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Acetonitrile and Propionitrile Exchange at Palladium(II) and Platinum(II)

Wendt, Ola LU ; N. F., Kaiser and Elding, Lars Ivar LU (1997) In Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions 1997(24). p.4733-4737
Abstract (Swedish)
Ligand exchange at square-planar [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pd(EtCN)4]2+ has been studied by 1H NMR line broadening and at [Pt(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pt(EtCN)4]2+ by isotopic labelling using 1H NMR spectroscopy in deuteriated nitromethane. Exchange takes place via two-term rate laws Rex/4 = (k1 + k2[RCN])cM with well defined k1 paths. Rate constants per co-ordination site k1298/s–1, k2298/kg mol–1 s–1 are 6.9 ± 1.6, 34 ± 3; 0.59 ± 0.12, 34 ± 3; 10.7 ± 1.8, 35 ± 4; (5.1 ± 2.3) × 10–6, (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10–5 and (5.5 ± 1.0) × 10–6, (3.3 ± 0.2) × 10–5 for [Pd(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, [Pd(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pt(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2 and [Pt(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, respectively. For [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ the k1 path is much larger for triflate than for tetrafluoroborate... (More)
Ligand exchange at square-planar [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pd(EtCN)4]2+ has been studied by 1H NMR line broadening and at [Pt(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pt(EtCN)4]2+ by isotopic labelling using 1H NMR spectroscopy in deuteriated nitromethane. Exchange takes place via two-term rate laws Rex/4 = (k1 + k2[RCN])cM with well defined k1 paths. Rate constants per co-ordination site k1298/s–1, k2298/kg mol–1 s–1 are 6.9 ± 1.6, 34 ± 3; 0.59 ± 0.12, 34 ± 3; 10.7 ± 1.8, 35 ± 4; (5.1 ± 2.3) × 10–6, (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10–5 and (5.5 ± 1.0) × 10–6, (3.3 ± 0.2) × 10–5 for [Pd(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, [Pd(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pt(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2 and [Pt(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, respectively. For [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ the k1 path is much larger for triflate than for tetrafluoroborate as counter ion. Changing the tetrafluoroborate concentration has no effect on the exchange rate of acetonitrile at [Pd(MeCN)4]2+. In this case the k1 path is ascribed to an attack by solvent at the metal centre. For triflate saturation kinetics is observed. This can be rationalized in terms of ion-pair formation followed by reversible intramolecular exchange of nitrile for triflate within the ion pair, with an equilibrium constant Kip300 = 8 ± 2 kg mol–1 and a rate constant k300 = 12.5 ± 1.3 s–1. All activation entropies are negative, indicating associative activation. A new, simple one-step synthesis of the substrate complexes as their triflate salts, using [M(acac)2] (acac = acetylacetonate) as starting material, and of [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2 using palladium(II) acetate, is described. (Less)
Abstract
Ligand exchange at square-planar [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pd(EtCN)4]2+ has been studied by 1H NMR line broadening and at [Pt(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pt(EtCN)4]2+ by isotopic labelling using 1H NMR spectroscopy in deuteriated nitromethane. Exchange takes place via two-term rate laws Rex/4 = (k1 + k2[RCN])cM with well defined k1 paths. Rate constants per co-ordination site k1298/s–1, k2298/kg mol–1 s–1 are 6.9 ± 1.6, 34 ± 3; 0.59 ± 0.12, 34 ± 3; 10.7 ± 1.8, 35 ± 4; (5.1 ± 2.3) × 10–6, (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10–5 and (5.5 ± 1.0) × 10–6, (3.3 ± 0.2) × 10–5 for [Pd(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, [Pd(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pt(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2 and [Pt(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, respectively. For [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ the k1 path is much larger for triflate than for tetrafluoroborate... (More)
