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Multinational mining companies, employment and knowledge transfer : Chile and Norway from ca. 1870 to 1940

Ranestad, Kristin LU (2017) In Business History
Abstract

This article compares employment at multinational mining companies in Chile and Norway from ca. 1870 to 1940. I find that multinationals in Chile recruited foreigners to managing and middle-management positions, while Norwegian workers were heavily involved in management of multinationals in Norway. The exclusion of Chileans encouraged enclave tendencies and prevented knowledge transfer, while strong networks were created between multinationals and the local industry in Norway through job switching. Evidence suggests that local workers were employed if they were qualified and that discrepancies in institutions stimulating capacity building in the two countries largely explain the different employment patterns.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
institutions, knowledge transfer, mining, mining education, Multinationals
in
Business History
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85037976089
ISSN
0007-6791
DOI
10.1080/00076791.2017.1407313
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
120c0208-57b0-400a-acb8-c1e17bacb839
date added to LUP
2018-09-18 14:51:17
date last changed
2020-10-07 06:01:53
@article{120c0208-57b0-400a-acb8-c1e17bacb839,
  abstract     = {<p>This article compares employment at multinational mining companies in Chile and Norway from ca. 1870 to 1940. I find that multinationals in Chile recruited foreigners to managing and middle-management positions, while Norwegian workers were heavily involved in management of multinationals in Norway. The exclusion of Chileans encouraged enclave tendencies and prevented knowledge transfer, while strong networks were created between multinationals and the local industry in Norway through job switching. Evidence suggests that local workers were employed if they were qualified and that discrepancies in institutions stimulating capacity building in the two countries largely explain the different employment patterns.</p>},
  author       = {Ranestad, Kristin},
  issn         = {0007-6791},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Business History},
  title        = {Multinational mining companies, employment and knowledge transfer : Chile and Norway from ca. 1870 to 1940},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2017.1407313},
  doi          = {10.1080/00076791.2017.1407313},
  year         = {2017},
}