Advanced

Steam inretreatment of dilute H2SO4-impregnated wheat straw and SSF with low yeast and enzyme loadings for bioethanol production

Linde, Marie LU ; Jakobsson, Eva-Lena; Galbe, Mats LU and Zacchi, Guido LU (2008) In Biomass & Bioenergy 32(4). p.326-332
Abstract
Conversion of lignocellulosic material to monomeric sugars and finally ethanol must be performed at low cost, i.e, with limited consumption of chemicals, yeast and enzymes while still reaching high yields, if it is to compete with other fuel conversion processes. The objective of this study was thus to investigate ethanol production from steam-pretreated wheat straw by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The concentration of sulphuric acid in the impregnation liquid prior to pretreatment was kept low, 0.2%, and SSF was performed at low enzyme loadings, 3-14 FPU g(-1) water-insoluble solids (WIS), and a low yeast concentration, 2 g L-1. The pretreatment conditions were optimised to give the highest overall glucose and... (More)
Conversion of lignocellulosic material to monomeric sugars and finally ethanol must be performed at low cost, i.e, with limited consumption of chemicals, yeast and enzymes while still reaching high yields, if it is to compete with other fuel conversion processes. The objective of this study was thus to investigate ethanol production from steam-pretreated wheat straw by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The concentration of sulphuric acid in the impregnation liquid prior to pretreatment was kept low, 0.2%, and SSF was performed at low enzyme loadings, 3-14 FPU g(-1) water-insoluble solids (WIS), and a low yeast concentration, 2 g L-1. The pretreatment conditions were optimised to give the highest overall glucose and xylose recovery after enzymatic hydrolysis of the residual WIS. The highest recovery of glucose (102%) and xylose (96%) was obtained after pretreatment at 190 degrees C for 10 min. Achieving high yields of glucose and xylose with the same pretreatment conditions is unusual and makes wheat straw a highly suitable raw material for bioethanol production. SSF was performed on whole slurry from straw pretreated under the optimal conditions. A high overall ethanol yield, 67% of the theoretical based on glucose in the raw material, was obtained. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
agricultural residue, biofuel, straw, wheat, SSF, H2SO4, ethanol, steam pretreatment
in
Biomass & Bioenergy
volume
32
issue
4
pages
326 - 332
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000255473600006
  • scopus:40949127359
ISSN
1873-2909
DOI
10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.09.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37be61dc-625b-4816-86bd-a18bc890a3b5 (old id 1204930)
date added to LUP
2008-09-18 11:36:05
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:56:46
@article{37be61dc-625b-4816-86bd-a18bc890a3b5,
  abstract     = {Conversion of lignocellulosic material to monomeric sugars and finally ethanol must be performed at low cost, i.e, with limited consumption of chemicals, yeast and enzymes while still reaching high yields, if it is to compete with other fuel conversion processes. The objective of this study was thus to investigate ethanol production from steam-pretreated wheat straw by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The concentration of sulphuric acid in the impregnation liquid prior to pretreatment was kept low, 0.2%, and SSF was performed at low enzyme loadings, 3-14 FPU g(-1) water-insoluble solids (WIS), and a low yeast concentration, 2 g L-1. The pretreatment conditions were optimised to give the highest overall glucose and xylose recovery after enzymatic hydrolysis of the residual WIS. The highest recovery of glucose (102%) and xylose (96%) was obtained after pretreatment at 190 degrees C for 10 min. Achieving high yields of glucose and xylose with the same pretreatment conditions is unusual and makes wheat straw a highly suitable raw material for bioethanol production. SSF was performed on whole slurry from straw pretreated under the optimal conditions. A high overall ethanol yield, 67% of the theoretical based on glucose in the raw material, was obtained.},
  author       = {Linde, Marie and Jakobsson, Eva-Lena and Galbe, Mats and Zacchi, Guido},
  issn         = {1873-2909},
  keyword      = {agricultural residue,biofuel,straw,wheat,SSF,H2SO4,ethanol,steam pretreatment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {326--332},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biomass & Bioenergy},
  title        = {Steam inretreatment of dilute H2SO4-impregnated wheat straw and SSF with low yeast and enzyme loadings for bioethanol production},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.09.013},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2008},
}