Ligand exchange at square-planar [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pd(EtCN)4]2+ has been studied by 1H NMR line broadening and at [Pt(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pt(EtCN)4]2+ by isotopic labelling using 1H NMR spectroscopy in deuteriated nitromethane. Exchange takes place via two-term rate laws Rex/4 = (k1 + k2[RCN])cM with well defined k1 paths. Rate constants per co-ordination site k1298/s–1, k2298/kg mol–1 s–1 are 6.9 ± 1.6, 34 ± 3; 0.59 ± 0.12, 34 ± 3; 10.7 ± 1.8, 35 ± 4; (5.1 ± 2.3) × 10–6, (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10–5 and (5.5 ± 1.0) × 10–6, (3.3 ± 0.2) × 10–5 for [Pd(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, [Pd(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pt(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2 and [Pt(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, respectively. For [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ the k1 path is much larger for triflate than for tetrafluoroborate as counter ion. Changing the tetrafluoroborate concentration has no effect on the exchange rate of acetonitrile at [Pd(MeCN)4]2+. In this case the k1 path is ascribed to an attack by solvent at the metal centre. For triflate saturation kinetics is observed. This can be rationalized in terms of ion-pair formation followed by reversible intramolecular exchange of nitrile for triflate within the ion pair, with an equilibrium constant Kip300 = 8 ± 2 kg mol–1 and a rate constant k300 = 12.5 ± 1.3 s–1. All activation entropies are negative, indicating associative activation. A new, simple one-step synthesis of the substrate complexes as their triflate salts, using [M(acac)2] (acac = acetylacetonate) as starting material, and of [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2 using palladium(II) acetate, is described. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Palladium(II), Platinum(II), Acetonitrile, Propionitrile, Ligand exchange, Proton NMR line broadening, Reaction Mechanism, Actvation entropy, Triflate salt, Palladium(II), Platinum(II), Acetonitrile, Propionitrile, Ligand exchange, Kinetics, Reaction mechanism, NMR spectroscopy, Triflate salts
in
Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
volume
1997
issue
24
pages
5 pages
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • scopus:33748828849
ISSN
1472-7773
DOI
10.1039/A705048H
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
11fdf28f-113b-4bee-90bf-2723f9f90825
date added to LUP
2016-12-31 22:28:20
date last changed
2017-05-29 11:37:37
@article{11fdf28f-113b-4bee-90bf-2723f9f90825,
  abstract     = {Ligand exchange at square-planar [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pd(EtCN)4]2+ has been studied by 1H NMR line broadening and at [Pt(MeCN)4]2+ and [Pt(EtCN)4]2+ by isotopic labelling using 1H NMR spectroscopy in deuteriated nitromethane. Exchange takes place via two-term rate laws Rex/4 = (k1 + k2[RCN])cM with well defined k1 paths. Rate constants per co-ordination site k1298/s–1, k2298/kg mol–1 s–1 are 6.9 ± 1.6, 34 ± 3; 0.59 ± 0.12, 34 ± 3; 10.7 ± 1.8, 35 ± 4; (5.1 ± 2.3) × 10–6, (2.8 ± 0.2) × 10–5 and (5.5 ± 1.0) × 10–6, (3.3 ± 0.2) × 10–5 for [Pd(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, [Pd(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, [Pt(MeCN)4][CF3SO3]2 and [Pt(EtCN)4][CF3SO3]2, respectively. For [Pd(MeCN)4]2+ the k1 path is much larger for triflate than for tetrafluoroborate as counter ion. Changing the tetrafluoroborate concentration has no effect on the exchange rate of acetonitrile at [Pd(MeCN)4]2+. In this case the k1 path is ascribed to an attack by solvent at the metal centre. For triflate saturation kinetics is observed. This can be rationalized in terms of ion-pair formation followed by reversible intramolecular exchange of nitrile for triflate within the ion pair, with an equilibrium constant Kip300 = 8 ± 2 kg mol–1 and a rate constant k300 = 12.5 ± 1.3 s–1. All activation entropies are negative, indicating associative activation. A new, simple one-step synthesis of the substrate complexes as their triflate salts, using [M(acac)2] (acac = acetylacetonate) as starting material, and of [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2 using palladium(II) acetate, is described.},
  author       = {Wendt, Ola and N. F., Kaiser and Elding, Lars Ivar},
  issn         = {1472-7773},
  keyword      = {Palladium(II),Platinum(II),Acetonitrile,Propionitrile,Ligand exchange,Proton NMR line broadening,Reaction Mechanism,Actvation entropy,Triflate salt,Palladium(II),Platinum(II),Acetonitrile,Propionitrile,Ligand exchange,Kinetics,Reaction mechanism,NMR spectroscopy,Triflate salts},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {24},
  pages        = {4733--4737},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions},
  title        = {Acetonitrile and Propionitrile Exchange at Palladium(II) and Platinum(II)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/A705048H},
  volume       = {1997},
  year         = {1997},
}