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Utilization of agricultural residues for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production by Halomonas boliviensis LC1

Doan Van, Thuoc LU ; Quillaguaman, Jorge LU ; Mamo, Gashaw LU and Mattiasson, Bo LU (2008) In Journal of Applied Microbiology 104(2). p.420-428
Abstract
Aims: Utilization of cheap and readily available agricultural residues as cheap carbon sources for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production by Halomonas boliviensis. Methods and results: Wheat bran was hydrolysed by a crude enzyme preparation from Aspergillus oryzae NM1 to provide a mixture of reducing sugars composed mainly of glucose, mannose, xylose and arabinose. Growth of H. boliviensis using a mixture of glucose (0.75% w/v) and xylose (0.25% w/v) in the medium led to a PHB content and concentration of 45 wt% and 1 g l(-1), respectively, after 30 h. A similar PHB concentration was attained when H. boliviensis was grown on wheat bran hydrolysate but with a lower PHB content, 34 wt%. In a batch cultivation mode in a fermentor, using... (More)
Aims: Utilization of cheap and readily available agricultural residues as cheap carbon sources for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production by Halomonas boliviensis. Methods and results: Wheat bran was hydrolysed by a crude enzyme preparation from Aspergillus oryzae NM1 to provide a mixture of reducing sugars composed mainly of glucose, mannose, xylose and arabinose. Growth of H. boliviensis using a mixture of glucose (0.75% w/v) and xylose (0.25% w/v) in the medium led to a PHB content and concentration of 45 wt% and 1 g l(-1), respectively, after 30 h. A similar PHB concentration was attained when H. boliviensis was grown on wheat bran hydrolysate but with a lower PHB content, 34 wt%. In a batch cultivation mode in a fermentor, using 1.8% (w/v) reducing sugars, the maximum PHB accumulation by H. boliviensis was attained in 20 h, but was reduced to about 30 wt%. By adding butyric acid (0.8% v/v), sodium acetate (0.8% w/v) and decreasing the reducing sugars concentration to 1.0% w/v in the medium, PHB accumulation and concentration were increased to 50 wt% and 4 g l(-1), respectively, after 20 h. Butyric acid and sodium acetate for PHB production could also be provided by anaerobic digestion of solid potato waste. Conclusions: Cheap and readily available agricultural residues can be used as substrates to produce PHB. The production of PHB by H. boliviensis using wheat bran hydrolysate as source of carbon is expected to reduce the production cost and motivates further studies. Significance and Impact of the Study: Large-scale commercial utilization of PHB is mainly hampered by its high production cost. Carbon source for PHB production accounts up to 50% of the total production costs. Thus, the use of waste agricultural residues can substantially reduce the substrate cost (and in turn even provide value to the waste), and can downsize the production costs. This improves the market competitiveness. Studies on PHB production by moderate halophiles were recently initiated with H. boliviensis and findings show that it has potential for commercial exploitation. PHB production by H. boliviensis using wheat bran and potato waste is hence interesting. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
wheat bran hydrolysate, potato waste, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), moderate halophile, anaerobic digestion, Halomonas boliviensis
in
Journal of Applied Microbiology
volume
104
issue
2
pages
420 - 428
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000252496100011
  • scopus:38349193414
ISSN
1364-5072
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03553.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d8da7750-efad-4342-b1c2-9f4273b5d9f9 (old id 1199876)
date added to LUP
2008-09-11 13:04:25
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:34:51
@article{d8da7750-efad-4342-b1c2-9f4273b5d9f9,
  abstract     = {Aims: Utilization of cheap and readily available agricultural residues as cheap carbon sources for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production by Halomonas boliviensis. Methods and results: Wheat bran was hydrolysed by a crude enzyme preparation from Aspergillus oryzae NM1 to provide a mixture of reducing sugars composed mainly of glucose, mannose, xylose and arabinose. Growth of H. boliviensis using a mixture of glucose (0.75% w/v) and xylose (0.25% w/v) in the medium led to a PHB content and concentration of 45 wt% and 1 g l(-1), respectively, after 30 h. A similar PHB concentration was attained when H. boliviensis was grown on wheat bran hydrolysate but with a lower PHB content, 34 wt%. In a batch cultivation mode in a fermentor, using 1.8% (w/v) reducing sugars, the maximum PHB accumulation by H. boliviensis was attained in 20 h, but was reduced to about 30 wt%. By adding butyric acid (0.8% v/v), sodium acetate (0.8% w/v) and decreasing the reducing sugars concentration to 1.0% w/v in the medium, PHB accumulation and concentration were increased to 50 wt% and 4 g l(-1), respectively, after 20 h. Butyric acid and sodium acetate for PHB production could also be provided by anaerobic digestion of solid potato waste. Conclusions: Cheap and readily available agricultural residues can be used as substrates to produce PHB. The production of PHB by H. boliviensis using wheat bran hydrolysate as source of carbon is expected to reduce the production cost and motivates further studies. Significance and Impact of the Study: Large-scale commercial utilization of PHB is mainly hampered by its high production cost. Carbon source for PHB production accounts up to 50% of the total production costs. Thus, the use of waste agricultural residues can substantially reduce the substrate cost (and in turn even provide value to the waste), and can downsize the production costs. This improves the market competitiveness. Studies on PHB production by moderate halophiles were recently initiated with H. boliviensis and findings show that it has potential for commercial exploitation. PHB production by H. boliviensis using wheat bran and potato waste is hence interesting.},
  author       = {Doan Van, Thuoc and Quillaguaman, Jorge and Mamo, Gashaw and Mattiasson, Bo},
  issn         = {1364-5072},
  keyword      = {wheat bran hydrolysate,potato waste,poly(3-hydroxybutyrate),moderate halophile,anaerobic digestion,Halomonas boliviensis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {420--428},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Applied Microbiology},
  title        = {Utilization of agricultural residues for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production by Halomonas boliviensis LC1},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03553.x},
  volume       = {104},
  year         = {2008},
}