties, and fracture mechanisms of UHMWPE.

Luisetto, Yannick LU ; Wesslén, Bengt LU ; Maurer, Frans LU and Lidgren, Lars LU (2003) In Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 67A(3). p.908-917
Abstract
UHMWPE crosslinked using Gamma radiation is believed to have improved wear properties, and this has been extensively studied during the past 10 years. Mechanical properties, oxidation, and wear properties of UHMWPE materials subjected to various thermal treatments have been investigated immediately after irradiation as well as after several years of aging. Nevertheless, the relationship between all these parameters is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the thermal treatments that could be applied to irradiated UHMWPE [lower (60) or higher (150) than 140°C, the melting temperature of the polymer] and the mechanical properties, the oxidation and the fracture behavior of the material.... (More)
UHMWPE crosslinked using Gamma radiation is believed to have improved wear properties, and this has been extensively studied during the past 10 years. Mechanical properties, oxidation, and wear properties of UHMWPE materials subjected to various thermal treatments have been investigated immediately after irradiation as well as after several years of aging. Nevertheless, the relationship between all these parameters is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the thermal treatments that could be applied to irradiated UHMWPE [lower (60) or higher (150) than 140°C, the melting temperature of the polymer] and the mechanical properties, the oxidation and the fracture behavior of the material. The effect of artificial aging on these properties was also investigated. This study concludes that immediately after the annealing, the mechanical properties (UTS and ) of the irradiated and annealed material are improved compared with those of nonirradiated material. Although nonirradiated material has higher fracture toughness than irradiated and annealed materials, the materials break according to the same mechanism of fracture. After aging, no changes could be observed in any of the measured properties for nonirradiated material. On the other hand, important changes could be seen in both irradiated and annealed material after aging. Both UTS and decreased, much more so in the case of 60. Furthermore, the aging induced a subsurface peak of oxidation in both irradiated and annealed materials, twice as intense for 60 than for 150. The mechanism of fracture of these materials changed drastically after aging, probably due to the presence of the oxidation peak, which seems to occur at a location where cracks initiate easily compared with the nonoxidized bulk of the material. In the case of 60, it seems clear that a correlation between mechanical property, oxidation, and fracture mechanism exists. Such a relationship could not be found for 150. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
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Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
volume
67A
issue
3
pages
908 - 917
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • pmid:14613239
  • wos:000186835000025
  • scopus:0346124144
ISSN
0021-9304
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English
LU publication?
yes
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1e16ac98-3539-4295-9be0-ff3a34442a29 (old id 118973)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=14613239&ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum
date added to LUP
2007-07-03 15:41:38
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2018-05-29 11:06:15
@article{1e16ac98-3539-4295-9be0-ff3a34442a29,
  abstract     = {UHMWPE crosslinked using Gamma radiation is believed to have improved wear properties, and this has been extensively studied during the past 10 years. Mechanical properties, oxidation, and wear properties of UHMWPE materials subjected to various thermal treatments have been investigated immediately after irradiation as well as after several years of aging. Nevertheless, the relationship between all these parameters is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the thermal treatments that could be applied to irradiated UHMWPE [lower (60) or higher (150) than 140°C, the melting temperature of the polymer] and the mechanical properties, the oxidation and the fracture behavior of the material. The effect of artificial aging on these properties was also investigated. This study concludes that immediately after the annealing, the mechanical properties (UTS and ) of the irradiated and annealed material are improved compared with those of nonirradiated material. Although nonirradiated material has higher fracture toughness than irradiated and annealed materials, the materials break according to the same mechanism of fracture. After aging, no changes could be observed in any of the measured properties for nonirradiated material. On the other hand, important changes could be seen in both irradiated and annealed material after aging. Both UTS and decreased, much more so in the case of 60. Furthermore, the aging induced a subsurface peak of oxidation in both irradiated and annealed materials, twice as intense for 60 than for 150. The mechanism of fracture of these materials changed drastically after aging, probably due to the presence of the oxidation peak, which seems to occur at a location where cracks initiate easily compared with the nonoxidized bulk of the material. In the case of 60, it seems clear that a correlation between mechanical property, oxidation, and fracture mechanism exists. Such a relationship could not be found for 150. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.},
  author       = {Luisetto, Yannick and Wesslén, Bengt and Maurer, Frans and Lidgren, Lars},
  issn         = {0021-9304},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {908--917},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Journal of Biomedical Materials Research},
  title        = {The effect of irradiation, annealing temperature, and artificial aging on the oxidation, mechanical properties, and fracture mechanisms of UHMWPE.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {67A},
  year         = {2003},
}