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Interactional Context in L2 Dialogues.

Wiberg, Eva LU (2003) In Journal of Pragmatics 35(3). p.389-407
Abstract
In recent years, second language acquisition research has focused on the performance of advanced and pre-advanced L2 learners (non-native speakers; henceforth NNSs), the former having received less attention. The present study draws on dialogues about future plans and route directions between advanced NNSs and a single native speaker (EVA). It is hypothesized that a NNS needs more time to construct utterances because her/his level of fluency has not reached the level of automatization that a native speaker (henceforth NS) possesses. A NNS, therefore, takes advantage of the interlocutor's turn to acquire the necessary tools to continue the dialogue and to gain time, using interactional strategies such as repetition, co-construction,... (More)
In recent years, second language acquisition research has focused on the performance of advanced and pre-advanced L2 learners (non-native speakers; henceforth NNSs), the former having received less attention. The present study draws on dialogues about future plans and route directions between advanced NNSs and a single native speaker (EVA). It is hypothesized that a NNS needs more time to construct utterances because her/his level of fluency has not reached the level of automatization that a native speaker (henceforth NS) possesses. A NNS, therefore, takes advantage of the interlocutor's turn to acquire the necessary tools to continue the dialogue and to gain time, using interactional strategies such as repetition, co-construction, metalinguistic asides and trailing-offs. Furthermore, the route-direction frame is more rigid than the future plan frame, due to the more complex macro-context. Thus, the more difficult the communicative task, the more likely it is that the NNS will use interactional strategies as scaffolding devices. Comparisons with NS–NS dialogues confirm this hypothesis. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Repetition, Macro-context, Micro-context, Second language acquisition, Dialogue, Scaffolding
in
Journal of Pragmatics
volume
35
issue
3
pages
389 - 407
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000181148700005
  • scopus:0037363978
ISSN
0378-2166
DOI
10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00142-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e19ff3b-9fc0-4f92-b2d9-1eb97939b5eb (old id 123725)
date added to LUP
2007-07-27 14:02:18
date last changed
2018-01-07 06:12:08
@article{6e19ff3b-9fc0-4f92-b2d9-1eb97939b5eb,
  abstract     = {In recent years, second language acquisition research has focused on the performance of advanced and pre-advanced L2 learners (non-native speakers; henceforth NNSs), the former having received less attention. The present study draws on dialogues about future plans and route directions between advanced NNSs and a single native speaker (EVA). It is hypothesized that a NNS needs more time to construct utterances because her/his level of fluency has not reached the level of automatization that a native speaker (henceforth NS) possesses. A NNS, therefore, takes advantage of the interlocutor's turn to acquire the necessary tools to continue the dialogue and to gain time, using interactional strategies such as repetition, co-construction, metalinguistic asides and trailing-offs. Furthermore, the route-direction frame is more rigid than the future plan frame, due to the more complex macro-context. Thus, the more difficult the communicative task, the more likely it is that the NNS will use interactional strategies as scaffolding devices. Comparisons with NS–NS dialogues confirm this hypothesis.},
  author       = {Wiberg, Eva},
  issn         = {0378-2166},
  keyword      = {Repetition,Macro-context,Micro-context,Second language acquisition,Dialogue,Scaffolding},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {389--407},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Pragmatics},
  title        = {Interactional Context in L2 Dialogues.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00142-X},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2003},
}